Category Archives: Environment

Tweet4Wolves Page Two: Stop H.J.Resolution 69 

This is a continuation of our first page of tweets to Stop #HJResolution69. If you have not sent off the first set of tweets they can be located here. Between the two sheets, we have 352 tweets.

For ease of tweeting follow these instructions: Close your twitter window and open this post on your browser, do not tweet from the facebook app. Tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each message and your tweet will be automatically sent. For those of you experiencing trouble with the automatic return to sheet after each tweet, please know that I have done everything possible on this website to correct this problem. This is a difficult task as I am experiencing no trouble sending tweets on my browser (chrome). I have isolated the tweet message which should make it easier for those of you reduced to ‘cut and paste’ tweets. Feel free to add images to the tweets except where noted. Adding images as a link removes 23 characters from the message, adding images when you post your tweet removes zero characters, so I will leave that to you. Help yourself to any images here or from the Facebook event. Thank you for participating. 

Video Tweets (continuation):

20. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @amyklobuchar @SenFranken  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

Tweet4Wolves 

21. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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22. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @clairecmc @RoyBlunt pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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23. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorTester @SteveDaines pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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24. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorFischer @SenSasse pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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25. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @lisamurkowski @sendansullivan  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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26. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #Alaska #PublicLands @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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27. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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28. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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29. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateDems @SenateGOP   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

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30. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @repdonyoung pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

Tweet4Wolves or * Tweet🐥This

31. #SJResolution18 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @sendansullivan pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

Tweet4Wolves or Tweet🐥This

32. #SJResolution18 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @lisamurkowski pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

Tweet4Wolves or Tweet🐥This

33. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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34. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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35. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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36. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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37. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship #PublicLands #Alaska @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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38. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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39. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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40. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska  @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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41. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune      pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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42. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship #PublicLands #Alaska @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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43. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn         pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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44. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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45. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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46. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @timkaine @MarkWarner  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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47. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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48. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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49. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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50. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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51. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

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52. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska  @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

Tweet4Wolves 

154. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

Tweet4Wolves              

155. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

Tweet4Wolves    

156. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  Stop #HJResolution69  

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157. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

Tweet4Wolves   

158. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

159. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer

Tweet4Wolves                

160. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska  @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer 

Tweet4Wolves    

161. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves  

162. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer 

Tweet4Wolves    

163. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

164. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr

Tweet4Wolves               

165. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska  @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr 

Tweet4Wolves     

166. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves  

167. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr

Tweet4Wolves  

168.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr  Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

169.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorHeitkamp  @SenJohnHoeven

Tweet4Wolves                

170.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven

Tweet4Wolves     

171.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

172.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven 

 Tweet4Wolves

173.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

174.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman

Tweet4Wolves                

175.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman

Tweet4Wolves     

176.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves  

177.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman 

Tweet4Wolves 

 178.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

 179.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

Tweet4Wolves                 

180.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

Tweet4Wolves     

181.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford Stop #HJResolution69

 Tweet4Wolves 

182.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford 

Tweet4Wolves

183.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

184. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden

Tweet4Wolves                  

185. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden 

Tweet4Wolves    

186. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

187. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden

Tweet4Wolves  

 188. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

189. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves                   

190. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves      

191. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

192. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves   

193. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

194. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

Tweet4Wolves                   

195. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

Tweet4Wolves      

196. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

197. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

Tweet4Wolves   

198. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

199. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

Tweet4Wolves                   

200. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

Tweet4Wolves 


Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

P. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @CoryBooker @SenatorMenendez @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer  

Tweet4Wolves 

Q. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

Tweet4Wolves  

R. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall

 Tweet4Wolves 

S. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman@SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed 

Tweet4Wolves 

T. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves 

U. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden  @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

Tweet4Wolves 

V. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker 

Tweet4Wolves 

W. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves 

X. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves 

Y. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @timkaine @MarkWarner @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell 

Tweet4Wolves 

Z. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves 

201. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @LindseyGrahamSC  @SenatorTimScott Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

202. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoGmember Stop #HJResolution69 @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

Tweet4Wolves   

203. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

204. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

Tweet4Wolves                    

205. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

Tweet4Wolves        

206. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

207. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

Tweet4Wolves   

208. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

209. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

Tweet4Wolves                     

210. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

Tweet4Wolves        

211. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

212. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

Tweet4Wolves     

213. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

214. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves                      

215. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves        

216. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

217. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves     

218. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

219. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

Tweet4Wolves                       

220. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

Tweet4Wolves        

221. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

222. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

Tweet4Wolves     

223. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

224. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves                       

225. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves        

226. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

227. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves     

228. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

229. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @timkaine @MarkWarner

Tweet4Wolves                        

230. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @timkaine @MarkWarner

Tweet4Wolves        

231. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @timkaine @MarkWarner Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

232. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @timkaine @MarkWarner 

Tweet4Wolves    

233. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @timkaine @MarkWarner Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

234. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

Tweet4Wolves                         

235. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

Tweet4Wolves       

236. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

237. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

Tweet4Wolves    

238. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

239. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

Tweet4Wolves                         

240. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

Tweet4Wolves       

241. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

242. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito 

Tweet4Wolves    

243. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

244. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

Tweet4Wolves 

245. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

Tweet4Wolves 

246. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

247. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

Tweet4Wolves     

248. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

249. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves 

250. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves 

251. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

252. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves    

253. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

This is a continuation of our first page of tweets to Stop #HJResolution69. If you have not sent off the first set of tweets they can be located here.

*The 3 tweets marked “Tweet🐥This” are a sample from a third tweet caster which I am testing.

Copyright © 2017  [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Tweet4Wolves-Stop H.J.Resolution 69

Please join our tweetstorm which begins February 27th at 10:00 a.m. eastern time. 

For ease of tweeting follow these instructions: Close your twitter window (not account). Open this post on your browser. Tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each message and your tweet will be automatically sent.  Do not tweet from the facebook app! 

1. Stop #HJResolution69 which sanctions #AnimalCruelty on wildlife refuges in #Alaska @lutherstrange @senshelby pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE  Tweet4Wolves 

2.  Stop #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands on #Alaska Refuges @lutherstrange @senshelby pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE  Tweet4Wolves 

3. Protecting #wildlife from inhumane cruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one. Stop #HJResolution69 pic.twitter.com/ax0RSkoNgM Tweet4Wolves 

4. Stop #HJResolution69 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateDems @SenateGOP pic.twitter.com/CLnM4b0GbV Tweet4Wolves 

5. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @lutherstrange @senshelby  Tweet4Wolves 

6. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science & ethical standards @lutherstrange @senshelby Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves  

7. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”-BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @lutherstrange @senshelby Tweet4Wolves 

8. Protecting #wildlife from inhumane cruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @lutherstrange @senshelby Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

 9. Stop #HJResolution69 and #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on our #PublicLands in #Alaska pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves

10. Stop #HJResolution69 and #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves 

11. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves  

12. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science & ethical standards @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

13. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves 

14. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves 

15. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @sentomcotton @johnboozman Tweet4Wolves 

16. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sentomcotton @johnboozman Tweet4Wolves 

17. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science & ethical standards @sentomcotton @johnboozman Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

18. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @sentomcotton @johnboozman Tweet4Wolves 

19. Protecting #wildlife from inhumane cruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @sentomcotton @johnboozman Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

20. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves  

21. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves 

22. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science ðical standards  @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

23. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves 

24. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one  @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

25. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @sencorygardner @senbennetco Tweet4Wolves 

26. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sencorygardner @senbennetco Tweet4Wolves 

27. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @sencorygardner @senbennetco Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

28. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @sencorygardner @senbennetco Tweet4Wolves 

29. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @sencorygardner @senbennetco Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

30. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves  

31. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves 

32. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

33. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves 

34. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves

35. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @senatorcarper @chriscoons Tweet4Wolves 

36. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senatorcarper @chriscoons Tweet4Wolves 

37. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senatorcarper @chriscoons Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

38. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @senatorcarper @chriscoons Tweet4Wolves 

39. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senatorcarper @chriscoons  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

40. Stop #HJResolution69 and #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on our #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves 

41. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves

42. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senbillnelson @marcorubio  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

43. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves 

44. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senbillnelson @marcorubio Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

45. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @senbillnelson @marcorubio @senatorcarper @chriscoons  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

46. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal @sencorygardner @senbennetco pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves

47. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris @johnboozman @sentomcotton pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

48. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @jeffflake @senjohnmccain pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

49. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Tweet4Wolves 

50. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Tweet4Wolves 

51. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

52. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Tweet4Wolves 

53. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

54. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves  

55. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves  

56. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @maziehirono @brianschatz  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

57. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves 

58. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @maziehirono @brianschatz  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

59. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Tweet4Wolves  

60. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Tweet4Wolves 

61. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves

 62. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Tweet4Wolves  

63. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

64. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

 65. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

66. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senatordurbin @tammyforil Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves

67. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

68. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senatordurbin @tammyforil Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  


Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

A. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV @lisamurkowski @sendansullivan @repdonyoung  Tweet4Wolves

B. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @lutherstrange @senshelby @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves  

C. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV @sentomcotton @johnboozman @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves 

D. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @sencorygardner @senbennetco @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves 

E. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @senatorcarper @chriscoons @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves 

F. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves 

G. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @senatorrisch @mikecrapo @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

69. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @sendonnelly @SenToddYoung Tweet4Wolves 

70. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sendonnelly @SenToddYoung Tweet4Wolves 

71. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves 

72. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung Tweet4Wolves 

73. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

74. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Tweet4Wolves  

75. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley  Tweet4Wolves  

76. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves  

77. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Tweet4Wolves  

78. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

79. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

80. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

81. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

82. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

83. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

84. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenateMajLdr @randpaul  Tweet4Wolves  

85. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Tweet4Wolves  

86. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

87. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Tweet4Wolves  

88. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

89. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

90. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

91. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

92. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

93. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

94. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Tweet4Wolves  

95. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Tweet4Wolves  

96. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

97. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Tweet4Wolves  

98. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

99. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

100. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

101. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

102. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

103. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

104. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenWarren @SenMarkey Tweet4Wolves  

105. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenWarren @SenMarkey Tweet4Wolves  

106. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenWarren @SenMarkey Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

107. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenWarren @SenMarkey Tweet4Wolves  

108. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenWarren @SenMarkey Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

H. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenWarren @SenMarkey @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

I. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

J. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenMajLdr @randpaul @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

K. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley @sendonnelly @toddyoungin Tweet4Wolves  

L. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters @amyklobuchar @SenFranken @nytimes @adndotcom Tweet4Wolves  

M. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran @clairecmc  @RoyBlunt @latimes @Alaska Tweet4Wolves  

N. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorTester @stevedaines @SenatorFischer @SenSasse @washingtonpost Tweet4Wolves  

O. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV @SenatorShaheen @SenatorHassan Tweet4Wolves 

109. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Tweet4Wolves  

110. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Tweet4Wolves 

111. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

112. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Tweet4Wolves  

113. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

114. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Tweet4Wolves  

115. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Tweet4Wolves  

116. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

117. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Tweet4Wolves  

118. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

119. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Tweet4Wolves  

120. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Tweet4Wolves  

121. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

122. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Tweet4Wolves  

123. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

124. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Tweet4Wolves  

125. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Tweet4Wolves  

126. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @clairecmc @RoyBlunt  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

127. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Tweet4Wolves  

 128. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

129. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves  

130. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves  

131. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

132. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves  

133. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

134. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Tweet4Wolves 

135. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Tweet4Wolves 

136. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

137. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Tweet4Wolves 

138. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

139. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Tweet4Wolves 

140. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Tweet4Wolves 

141. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

142. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Tweet4Wolves 

143. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

144. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Tweet4Wolves 

145. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Tweet4Wolves 

146. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

147. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Tweet4Wolves 

148. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

149. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves 

150. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves 

151. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

152. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves 

153. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

VIDEO TWEETS: 

1. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @lutherstrange @SenShelby pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

2. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  @JefffFlake @SenJohnMccain pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

3. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska   @SenTomCotton @JohnBoozman pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

4. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenFeinstein @KamalaHarris pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

5. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska  @SenCoryGardner @SenBennetCO pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

6. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @ChrisMurphyCT @SenBlumenthal pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

7. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  @SenatorCarper @ChrisCoons pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

8. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenBillNelson @marcorubio pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

9. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @maziehirono @brianschatz pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

10. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorRisch @MikeCrapo pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

11. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorDurbin @TammyforIL pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

12. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

13. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenJoniErnst @ChuckGrassley pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

14. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateMajLdr @RandPaul  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

15. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @BillCassidy @SenJohnKennedy  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

16. #HJResolution69 will impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenAngusKing @SenatorCollins  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

17. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorCardin @ChrisVanHollen  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

18. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenWarren @SenMarkey   pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

19. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters   pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

Please follow this link for the second set of tweets 

Thank you. 

The Case Against H.J.Resolution 69 and S.J.Resolution 18

House lawmakers, on Thursday, February 16th, passed a measure to repeal a recently implemented rule that banned abhorrent practices such as shooting/ trapping wolves while at dens with pups, killing hibernating bears and spotting Grizzlies from aircraft for kill upon landing. The rule aligns with a similar National Park Service rule, which was finalized in October, 2015, banning abhorrent practices such as “bear baiting” and the Game Boards liberal predator control “management”.

The legislation, authored by Representative Don Young, would undo the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, opening the door for the state to resume aggressive predator control tactics including shooting wolves from airplanes, spotting bears from aircraft for kill upon landing, and killing cubs and pups in their dens on more than 76 million acres of national wildlife refuge land in Alaska. A recently introduced companion measure (S.J.Resolution 18), sponsored by Senator Dan Sullivan, also seeks to erode federal management authority over Alaska Wildlife Refuges and should be set aside. 

Under the rule, issued August 3rd, 2016, by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, predator control is not allowed on Alaska’s 16 national wildlife refuges “unless it is determined to be necessary to meet refuge purposes, is consistent with federal laws and policy and is based on sound science in response to a conservation concern.” The law also bans specific hunting methods on Alaska refuges, including killing bear cubs or adult females with cubs, baiting brown bears, taking bears using snares and traps, and aerial shooting of bears and wolves.

  • The rule “clarifies how existing mandates for the conservation of natural and biological diversity, biological integrity, and environmental health on refuges in Alaska relate to predator control; prohibits several particularly effective methods and means for take of predators”. The rule formally established a goal of biodiversity as the guiding principle of federal management of wildlife refuges. The rule also made it clear there would be no impact on subsistence hunters. 

In a blog post published the day of the final ruling in August, former FWS Director Dan Ashe said that in implementing Alaska’s Intensive Management Law, the Alaska Board of Game had “unleashed a withering attack  on bears and wolves that is wholly at odds with America’s long tradition of ethical, sportsmanlike, fair-chase hunting.”

 Under Title VIII (Subsistence Management And Use) of the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), Alaska Natives and other rural residents were granted hunting and fishing rights (when fish and game are not under outside threat) on National Preserves. The ANILCA did not, however, allow Alaska to manage its wildlife as it has been ~ which is not unlike a game farm, where wolves and bears are decimated to allow unchecked trophy hunting and commercial guiding, and led to the implementation of tighter restrictions by the National Park Service. Alaska is unique among the 50 states for allowing sport and subsistence hunting in the 17 million acres of national preserves added to the National Park System by the ANILCA.  While Congress recognized the “important value of subsistence and (sadly) sport hunting”, it allowed both to take place only where consistent with the mandate to protect and conserve wildlife resources. State sport hunting regulations passed by the Alaska Board of Game apply on public lands, but only when those regulations do not conflict with federal mandates or National Park policies. 

(In Alaska, the wildlife law known as the Intensive Management statute is in conflict with federal laws governing national park lands and the management of wildlife on those lands. Preemption, the constitutional doctrine which holds that when federal law and state law conflict, federal law must be followed, and state law must yield, requires the State of Alaska to refrain from implementing the Intensive Management statute on national park lands because of the conflict with federal laws.)

The Board, however, noticeably became increasingly aggressive in its efforts to implement predator control on federal public lands through liberalization of sport hunting and trapping regulations. For example in 1994, the Alaska Legislature passed the Intensive Management Statute with which the explicit goal was to maintain, restore, or increase the abundance of big game populations for human consumptive use.


The following 2 maps illustrate the enormous expansion of state designated predator control areas (PCA) from 2001 to 2014. The maps also show that the boundaries of most national preserves had been encroached upon and many had become virtually surrounded by Predator Control Areas in just 14 years. Note the vast increase of “wolf control” areas (in yellow).


The Board has also practiced intensive  management by liberalizing sport hunting regulations, including:

•Increasing bag limits from five per season up to 20 per season or 10 per day (as high as 20 a day for wolves in some areas of the state), and liberalizing hunting seasons for predators to increase their “harvest”.

•Eliminating the need for hunters to obtain or purchase hunting tags or permits for predators.

•Permitting  the incidental taking of predators.

•Authorizing same-day airborne hunting and trapping, which allows hunters to take predators the same day they’ve been flying.

•Allowing the use of bait to lure predators.

•And, of course, the aerial gunning of wolves. 

Note that in 2011, the Board issued an emergency order to extend wolf hunting and trapping seasons in GMUs 9 and 10 to increase caribou numbers and as a way of getting around the U.S. Fish & Wildlife’s prohibition on aerial wolf control programs on Unimak Island. 

Furthermore, the board has repeatedly refused to reduce the impact of its programs on National Preserves.  For example, in the spring  of 2014, the radio-collared Lost Creek wolf pack left the borders of the Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve and was eliminated through aerial shooting by state agents implementing one of the Board’s intensive management plans. The Park Service had been studying the Lost Creek pack for seven years as part of a roughly 20-year study of wolves in the Yukon Charley National Preserve; The State predator control efforts killed 36 wolves in the area in a single year, reducing the preserve’s population by over half. 

Another example is the Board’s 2010 elimination of the 122 square-mile buffer adjacent to Denali National Park that protected wolves crossing its boundaries from hunting and trapping~Two years later, the wolf populations in the Park were the lowest in decades.

The USFWS acted admirably to prevent application of state regulations which are incompatible with management objectives for the nearly 77 million acres of wildlife refuges across the state.

The National Park Service has also been at odds with the State which led to the implementation of tighter restrictions on sport hunting (the closure regulations became effective Nov. 23 2015, and new hunting regulations effective January 1, 2016. More information regarding the NPS regulations can be found here.

When H.J. Resolution 69 is brought to the floor for a vote, I ask that you please stand by our wildlife and Public Lands, vote against this disgraceful and appalling attempt to reinstate animal cruelty on our wildlife refuges. The companion measure introduced in the Senate is equally shameful in its attempt to undo The Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule and should be voted down; the states do not have a right to dictate what happens on our National Wildlife Refuges. 

Related content:

 Fish and Wildlife Service Wise to Oppose Alaska’s War on Wolves   A must read op-ed by Vic Van Ballenberghe who is a wildlife biologist and a former member of the Alaska Board of Game.  

Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule questions and answers.

Representative Don Young’s biography and colorful array of Congressional statements

 Stop Alaska’s War on Wolves from NPCA

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Clearcutting the Tongass National Forest is Dead Wrong

In Paris last December, the world turned a major corner on climate change. Some 195 nations agreed on the urgency of the threat. They also agreed to take steps to combat it, including promoting forest protection and reforestation — steps that are necessary, though not in themselves sufficient, if we are to avoid consequences as extreme for our economies and health as they are for the environment.

President Obama deserves much of the credit for this progress. On his watch, the United States has cut greenhouse gas emissions more than any other country. He has become a powerful voice at home and abroad for doing everything possible to cut emissions. And he is showing global leadership in policy areas that go beyond the Paris agreement; for instance, he has ordered an overhaul of the federal coalleasing program, which produces a tenth of all carbon dioxide emitted by U.S. sources.

In the Tongass rainforest, the Forest Service has clung to the old-school logging of some of the most biologically rich, scenically stunning and carbon-dense forests on Earth. 

So it was a surprise to see the U.S. Forest Service — as if in a time warp — recently working counter to that approach in the vast Tongass National Forest of southeast Alaska. There, the agency plans to continue liquidating carbon-laden old growth for at least another decade and a half.

Forest conservation is only one corner in the race to stem climate disruption that the Paris agreement, though broadly encouraging, did not get us far enough around. But it’s a vital one. As Secretary of State John Kerry said recently, deforestation generates nearly a quarter of all the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

The science is clear: If we want to keep global warming from threatening the existence of coastal areas and low-lying island nations, the world must preserve its remaining old forests and the massive carbon reserves they’ve accumulated over the centuries. The new wood we use has to come instead from sustainably managed plantations and young stands that quickly regrow and recapture the carbon they lose to logging.

Mostly, our federally managed national forests have made that change over the past 25 years. But in the wilds of Alaska, it’s a different story. In the Tongass rainforest, the Forest Service has clung to the old-school logging of some of the most biologically rich, scenically stunning and carbon-dense forests on Earth.

The 17-million-acre Tongass absorbs about 8 percent of the nation’s carbon dioxide pollution from the atmosphere every year. It also teems with extraordinary wildlife, including bears, eagles, wolves and salmon.

Six years ago, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack decided that enough was enough. He announced a transition away from further logging of Tongass old growth, with the Forest Service “rapidly” implementing this change. This was met with high praise from the public and from scientists like me, but at the agency level, his initiative stalled. The Forest Service went years with no visible progress on the transition, while approving continued clear-cutting of America’s last great rainforest.

This fall, the agency released its final “transition” proposal: 16 more years of old-growth clear-cutting, and maybe more. According to one analysis, the logging proposed under the agency’s plan would release carbon dioxide emissions equivalent to about 4 million additional vehicles annually.

The agency says that neither it, nor the timber industry, can move any faster. In the Pacific Northwest, however, both transitioned to logging young forests almost overnight when courts halted access to old growth. The agency asserts that young Tongass trees growing on old clear-cuts are not yet big enough to log. In fact, though, they are older and larger than the ones that local Native corporation loggers cut and sell abroad, and small local mills say they would be happy to process these trees locally, if they could get them from the agency. 

Keeping global warming below catastrophic levels is not something that can wait until we finally get around to it. We need to be doing everything we can right now. We can’t afford to spend another 16 years or more liquidating Tongass old growth and losing the carbon reserves it stores. And we certainly shouldn’t signal other countries that the vital business of saving their carbon-rich rainforests can wait for decades. 

The Forest Service can and must move much faster and not undermine U.S. progress and leadership on climate change by protecting these biologically rich and most scenically stunning and carbon dense forests on Earth. It is long past the time to take the country’s biggest carbon asset off the chopping block. 

Thomas E. Lovejoy

Thomas Lovejoy is a professor of Environmental Science and Policy at George Mason University and previously a senior environmental advisor to the World Bank and the United Nations Foundation.

Originally published in The High Country News. 


Take action to save the Tongass National Forest. 

Alaska’s Tongass National Forest is nothing short of magical: it contains centuries-old trees and one-of-a-kind wilderness, home to animals like Alexander Archipelago wolves and bald eagles. Your voice is needed to pressure Congress to defund this clearcutting plan and save the Tongass for our children and grandchildren. 

Please sign and share this petition from the Sierra Club. Help protect the Tongass National Forest: Stop the Clearcutting. Thank you.

Feature Image: Alaskan Wolf by Doug Brown. Insert: Tongass National Forest photo by David Beebe 

Related content: Trump, Congress and Southeast timber, what are the possibilities?

This is where Obama’s hugely ambitious climate policies were headed — before Trump came along

Obama Fossil Fuel Auction Adds 29 Million Tons of Climate Pollution,
Threatens Imperiled Species in Wyoming
 

Not One Wolf.

Wolves should not be killed to protect livestock grazing on public lands, and certainly not in National Forests. 

Not one single wolf.

“The Bridger Teton National Forest missed a chance to promote the public interest over private businesses when it decided in its draft management plan for the Upper Green Allotment to continue to allow ranchers to run livestock without any significant changes to protect the public’s wildlife and other values.

The Upper Green is perhaps the most important non-protected wildlife habitat in the entire Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Yet the BTNF treats it as if the best use of this land is as a feedlot for private cattle.

Worse for our native wildlife is the fact that the Upper Green is a crucial wildlife corridor. It is regularly used by grizzlies, wolves and as a migration route for pronghorn, elk, and mule deer. The mere presence of domestic livestock creates massive conflicts, and the Forest Service has done nothing to reduce these conflicts.” – George Wuerthner

Again, I ask you to please take the time to voice your opposition to livestock grazing, on your public lands, in the Bridger-Teton National Forest. Your comment must be received by November 21st. Should you wish to compose your own letter, please see this blog post for talking points.
If you prefer, feel free to personalize and copy the following letter which you may either mail to: comments-intermtn-bridger-teton-pinedale@fs.fed.us

or, you may submit your comment here.

To Whom This May Concern,

Thank you for taking the time for my comment regarding livestock grazing in the Bridger-Teton National Forest. I believe livestock should no longer be permitted to graze in the allotments on the Upper Green River project area, and select “Alternative One –  No Livestock Grazing”.

It is impossible to produce livestock in the west without a multitude of negative impacts including soil erosion and compaction, water pollution, the spread of invasive weeds, spread of disease from domestic animals to wildlife, changes in plant community structure, interruption of natural nutrient cycles, disruption of natural fire regimes, and degradation of riparian zones.

I disagree with the compromising and domestication of our public lands with fencing, water tanks, pipelines, and other infrastructure designed to make our public lands better “stock yards”. The Upper Green is a crucial wildlife corridor. It is regularly used by grizzlies, wolves and as a migration route for pronghorn, elk, and mule deer. Not only does livestock grazing reduce the ability of the land to support native herbivores, but the mere presence of domestic livestock creates conflicts with predators such as wolves and grizzlies, which are, more often than not, “removed”.

Wildlife is one of the five purposes of the national forests under the Multiple Use Sustained Yield Act, and the Forest Service is obligated to manage for healthy, viable populations of wildlife under the National Forest Management Act and the agency’s own regulations. With such extensive grazing allotments, this obligation is ignored.

To reiterate, I select Alternative One – No Livestock Grazing, as I understand it:
Under alternative one, livestock would no longer be permitted to graze in the six allotments on the Upper Green River project area. Livestock grazing would be eliminated and current term grazing permits would be cancelled. Livestock grazing would cease two years after notice of cancellation.

Livestock grazing should *never* compromise our wildlife’s ability to thrive, and, certainly not on our public lands.

Thank you for your time.

Sincerely,

Your name

Please tweet this to your following: #Wolves should not be killed to protect livestock grazing on #publiclands #StandForWolves Take Action by Nov 21: http://wp.me/p6o9qd-11O  Tweet4Wolves

 

“You may never know what results come of your actions, but if you do nothing, there will be no results.” ― Mahatma Gandhi

Copyright © 2016

[COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Wyoming Grazing Allotments in Prime Wolf and Grizzly Habitat

Livestock grazing is promoted, protected and subsidized by federal agencies on approximately 270 million acres of public land in the 11 western states. By destroying vegetation, damaging wildlife habitats and disrupting natural processes, livestock grazing wreaks ecological havoc on riparian areas, rivers, deserts, grasslands and forests alike — causing significant harm to species and the ecosystems on which they  depend.

 “Conservation can be defined as the wise use of our natural environment: it is, in the final analysis, the highest form of  national thrift—the prevention of waste and despoilment while preserving, improving and renewing the quality and usefulness of all our resources.”

President John F. Kennedy 
Conservation Message to Congress (1962)

Presently, Bridger-Teton National Forest permits allow more than 7,000 sheep and 15,000 cattle to graze public land in the Upper Green. The environmental planning document from the Forest Service, which would allow grazing in the area to continue for years to come, proposes to renew livestock grazing permits on 266 square miles of public forestland near the Upper Green River has been released to the public. 
The USDA Forest Service’s preferred plan calls for retaining grazing rights on all the acreage that is grazed today and slightly reducing the number of livestock allowed to 8,772 cow-calf pairs and yearling cattle. The Bridger-Teton’s proposal (alternative 3) which would reduce the authorized grazing season on four of six allotments, and add 7 miles of fence line is still a nightmare for wolves, grizzlies, the ecosystem and other wildlife.

Hardly an environmentally friendly plan.

Take a moment to comment against plans for the future of the massive grazing allotment complex, which is also prime wolf and grizzly habitat. The complex spans the entire* Bridger-Teton National Forest from north to south, spills into the Gros Ventre River drainage, and is an environmental disaster.

The Forest Service makes the outrageous claim that their proposal is a “livestock grazing strategy designed to maintain existing rangeland and riparian conditions where they meet desired conditions and improve rangeland and riparian conditions in areas of concern.”

The Upper Green rangeland is the most concentrated area for grizzly bear conflict in the entire Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. A year ago, 80 livestock were confirmed killed by the large carnivores, and five chronically depredating grizzlies were captured and killed in return. Numerous wolves have also been removed for the crime of consumption of the “wrong ungulate”.

Beyond the Fish and Wildlife-directed guidelines, the Bridger-Teton’s plan introduces no new required nonlethal techniques to stem grizzly-cattle conflict. Forest planners hope to finalize the document before the next grazing season, by which time grizzly bears may be managed by Wyoming.

Three other alternatives are included in the Bridger-Teton’s lengthy planning document.

One option would take “no action” and allow no livestock on the rangeland, and another would continue the grazing regime as it occurs today. A fourth alternative focuses on reducing damage to riparian areas from cattle grazing.

Comments on the BridgerTetons draft plans for the Upper Green rangeland are due by November 21st. More information can be found here.

Comment on The Upper Green River Area Rangeland #3049 project here

Read the alternative options here.

*The 323-square-mile public lands rangeland complex in the Upper Green is the largest grazing allotment in the U.S. Forest Service system. The draft plan includes grazing permits on 266 square miles of this area. 
*The allotments are the site of about 40 bear-livestock conflicts a year, according to Forest Service documents.

Before September 23rd 2014, when the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) delisting of wolves in Wyoming, life for a wolf was miserable, designated and “managed” as Trophy Game Animals in the Northwest
(just $18 for Wyoming residents to ‘bag their trophy”). In the rest of Wyoming, designated as Predatory Animals subject to an on-sight shooting policy, killed by any means, at any time, without a license. Should wolves lose their protected status in Wyoming, the species will be subject to this sort of mismanagement within the Bridger-Teton National Forest.

National Forests and Other Public Lands 
should not be managed for the profit margin of private businesses. Period.

The Forest Service allows people to enter into a publicly owned national forest to kill wolves, often without restrictions. Wildlife is one of the five purposes of the national forests under the Multiple Use Sustained Yield Act, and the Forest Service is obligated to manage for healthy, viable populations of wildlife under the National Forest Management Act and the agency’s own regulations.


Please take a few moments of your time to comment against livestock grazing in the Bridger-Teton National Forest.  Eliminating livestock grazing on this enormous allotment might possibly do more for grizzly bears and wolves than any other area in Wyoming.

Please select Alternative One ~ No Livestock Grazing
Under alternative one, livestock would no longer be permitted to graze in the six allotments on the Upper Green River project area. Livestock grazing would be eliminated and current term grazing permits would be cancelled. Livestock grazing would cease two years after notice of cancellation.

The animal and plant populations of the west evolved in an ecosystem that relied on a certain amount of grazing by native animal populations, but the level of grazing that accompanied the introduction of cattle in the last 300 years disrupts the symbiotic relationships of native plants and animals.

Send a tweet to your following:
Help save #Wyoming #wolves #grizzlies #wildlife Comment against largest @forestservice grazing allotments by 11/21 
http://wp.me/p6o9qd-11g Tweet this 

Talking points:

• Numerous studies have documented that the mere presence of domestic animals displaces native species.
  
• It is impossible to produce livestock in the west without a multitude of negative impacts including soil erosion and compaction, water pollution, the spread of invasive weeds, spread of disease from domestic animals to wildlife, changes in plant community structure, interruption of natural nutrient cycles, disruption of natural fire regimes, degradation of riparian zones (the majority of riparian areas on public lands are not what hydrologist’s term “proper functioning condition”).

• With livestock comes the removal of predators like wolves and grizzlies.

• With livestock comes the removal of “pests” such as prairie dogs, a competitor of livestock, which were reduced in population to less than 1 percent of their estimated pre-19th century numbers. Because prairie dogs share dependencies with approximately 200 other wildlife species of the prairie ecosystem, their decimation led to drastic declines in the populations of these other animals. Among them, none had been more adversely affected than the black-footed ferret. Once numbering in the tens of millions, by 1986 the species had dwindled to only 18 free-living individuals.

• The degradation and domestication of our public lands with fencing, water tanks, pipelines, and other infrastructure designed to make our public lands better “stock yards” for the benefit of the few ~ public lands ranchers. Livestock grazing infrastructure, commonly bought and paid for by the American tax-payer, has quite literally tamed the once wild West.  Hundreds of thousands of miles of fencing on public lands have obstructed natural wildlife movement the migration of native ungulates, which can lead to death during times of environmental stress, such as droughts and blizzards.
Water developments built to facilitate livestock use of public lands have dewatered springs, seeps, and streams which serve as critical habitats for a variety of wildlife across the West.

• There are very few places in the West where native ungulates like bighorn sheep, deer, and elk are at their true biological carrying capacity because the bulk of forage is allotted to domestic livestock. Overgrazing by cattle can literally extirpate native vegetation. In one study, scientists found that domestic livestock grazing consumed 88.8 percent of the available forage. Fewer elk, deer, pronghorn antelope, bighorn, and even bison, means that is that much less prey is available to sustain wolves, and other top predators.

•  In the United States, livestock grazing has contributed to the listing of 22 percent of federal threatened and endangered species—almost equal to logging (12 percent) and mining (11 percent) combined. Nationwide, livestock grazing is the 4th major cause of species endangerment and the 2nd major cause of endangerment of plant species. No other human activity in the West is as responsible for the decline or loss of species as is livestock production.

References and Related content:

Veterinarians in Wildlife and Ecosystem Health Excerpt

Public Lands Ranching

The  Case against Public Lands Livestock Production

No Such Thing As PredatorFriendly Beef 

16 wolves get death penalty for eating into Wyoming cattle rancher profits

3 wolves in problematic pack targeted after livestock loss

Why Wipe Wolves from Most of Wyoming

Wyoming Court Seeking Control of Wolves

Wolves, livestock clash all around Wyoming

Public Lands Grazing 

BTNF cuddles ranchers on Upper Green

Upper Green Grazing Analysis Out

Sierra Club’s Grazing Campaign 

Feature image by Christi Sabin.  All other photography by Chris Montano Jr.

Copyright © 2016 

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Save Norway’s Wolves Final Tweetstorm 

December 20, 2016 update:

BREAKING GOOD NEWS! 

Norwegian wolf culling cancelled! 

The Norwegian Minister of Climate and Environment, Vidar Helgesen, has overturned the decision to cull 2/3 of the Norwegian wolf population. The four wolf packs in Letjenna, Slettås, Kynna and Osdalen have been spared!


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Wolves are listed as “critically endangered” on the 2015 Norwegian list of endangered animals, yet Norway is planning to cull more than two-thirds of its remaining wolves — a move that will be disastrous for the dwindling members of the species in the wild. Under controversial plans as many as 47 wolves will be shot, from an estimated population of about 68 wolves which remain in the wilderness areas of Norway. The number of wolves the government plans to kill this year is greater than in any year since 1911. This is a continuation of our first and second  tweetstorms.


Please note that this tweet sheet contains all the tweets from our prior storms. Please close your twitter window and open this post on your browser for ease of tweeting.  As usual, the tweets are automated, to send your message just tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each tweet. Thank you for participating.

1. Tweetstorm #Wolves #Norway #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Please join and please RT  bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves  pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

2. #Norway green & humanitarian principles debased with proposed cull of 47 critically endangered #wolves #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

3. #Norway Grønne og humanitære prinsipper fornedret med foreslåtte cull av 47 kritisk truede #wolves
 #Verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

4. Culling 47 endangered #wolves cuts 2 the heart of Norway’s image as a broadminded, liberal, green nation. #Verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

5. Culling 47 truede #wolves kutter to hjertet av Norge image som en broadminded, liberal, grønn nasjon. #Verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

6. 80% of Norwegians, in urban & rural areas, want2 keep #wolves at healthy populations #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

7. 80% av nordmenn, i urbane og rurale områder, want2 holde #wolves på sunne bestander #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

8. Conservationists are fighting the government-sanctioned hunt: https://t.co/nkX0VP0DQb  #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

9. Naturvernere kjemper regjeringen sanksjonert jakt:https://t.co/nkX0VP0DQb  #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

10. .@erna_solberg #Wolves are crucial for  the ecosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/Fza1BwMdEh Tweet4Wolves

11. .@erna_solberg #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/nrkjYHNZKd Tweet4Wolves

12. .@VidarHelgesen #Wolves are crucial for  the ecosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/Fza1BwMdEh Tweet4Wolves

13.  .@VidarHelgesen #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/nrkjYHNZKd Tweet4Wolves

14. Please, promptly, send an automated email which can be found here: bit.ly/2cNRSR9 #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

15. Vær så snill, så raskt som mulig, send en automatisk e-post som du finner her:  bit.ly/2cNRSR9  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

16. Please sign this petition: bit.ly/2deokud
#verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

17. Vennligst signere denne underskriftskampanje, også: https://t.co/QGdel83Otx #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴 Tweet4Wolves  

18. Please sign this petition, also:  bit.ly/2crUKCR #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

19. Vennligst registrer dette oppropet, også: bit.ly/2crUKCR #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

20. And this petition, as well: bit.ly/2d2oQyY  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

21. Og denne bønnen, i tillegg: bit.ly/2d2oQyY
#verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

22. Tweetstorm  #Wolves #Norway
#verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves
Vennligst bli med og ta RT bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/nrkjYHNZKd Tweet4Wolves

23. Norwegian officials approved killing of 47 #wolves, 70% of the population-slated 4 extinction thru inbreeding #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

24. This proposed cull is indicative of the brutal treatment predators receive in Scandinavian countries! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

25. Denne foreslåtte cull er et tegn på den brutale behandlingen rovdyr får i skandinaviske land! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

26. Norway’s image as the saviour of the ecosystem is completely undermined by this slaughter of #wolves @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

27. #StandForWolves #SaveWolves #ProtectWolves Please #SaveOurWolves  @VidarHelgesen
pic.twitter.com/285vWRUgKT Tweet4Wolves

28. Norway’s image as the saviour of the ecosystem is completely undermined by this slaughter of #wolves @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves   Tweet4Wolves  

29. #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  Yearly over 2million sheep R released in2 forests & mountains of Norway without supervision… Tweet4Wolves

30. #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  Around 1,500 sheep, at the most, R killed by #wolves – farmers richly compensated for loss…  Tweet4Wolves 

31. .@VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg Far more sheep (over 100,000) die for other reasons yet the wolf is 2 blame? #SaveOurWolves No wolf hunt! Tweet4Wolves 

32. Pls consider the essentiality @erna_solbergbit.ly/2cKp1wt #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves 

pic.twitter.com/10KkB5DUur Tweet4Wolves

33. Pls consider the essentiality @VidarHelgesenbit.ly/2cKp1wt #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/10KkB5DUur Tweet4Wolves 

 34. Situation 4 #wolves in Norway is already grim. Wolves allowed to exist in just 1% of the country~designated a “wolf zone” #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

35. But once three pairs of wolves have bred, all the rest can be shot. Outrageous! #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves 

36. 68 or so #wolves is far from a genetically viable population. Slaughtering 47 = imminent extinction! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

37. 68 or so #wolves is far from a genetically viable population. Slaughtering 47 = imminent extinction! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg Tweet4Wolves

38. #Norway has a national and international responsibility of having a viable population of wolves @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

39. #Norway, home to a diversity of wildlife…or not. @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare 
pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves

40. Europe has an estimated population of 13,000 wolves, with about 400 in Scandinavia, just 68 in #Norway, 70% to B culled! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

41. #Norway compensates farmers richly 4 livestock losses due to wolves, creating an impetus for inflated depredation  numbers. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

42. In reality wolves are responsible for barely 2% of livestock loss in #Norway @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

43. The wolf is an enrichment 4many Norwegians who appreciate being able 2 experience nature in its full complexity #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

44. It seems that Norwegian farmers have a vendetta against wolves which isn’t rooted in fact, but rather fear & hate @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves 

45. Decision 2 cull 70% of Norway’s wolves cannot B consistent with the Berne Convention, Draft Act and Predators Regulations! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

46. Wolf population already small/critically endangered. 2 eradicate 70% of such a vulnerable species is shocking @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

47. Wolf population already small/critically endangered. 2eradicate 70% of such a vulnerable species is shocking @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

48. 1 of packs chosen 4extermination never attacked any livestock 4 the 4yrs it has lived in Letjenna, SW Norway! @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves 

49. 1 of the packs chosen 4 extermination never attacked any livestock for the 4yrs it has lived in Letjenna! @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

50. Norway considers a wolf population of 7 packs with just ONE reproductive couple “above the national population target”! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

51. Tweetstorm now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare #StandForWolves Please tweet this link 4 #Norway #wolves: bit.ly/2cWSoJi   Tweet4Wolves

52. Save The Endangered Norwegian Wolves! – Sign the Petition! https://t.co/BvozH9i2Ci 
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

53. La ulven leve! STOPP utrydningspolitikken NÅ!
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @erna_solbergpic.twitter.com/vTRn4ZSvNo   Tweet4Wolves

54. La ulven leve! STOPP utrydningspolitikken NÅ!
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @VidarHelgesen pic.twitter.com/vTRn4ZSvNo  Tweet4Wolves 

55. Let the wolf live! STOP extermination policy now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @NorwayUN 
pic.twitter.com/eiQhDCQS23 Tweet4Wolves

56. Ulven gjør naturen litt villere,
mer spennende og er med på å sikre artsmangfoldet i økosystemet#SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

57. Situasjonen 4 #wolves i #Norge er allerede dystre. Bare 1% av landet er utpekt en “ulv sone”, der dyrene er “lov” til å eksistere. Tweet4Wolves

 58. Men når tre par ulver har avlet, kan resten bli skutt. Opprørende! #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves

 59. 68 eller så #wolves er langt fra en genetisk levedyktig bestand. Slakting 47 = overhengende utryddelse! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

60. #Norge har et nasjonalt og internasjonalt ansvar for å ha en levedyktig bestand av ulv. #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

61. Norge, hjem til et mangfold av dyreliv … eller ikke.
#SaveOurWolves # Verdtåbevare @NorwayUN 
pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves

62. Europa har en anslått befolkning på 13.000 ulver, med ca 400 i Skandinavia, bare 68 i Norge, 70% til B avlives! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

63. Norge kompenserer bøndene rikt 4 tap av husdyr på grunn av ulv, og skaper en drivkraft for oppblåste rovdyrangrep tall. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

64. I virkeligheten ulvene er ansvarlig for knapt 2% av husdyr tap i #Norge @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

65. Ulven er en berikelse for mange nordmenn som setter pris på å være i stand til å oppleve naturen i sin fulle kompleksitet  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

66. Det virker som norske bønder har en vendetta mot ulver som ikke er forankret i virkeligheten, men snarere frykt og hat! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves 

67. Beslutningen om å kjøpe 70% Norges ulver kan ikke være i samsvar med Bernkonvensjonen, lovforslag og forskrifter Predators #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves  

68. Den ulvebestanden er allerede svært liten og kritisk truet. For å utrydde 70% av slike sårbare arter er sjokkerende. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves 

69. En av pakkene som er valgt for utryddelse har aldri angrepet noen husdyr for 4 år den har levd i Letjenna! @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves   

70. En av pakkene som er valgt for utryddelse har aldri angrepet noen husdyr for 4 år den har levd i Letjenna! @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

71. Norge vurderer en liten ulvebestanden av bare syv pakker med bare ett reproduktive par “over det nasjonale bestandsmålet”! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

72. Tweetstorm nå! #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare #StandForWolves Vennligst tweet denne linken 4 #Norge #wolves: bit.ly/2cWSoJi   Tweet4Wolves

73. Lagre de truede norske Wolves! – Signer oppropet! https://t.co/BvozH9i2Ci
#SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

74. Final tweetstorm now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare #SaveNorwayWolves Please join! bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/ExUDJpxGSq   Tweet4Wolves

75. Norwegian wolves wiped out in 1960. In 2016 government sanctioned slaughter=guaranteed extirpation…again. #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

76. Norske ulver utryddet i 1960. I 2016 regjeringen sanksjonert slakting = garantert ekstirpasjon…igjen. #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare    Tweet4Wolves

77. Recent research has shown that there is considerable poaching of wolves which will also seal their fate. @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

78. Nyere forskning har vist at det er betydelig krypskyting av ulv som også vil forsegle deres skjebne. @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

79. Before wolves were given legal protection in 1971, they had already been exterminated in Norway by relentless hunting… #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

80. Før ulver fikk rettsvern i 1971, hadde de allerede blitt utryddet i Norge etter nådeløs jakt #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

81. In fact, poaching is a dominating force of wolf mortality in #Norway #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/lkNUqFa2N5 Tweet4Wolves

82. Faktisk er krypskyting et dominerende kraft av ulv dødelighet i Norge #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/eiQhDCQS23   Tweet4Wolves

83. Illegal kills make it much more difficult to ensure sound management of the wolf population. No wolf hunt @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

84. Ulovlig dreper gjør det mye vanskeligere å sikre en forsvarlig forvaltning av ulvebestanden. Ingen ulv jakt @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

85. .@NorwayUN  Wolf is listed as critically endangered on the Norwegian Red List from 2015, yet Norway approves a drastic cull? #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

86. .@NorwayUN Wolf er oppført som kritisk truet på den norske rødlista fra 2015, men Norge godkjenner en drastisk cull?
#SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

87. As a keystone species, wolves play a unique and crucial role in the way an ecosystem functions! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

88. Som en hjørnestein arter, ulver spiller en unik og viktig rolle i måten en økosystemfunksjoner! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

89. #Wolves are indispensable apex predators with strong positive impacts on our ecosystems @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

90. #Wolves er uunnværlige apex rovdyr med sterke positive effekter på økosystemene våre @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

91. #Wolves are an “umbrella species” that positively represent the importance of wildness @erna_solberg #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

92. #Wolves are an “umbrella species” that positively represent the importance of wildness @VidarHelgesen  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

93. Protecting wolves indirectly protects the many other species that make up the ecological community of its habitat @NorwayUN  #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

94. Beskytte ulver indirekte beskytter de mange andre artene som utgjør den økologiske fellesskap av sitt leveområde @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

95. It is clear that wolves are indispensable apex predators with strong positive impacts on their ecosystems, @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

96. Det er klart at ulvene er uunnværlig apex rovdyr med sterke positive effekter på deres økosystemer @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves    Tweet4Wolves

97. Wolves have their own intrinsic value & were not placed on the earth 4 humans 2 use or abuse @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

98. Ulver har sin egenverdi og ble ikke satt på jorden 4 mennesker 2 Bruk eller misbruk @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

99. 2 share the landscape with large predators like wolves is part of living in a sustainable way @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

100. 2 share the landscape with large predators like #wolves is part of living in a sustainable way. @NorwayUN  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevareTweet4Wolves

101. .@VidarHelgesen “You can change the nature of the world pretty simply. All you do is get rid of one species.”~ Robert Paine #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

102. .@erna_solberg “Man kan endre innholdet av verden ganske enkelt. Alt du gjør er å kvitte seg med én art.”~Robert Paine #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

103. Our ability to co-exist on shared landscapes is crucial, these areas R vital to geographic distribution @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

104. Our ability to co-exist on shared landscapes is crucial, these areas R vital to geographic distribution @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

105. .@VidarHelgesen Co-Adaptation Is Key to Coexisting with Large Carnivores: bit.ly/2dscHE8  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

106. .@erna_solberg Co-Adaptation Is Key to Coexisting with Large Carnivores: bit.ly/2dscHE8  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

107. Protecting well being of wolves & their place in the landscape is a sign of moral maturation of our society @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

108. Beskytte velvære for ulver og deres plass i landskapet er et tegn på moralsk modning av vårt samfunn @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

109. Though population within wolf zone has increased since last year, attacks on livestock have almost halved! @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

110. Though population within wolf zone has increased since last year, attacks on livestock have almost halved! @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

111. Tweetstorm #Wolves #Norway #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Please join. Please RT bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/ExUDJpxGSq   Tweet4Wolves

 112. #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a   Tweet4Wolves     

113. .@VidarHelgesen Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock bit.ly/2bdbbnQ  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves  

113b. .@VidarHelgesen Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock   #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/WiCYpRrwSN   Tweet4Wolves

114. .@erna_solberg Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves  

114b. .@erna_solberg Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock  #SaveOurWolves    pic.twitter.com/WiCYpRrwSN Tweet4Wolves

115. .@VidarHelgesen Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ   #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

115b. .@VidarHelgesen Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/FTWXJIli40  Tweet4Wolves

116. .@erna_solberg Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

116b. .@erna_solberg Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr   #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/FTWXJIli40  Tweet4Wolves

117. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv   Tweet4Wolves  

118. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves  

119. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @NorwayUN pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv    Tweet4Wolves  

120. .@VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  #Norway Predators policy is as grim as a terrifying crime novel. #SaveOurWolves bit.ly/2dGGBTX   Tweet4Wolves

121. .@NorwayUN #Norway Predators policy is as grim as a terrifying crime novel.  bit.ly/2dGGBTX #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv   Tweet4Wolves

122. .@erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen Norwegians want a Disney nature void of “disturbing” predators. bit.ly/2dGGBTX  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

123. What about moral obligations @VidarHelgesen We have obligations to other creatures & a responsibility to coexist with them #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

124. What about moral obligations
@erna_solberg We have obligations to other creatures & a responsibility to coexist with them #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

125. Hva om moralske forpliktelser?  Vi har forpliktelser overfor andre skapninger og et ansvar for å eksistere sammen med dem #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

126. Other countries are proud of their predators. They are their national symbols. Here, in #Norway we want to eradicate them. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

127. Andre land er stolte av sine rovdyr. De er sine nasjonale symboler. Her i #Norge ønsker vi å utrydde dem @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

128. Andre land er stolte av sine rovdyr. De er sine nasjonale symboler. Her i #Norge ønsker vi å utrydde dem @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

129. It’s time to let nature be nature. Throughout Norway @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/1FutxxYajA   Tweet4Wolves

130. It’s time to let nature be nature. Throughout Norway @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/1FutxxYajA   Tweet4Wolves

131. Nature without predators isnt nature at all, only an unbalanced #ecosystem @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

132. Shame on #Norway @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN bit.ly/2cRiyjA #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/Kg7eJhJqXw   Tweet4Wolves

133. Skam på #Norge @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN bit.ly/2cRiyjA #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/qk90rAhK8S   Tweet4Wolves

134. Nature uten rovdyr isnt naturen i det hele tatt, bare en ubalansert #ecosystem @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

135. Evne til å sameksistere på delte landskapet er avgjørende, disse områdene R avgjørende 2geografisk fordeling @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

136. Evne til å sameksistere på delte landskapet er avgjørende, disse områdene R avgjørende 2geografisk fordeling @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

137. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature. No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv  Tweet4Wolves

138. It’s time to let nature be nature, throughout #Norway @VidarHelgesen    #SaveOurWolves the ethical imperative. pic.twitter.com/ztYMA26EEh   Tweet4Wolves

139. Outrageous that a mere 68 wolves cannot be allowed to live in a land of 5,287,553 people. #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

140. Opprørende at kun 68 ulver ikke kan få lov til å leve i et land med 5,287,553 mennesker. @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

141. It’s time to let nature be nature, throughout #Norway @erna_solberg     #SaveOurWolves the ethical imperative. pic.twitter.com/ztYMA26EEh   Tweet4Wolves

142. Outraged with Norway’s decision 2 destroy 70% of tiny population of wolves #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/rb94XdLHg4   Tweet4Wolves

143. Public outraged w/Norway’s decision 2 destroy 70% of its tiny endangered population of wolves, pls report @nytimes @NatGeo #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

144. #Norway 2 slaughter 47 from population of 68 wolves, biggest cull 4 almost a century, pls report @nytimes @NatGeo pic.twitter.com/rb94XdLHg4   Tweet4Wolves

145. #Norway culling 70% of #wolves undermines viability of the entire Norwegian wolf population! #VisitNorway #NoWay @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

146. The Slettåsen pack slated for a complete cull even though the wolves live within a designated wolf zone! #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

147. The Slettåsen pack slated for a complete cull even though the wolves live within a designated wolf zone @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

148. The Slettåsen pack slated for a complete cull even though the wolves live within a designated wolf zone @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

149. The Slettåsen pack is of genetic importance @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a   Tweet4Wolves

150. Lack of a science & professionalism is obvious @VidarHelgesen nevermind a compassionate approach! #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/PRggSLXmOa   Tweet4Wolves

151. Mangelen på en vitenskapelig og profesjonell tilnærming er åpen @VidarHelgesen eller et medfølende tilnærming! #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

152. Lack of a science & professionalism is obvious @erna_solberg nevermind a compassionate approach! #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/PRggSLXmOa  Tweet4Wolves

153. Mangelen på en vitenskapelig og profesjonell tilnærming er åpen @erna_solberg eller et medfølende tilnærming! #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

154. Green party members have been excluded from the predator management board! Shame on Norway @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

155. Green party members have been excluded from the predator management  board! Shame on Norway @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

156. Grønne partimedlemmer har blitt ekskludert fra rovdyr ledelsen! Skam på Norge @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/9tgIKPQ76A   Tweet4Wolves

157.#StandForWolves #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare We are disgusted with the wolf cull. #VisitNorway #NoWay pic.twitter.com/EIxheyos1w   Tweet4Wolves

158. #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @NorwayUN @NorwayMFA We are disgusted with the wolf cull. #VisitNorway #NoWay pic.twitter.com/1QVd1MrUUI   Tweet4Wolves

159. #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg
#VisitNorway #NoWay pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

160. You are punishing the wolf for following its natural instincts @VidarHelgesen
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/LsnXGjbZJ8  Tweet4Wolves

The next 2 tweets are VIDEO TWEETS, please be patient as they may require a few seconds to load:

161. #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴
#verdtåbevare #Norway #StandForWolves #wolves #ulvensdag @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen
pic.twitter.com/h6w9Rc4mFh  Tweet4Wolves

162. #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴
#verdtåbevare #Norway #StandForWolves #wolves #ulvensdag @NorwayUN  @NorwayMFA @visitnorway
pic.twitter.com/h6w9Rc4mFh  Tweet4Wolves

☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆

163. Nature uten rovdyr er ikke naturen i det hele tatt, bare en ubalansert #økosystem  @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

164. Slaughtering a pack which did no harm is killing for its own sake – morally indefensible! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare @VidarHelgesen  Tweet4Wolves

165. Slakting en pakke som gjorde ingen skade er drap for sin egen skyld-moralsk uholdbar! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare @VidarHelgesen
Tweet4Wolves

166. The Norwegian buhund, with very strong guarding instincts is an excellent alternative to lethal measures! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare Tweet4Wolves

167. Den norsk buhund, med svært sterk, og bevist, vokter instinktene er et utmerket alternativ til dødelige tiltak! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare
Tweet4Wolves

168. Swedish farmers are refused compensation if their sheep are not adequately protected – Norway should follow! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare  Tweet4Wolves

169. I Sverige er bønder nektet kompensasjon hvis deres sauer ikke er tilstrekkelig beskyttet-Norge bør følge! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare  Tweet4Wolves

170. #Wolves feed mainly on moose & roe deer, thus contributing to keeping prey populations in balance with their food base. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

171. Ulver fôret hovedsakelig på elg og rådyr, og dermed bidra til å holde byttedyrbestandene i balanse med sin mat base. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

172. Documentation notes loss to predators is mainly due to the lack of existing fences: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

173. Documentation notes loss to predators is mainly due to the lack of existing fences: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

174. Dokumentasjon notater tap til rovdyr hovedsakelig på grunn av manglende gjerder: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

175. Dokumentasjon notater tap til rovdyr hovedsakelig på grunn av manglende gjerder: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

176. Attacks on livestock can be reduced by using protective measures: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

177. Attacks on livestock can be reduced by using protective measures: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

178. Angrep på husdyr kan reduseres ved hjelp av beskyttelsestiltak: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

179. Angrep på husdyr kan reduseres ved hjelp av beskyttelsestiltak: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

180.  2 avoid abuse of compensation, it should B required that protective measures 2 prevent attacks R implemented @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

181. 2 avoid abuse of compensation, it should B required that protective measures 2 prevent attacks R implemented @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

182. Eco-tourism provides an alternative, non-lethal, way of exploiting wolves. #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

183. Eco-tourism provides an economic benefit to local communities from wolf presence @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

184. What happened to the “strategic plan to halt biodiversity loss” @NorwayMFA @NorwayUN @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg
#SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

185. For å unngå misbruk av kompensasjon, bør det være nødvendig at vernetiltak for å hindre angrep er implementert @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

186. For å unngå misbruk av kompensasjon, bør det være nødvendig at vernetiltak for å hindre angrep er implementert @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

187. Øko-turisme er et alternativ, ikke-dødelige, måte å utnytte ulver. #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

188. Øko-turisme gir en økonomisk fordel for lokalsamfunnene fra ulv nærvær @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

189. Hva skjedde med “strategisk plan for å stanse tap av biologisk mangfold” @NorwayMFA @NorwayUN @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg
#SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

190. Norwegian ideal is landscape completely bereft of predators, only humans are allowed to kill anything. #SaveOurWolves #VisitNorway #NoWay  Tweet4Wolves

191. The harsh policies against Norwegian predators are mirrored in how other animals are treated. Shame on #Norway #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

192. Norway has long championed large scale hunting of all of its endangered mainland predators. Disgraceful! #VisitNorway #NoWay    Tweet4Wolves

193. Norske ideelle er landskapet helt blottet for rovdyr, er bare mennesker lov til å drepe noe. #SaveOurWolves #VisitNorway #NoWay
Tweet4Wolves

194. De harde politikk mot norske rovdyr speiles i hvordan andre dyr blir behandlet. Skam på Norge #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

195. Norge har lenge kjempet for storskala fangst av alle sine truede fastlandet rovdyr. Skammelig! #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

196. Welcome 2 #Norway: country with consistent policy & culture of hunting species 2 brink of extinction. #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

197. Øko-turisme gir en økonomisk fordel for lokalsamfunnene fra ulv nærvær @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

198. Eco-tourism provides an economic benefit 2 local communities from wolf presence @erna_solberg   #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK         Tweet4Wolves

199. Eco-tourism provides an alternative, non-lethal, way of exploiting wolves. #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

200. (Video tweet) #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴
#verdtåbevare #Norway #StandForWolves #SaveWolves  #wolves #iamessential pic.twitter.com/FAK7KfeFlB 
Tweet4Wolves

Thankyou to all who participated, your voice makes a difference! Awareness is key to change. 

#SaveOurWolves🇳🇴

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Anti-Environmental Poison Pill Riders

Two Political Trainwrecks in the Making.

And they’re off! Last week, the House and Senate Appropriations Committees finished work on their respective versions of the federal spending bill that funds the Department of the Interior, the EPA and the U.S. Forest Service. Both bills are loaded with ideological riders that would block or eliminate protections for our air, water, climate, public health, endangered species, forests and other public lands.

A rider is a provision that either makes a change in law directly or, more commonly, prohibits an agency from using its funds to carry out specific duties under a law or rule. One example would be a rider that prevents the EPA from setting or enforcing limits on air pollution from power plants. Another rider might stop the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from protecting certain creatures as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.

The House Appropriations Committee imbedded nearly 40 anti-environmental riders into its spending bill before it was voted out of the committee on June 15. It now includes riders that would remove Endangered Species Act protections from wolves in Wyoming and the upper Midwest and deny farmworkers the right to grant a family member, physician or labor representative access to information on pesticides they have been exposed to. Riders in the bill would also block new national monument designations, the president’s Clean Power Plan to reduce carbon pollution from power plants and the Clean Water Rule that protects the drinking water of one in three Americans. In addition, riders in the bill seek to stop the implementation of a 2015 rule to reduce smog nationwide, as well as an effort by the Department of the Interior to control air pollution from offshore oil development.

The Senate Appropriations Committee passed its spending bill on June 16. It too contains more than a dozen anti-environmental riders. It has riders that seek to undermine public involvement and environmental impact analysis of logging projects in national forests. Its riders would also prevent the Obama administration from reducing old-growth logging in Alaska’s Tongass National Forest. Also included are riders to stop the Department of the Interior’s work on a rule to protect streams from mountaintop removal coal mining and to keep mining companies from having to foot the bill for the future hazardous waste contamination that they cause. The bill, with its riders, would also prevent the government from carrying out endangered species protections for the lesser prairie chicken, and it contains the wolf delisting and Clean Water Rule riders as well.

As they left for their July 4th recess House leadership said they intended to bring this spending bill to the House floor early next month, where even more bad riders are likely to be added. It is doubtful the Senate can bring its bill to the floor before the fiscal year ends on September 30. However, all of these poison pill riders will be poised to be part of the year-end, back-room mudwrestling that will occur after the November elections when Congress tries pass a single measure to fund the government.

Between now and then it’s vital that our elected officials understand the American public does not support these back-door assaults on our air, water, climate, workers, wildlife and public lands. The job of Congress is to fund the government, not craft sweetheart riders for polluters.

Written by Martin Hayden, Earthjustice  Vice President, Policy & Legislation

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Take a moment of your time to oppose H.R. 5538 (Department of Interior, Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations Act) here via popvox.

Also stand opposed to S. 3068 (the Senate version of this appropriations bill) here, via popvox.

You may also contact your elected officials easily through democracy.io here.

Tell your elected officials that you are opposed to riders that would remove protections from wolves, block or eliminate protections for our air, water, climate, public health, endangered species, forests and other public lands.

Please be sure that you have signed these petitions:

Stop 30 plus deadly riders from unraveling environmental protections, from Earthjustice: Sign this.

Help shut down Congress’ sneak attack on wolves via NRDC: Sign this

Protect Wolves from Congressional Attacks via Endangered Species Coalition:  Sign this and this.

Protect the ESA From Political Attacks via Earthjustice:  Sign this

Stop this anti-wildlife assault on Capitol Hill, new petition from Defenders: Sign this

Photos with permission by Chris Montano Jr.

The Silencing of Nature: Sixth Extinction

Complex animal life evolved sometime over 500 million years ago. Since that time, life has continually evolved into different groupings of strange and diverse forms. Today, however, is a unique and unprecedented instant during this extraordinarily long history of life. Never before has there been a creature such as us—a being with the ability to rapidly and radically change the world. Only those who are blind to Nature can look around and not see catastrophe as growing thousands of species are pushed into the dawnless night of extinction.
“In the half a billion years of complex life, geology reveals five mass extinctions. All were caused by the smash of big extraterrestrial bodies into Earth or by stupendous geological forces. Biologists and conservationists call today’s extinction the Sixth Great Extinction in light of its magnitude. This extinction stands apart, though, because cosmic or geological forces do not cause it.
It has a biological cause.
One species.
Us.
Homo sapiens.
Due to its cause, and heeding our moral compass and sense of justice, perhaps we should not call today’s ecological crisis the “Sixth Mass Extinction.” Rather, we perhaps should call it the First Mass Murder of Life.

Never before has a single species escaped out of the confines of its ecosystems to become a global, geological force and then to spread across Earth to almost every ecosystem, and then remake and in many cases waste those ecosystems. Never before has a single species consumed so much of the rest of life into itself.
Never before has the population of a single species exploded instantaneously across the globe.
We have erupted like the burning cinders and poisonous gases of a giant volcano and now cover Earth” ~ From the Rewilding Institute .

The Silencing of Nature: Sixth Extinction:

 

 To get involved with helping endangered species, deepen your knowledge of environmental atrocities, and find ways in which you can help protect our planet and co-inhabitants, please see this list of helpful links:

Earthjustice

National Resources Defense Council

Greenpeace

Climate Network

Rainforest Action Network

IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature

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Sumatran Elephant, critically endangered. Over two-thirds of Sumatra’s natural lowland forest has been razed, cutting this elephant’s habitat by 70%. Only approximately 2,400 remain.

 The production of meat and other animal products places a heavy burden on the environment – from crops and water required to feed the animals, to the transport and other processes involved from farm to fork. The vast amount of grain feed required for meat production is a significant contributor to deforestation, habitat loss and species extinction.

Take extinction off your plate . By eating less meat and more fruit and vegetables, the world could prevent several million deaths per year by 2050, cut planet-warming emissions substantially, save billions of dollars annually in healthcare costs and climate damage, and spare countless animals from unnecessary suffering.

Consider a  vegan lifestyle.

Connect with Anthropocene: The Sixth Extinction on YoutubeFacebook, and Twitter.

Climate change/Wildfire map

 Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The Wolves of Isle Royale: Genetic Rescue or Sacrificial Lamb

“The “natural” assumption. 
Most people who are familiar at all with Isle Royale assume that the national park’s famous populations of wolves and moose are “natural” residents of the archipelago. Thus, the impending decision of what to do if wolves became extirpated on Isle Royale seems to be an
easy managerial one: replacement wolves should be brought in. But a historical view of major mammals on Isle Royale in the last hundred years reveals a much more complicated situation.

The first major published study on the wolves and moose of Isle Royale (The Wolves of Isle Royale), makes this very point. An astounding discovery made in a summary table of the “History of Isle Royale Mammals”  shows that all the large mammals on Isle Royale have changed in the 20th century. Coyotes and lynx have gone and wolves appeared. Woodland caribou were extirpated and moose arrived and have become the dominant herbivore. Red fox arrived circa 1925…Otter were missing for much of the 20th century but now are quite common. And a little earlier, in the late 1800s, beaver were nearly extirpated. This radical composition turnover may be an effect of island biogeography. One
primary indication of island biogeography is that the island(s) being studied have only a subset of the animals and plants found on the nearest mainland. Island biogeography also
routinely maps species turnover on islands, as species “wink out” and different ones “wink in.” But also quite often a species winks out and then recolonizes on its own, as happened
with otter and beaver at Isle Royale.
This fact of potential periodic and extensive change needs to be built into any discussions of augmenting wolf numbers in the near term. We need to acknowledge the possibility that the winking out of wolves on Isle Royale might be a natural phenomenon of island biogeography. But unfortunately, our yardstick for making such decisions is compromised: what appears to be the natural island fauna in the 20th century is actually a chimera, greatly altered
by human actions…”

Should we intervene…  
Is it a succession of human actions—inadvertent intervention to be sure—that has had a direct role in wolves “naturally” appearing on Isle Royale. Even if moose and wolves had arrived on Isle Royale as a very direct consequence of human action, does that change the question of whether we should intervene to maintain the wolf population in the national park? For comparison, neither wolves nor moose are present on Michipicoten Island, an archipelago in northeastern Lake Superior that is similar in distance from the mainland as is Isle Royale. Due north of Isle Royale, and much closer to the mainland, wolves made it to the Slate Islands, hunted woodland caribou, and then left in the 1990s. Could the arrival of moose and wolves on Isle Royale be more an aberration than an inevitable event? Furthermore, if recent immigrants to the park were aided directly or indirectly by human actions, does that make them “exotic species” as defined by NPS management policies? NPS defines exotic species as those “that occupy or could occupy park lands directly or indirectly as the result of deliberate or accidental human activities….” The newly crafted resource management recommendation for the NPS, Revisiting Leopold: Resource Stewardship in the National Parks, is written, in part, as a policy response to the array of environmental changes, such as climate change, that are confronting national parks. The report calls for an expanded scientific capacity to guide resource management “to steward NPS resources for continuous change that is not yet fully understood, in order to preserve ecological integrity….” Wolves are clearly native to the region, but perhaps not to Isle Royale. Might their indigenousness to the region and their place in the ecological process in the region outweigh their potential non-native history on Isle Royale? Because wolves are part of a “largely self-sustaining and self-regulating” Isle Royale ecosystem, should we overlook their questionable “natural” tenure? If so, we should at least make this decision transparently. Intervention can be an important tool to maintain a park’s ecological resiliency. But “intervention” as a concept exists on a continuum of human actions that range from unintended consequences (wolf trapping on Ontario) to intervention (radio collaring of wolves and moose on Isle Royale, closures of zones to protect denning areas, closure of the park to dogs and cats) to intentional manipulation (the introduction of the Detroit Zoo wolves).
A historical view of Isle Royale’s mammalian history suggests there are both known and likely unknown limits to species persistence through time. It is likely that many animal species’ tenure on the island is episodic, ranging from a single colonizations of short duration to
persistence lasting decades. It may not always be anthropogenic forces that result in a species winking out or another winking in; an example is the episodic presence of sharptail grouse at Isle Royale.

A historical view of the relatively short and possibly atypical residence of wolves suggests the proposed reintroduction could become a recurring need to sustain the health and persistence of the population. Do we want to reintroduce wolves to Isle Royale National Park every 50 or so years?
To further explore how much intervention is appropriate, it’s useful to turn to a long-used Isle Royale metaphor, namely, that the national park is an “outdoor laboratory.” Vucetich et al. are proposing a level of intervention for wolves which bespeaks of the park as more of a laboratory. If intervention is too frequent, then Isle Royale stops having the feel of an outdoor laboratory, and its wilderness character is diminished to boot. Periodic interventions would run counter to one component of the Wilderness Act, namely, that “the imprint of man’s work” must be “substantially unnoticeable.” But Isle Royale has not been unimpacted for quite some time. Regional, national, and global impacts have greatly altered the naturalness of the Isle Royale lands and waters, even if the results are sometimes hard to see (source).

20120316_isleroyalemoose_33.jpg
Moose on Isle Royale, Michigan. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Michigan Tech University, Rolf Peterson)

 And what about the moose (the primary food source for Isle Royale wolves) which tend to become infested with an astounding number of ticks at one time. Thanks to global warming, one animal which typically can get 30,000 ticks in normal fall weather conditions, now contends with as many as 160,000 ticks during warmer winters and in years with a late first snowfall. The eventual result for heavily tick infested moose is malnutrition and death; a high number of ticks is “almost a death sentence” for calves because they can lose their entire blood supply over just a few months. Climate change magnifies the tick problem because the pests live longer and reproduce in greater numbers if there’s less snow on the ground by spring. Source

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, moose lived longer and gave birth to more calves as predation was down due to a steep decline in wolf survival. The moose population nearly tripled to almost 2,400 by 1996. During the winter of 1996, lack of forage for the moose, an outbreak of moose ticks , and severe winter all conspired against the moose. The winter had been more severe than any in over a century. The moose population collapsed from its all-time high to just 500 moose. The next year, during the winter of 1997, a wolf from Canada immigrated to Isle Royale. He crossed on an ice bridge that now rarely forms between Isle Royale and Canada, and revitalized the wolf population’s genetic diversity. Living in three packs, with 30 individuals, the wolves had been “thriving” until 2006. But with moose becoming increasingly rare (weakened by heat and ticks, fueling high rates of predation, moose dropped to their lowest observed levels) capturing food become increasingly difficult. One wolf pack failed after another. By 2011, the population was reduced to 9 wolves living in one pack and another half dozen wolves, the socially disorganized remnants of another pack (Source). As many as 50 wolves once roamed the island, though scientists think 25 is a more reasonable baseline number,  according to the Wildlife News. Since scientists began keeping records in 1973, ice accumulation in the Great Lakes has declined by over 70 percent, an ice bridge may only form once every 15 years. With Lake Superior warming faster than any large lake on the planet, any hope of a “natural” genetic rescue disappears. John Vucetich, a researcher on the island, asserts that a genetic rescue is critical — not only for animals, but for the entire Isle Royale ecosystem, designated a protected biosphere reserve in 1981 for its pristine lake forest wilderness. “What is really important here is not the presence of wolves, per se,” Vucetich said. “But the wolves need to be able to perform their ecological function — predation. Predation has been essentially nil for the past four years now, and has led to a 22% increase in the moose population for each of the past four years.” This increase has brought the island population of moose up from 500 to 1,200 compromising the ecosystem integrity (An individual moose consumes up to 40 pounds of vegetation a day).

Bring in the wolves…problem solved…or not.

The wolves populated Isle Royale around 1949, and were believed to have been basically isolated ever since, comprised typically of just a couple dozen wolves. Small, isolated populations of wildlife never fare well and always exhibit high rates of inbreeding. The deleterious effects of inbreeding begin to become evident at a COI (coefficient of inbreeding) of about 5%. At a COI of 10%, there is significant loss of vitality in the offspring as well as an increase in the expression of deleterious recessive mutations. The combined effects of these make 10% the threshold of the “extinction vortex” – the level of inbreeding at which smaller litters, higher mortality, and expression of genetic defects have a negative effect on the size of the population, and as the population gets smaller the rate of inbreeding goes up, resulting in a negative feedback loop that eventually drives a population to extinction.

“Fragmentation of natural habitats is associated with population declines of many species. The resulting small and isolated populations are threatened by extinction for several reasons. Such populations are more vulnerable to demographic and environmental stochasticity. They also face several genetic threats. First, due to restricted mating opportunities, inbreeding becomes more likely. Second, if populations remain small and isolated for many generations, they lose genetic variation necessary to respond to environmental challenges (random fixation or loss of alleles through genetic drift). Third, unfavourable mutations are
expected to accumulate because selection operates less efficiently in small populations. Of these processes, inbreeding poses a more immediate threat, whereas
genetic drift and mutation accumulation affect the population in the long term. Environmental, demographic and genetic factors can interact and reinforce each other in a downward spiral, an extinction vortex.”  BMC Evolutionary Biology

 

“For many decades, the wolves of Isle Royale had been taken as an example of a very small, isolated and highly inbred population which showed no signs of inbreeding depression, the negative impact of inbreeding. But we had it wrong, very wrong. In fact, the population dynamics of Isle Royale wolves have been affected by genetic processes in ways that have been as important as they are subtle.

In 2009, with the help of Jannike Räikkönen, an expert in Canid anatomy from the Swedish National Museum, we systematically inspected the skeletal remains from 50, or so, Isle Royale wolves that had been collected over the past five decades. A surprising number of these wolves suffered from several different kinds of congenital malformity in the spine… A particular kind of deformity, known as a lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV), is particularly well studied in dogs and wolves. Among healthy, outbred populations LSTV occurs in one out of a 100 wolves. On Isle Royale, a third of the wolves suffered from this malformity.

Not only did Isle Royale wolves exhibit LSTV at a high rate, but the rate of malformities had once been relatively low and increased over the decades…”.  John A. Vucetich

Learn more about Congenital defects in a highly inbred wild wolf population
(Canis lupus) here.

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Cause for alarm.

Obviously an isolated and small population of wolves is a bottleneck leading to extinction due to lack of genetic diversity. Without continuous human intervention this will be the case for any wolves brought to Isle Royale in the future, and, as the isolated species spirals downward to the extinction vortex there comes a great deal of suffering due to genetic deformities. The deterioration of the animal takes its toll; one female wolf on Isle Royale died during childbirth when her uterus quit working, trapping the pups inside her while she bled to death. The young wolf pictured here, presumed 

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dead, certainly experienced a miserable short existence (I, myself can hardly bear to look at this poor deformed animal). And what of the food supply? As I mentioned earlier the moose population was near 2,400 in 1996, but plummeted in just one year to 500 animals due to an outbreak of moose ticks and a severe winter. When moose became increasingly rare in 2006, with a population of a little over 500, capturing food become increasingly difficult for the wolves.. “One wolf pack failed after another, with the population reduced by half.” The 1,250 moose presently on Isle Royale, weakened from the effects of climate change, can easily be devoured by a couple of dozen wolves and “wink out” leaving the wolves without a key and primary food source.

So, should wolves be reintroduced to Isle Royale?
Really this is a difficult question. For the sake of the ecosystem, then yes, perhaps the wolves should be reintroduced. But what about the wolves… One aspect in all this discussion needs to be the welfare of the wolves captured for augmentation. Wolves for re-introduction on Isle Royale would have to be sourced from multiple populations to give an initial genetic diversity. More wolves would possibly have to be added later to maintain this genetic diversity and prevent inbreeding.
Then, there is the physical collection of wolves which would pose difficulties and is likely to result in some deaths. Would they be collected by trapping, snaring or be incapacitated by dart from a helicopter?
During the collection of animals for the Yellowstone re-introduction programme at least 10 wolves died early in the process through trapping and snaring and at least one died during incapacitation from the helicopter. Perhaps techniques have evolved and improved since then, but some losses would almost certainly occur.

Removal of the alpha animals from a pack would cause huge upheaval, and studies show that it would almost certainly lead to the dissolution of the pack. Packs that may have been in existence for generations could literally be wiped out by the removal of perhaps just one animal (Learn more here).
Wolves may also attempt to make their way back to their own territories. Relocation of wolves in Alaska’s Denali National Park has led to them returning hundreds of miles to their previous locations. Obviously wolves reintroduced to Isle Royale would be unable to do that, but the instinct to return home could, to say the least, be troubling for them.
For the wolves sake, perhaps reintroduction is not a good idea.

The National Parks Service would like to hear from you. Last year the National Park Service (NPS) began considering a broad range of management actions as part of determining how to manage the moose and wolf populations at Isle Royale National Park for at least the next 20 years. Following public comments and additional internal deliberations, the NPS determined that it will revise and narrow the scope of the EIS to focus on the question of whether to bring wolves to Isle Royale National Park in the near term, and if so, how to do so.

Revised preliminary draft alternative concepts have been included in a public scoping newsletter, which is available online at http://parkplanning.nps.gov/ISROwolves.  As a result of the revised scope, the NPS is offering an additional public comment period that will close 30 days after an amended notice of intent is published in the Federal Register. All comments already submitted have been posted online, however, NPS welcomes additional input at this time.  If you would like to submit additional comments for consideration, you must submit written comments online at http://parkplanning.nps.gov/ISROwolves or mail: Isle Royale National Park, 800 East Lakeshore Drive, Houghton, Michigan 49931-1896   or hand deliver them to the park. Comment period was originally to close May 16, 2016 at 11:59 PM Mountain Time, but has been extended. The comment period now closes Jul 06, 2016 at 11:59 PM Mountain Time.

Researchers would love to prolong their studies of the predator-prey system on Isle Royale.

I, myself, would like to see an end to the suffering. Perhaps the moose population should be controlled with PZP.

Related content: My Name is Rolf

Featured image: Ian McAllister

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