Category Archives: Science

Tweet4Wolves Page Two: Stop H.J.Resolution 69 

This is a continuation of our first page of tweets to Stop #HJResolution69. If you have not sent off the first set of tweets they can be located here. Between the two sheets, we have 352 tweets.

For ease of tweeting follow these instructions: Close your twitter window and open this post on your browser, do not tweet from the facebook app. Tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each message and your tweet will be automatically sent. For those of you experiencing trouble with the automatic return to sheet after each tweet, please know that I have done everything possible on this website to correct this problem. This is a difficult task as I am experiencing no trouble sending tweets on my browser (chrome). I have isolated the tweet message which should make it easier for those of you reduced to ‘cut and paste’ tweets. Feel free to add images to the tweets except where noted. Adding images as a link removes 23 characters from the message, adding images when you post your tweet removes zero characters, so I will leave that to you. Help yourself to any images here or from the Facebook event. Thank you for participating. 

Video Tweets (continuation):

20. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @amyklobuchar @SenFranken  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

Tweet4Wolves 

21. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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22. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @clairecmc @RoyBlunt pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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23. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorTester @SteveDaines pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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24. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorFischer @SenSasse pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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25. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @lisamurkowski @sendansullivan  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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26. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #Alaska #PublicLands @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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27. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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28. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

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29. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateDems @SenateGOP   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

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30. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @repdonyoung pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

Tweet4Wolves or * Tweet🐥This

31. #SJResolution18 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @sendansullivan pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

Tweet4Wolves or Tweet🐥This

32. #SJResolution18 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @lisamurkowski pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

Tweet4Wolves or Tweet🐥This

33. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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34. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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35. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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36. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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37. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship #PublicLands #Alaska @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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38. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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39. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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40. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska  @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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41. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune      pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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42. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship #PublicLands #Alaska @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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43. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn         pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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44. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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45. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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46. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @timkaine @MarkWarner  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

Tweet4Wolves 

47. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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48. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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49. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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50. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

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51. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

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52. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska  @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

Tweet4Wolves 

154. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

Tweet4Wolves              

155. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

Tweet4Wolves    

156. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  Stop #HJResolution69  

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157. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

Tweet4Wolves   

158. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

159. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer

Tweet4Wolves                

160. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska  @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer 

Tweet4Wolves    

161. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves  

162. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer 

Tweet4Wolves    

163. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

164. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr

Tweet4Wolves               

165. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska  @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr 

Tweet4Wolves     

166. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves  

167. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr

Tweet4Wolves  

168.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr  Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

169.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorHeitkamp  @SenJohnHoeven

Tweet4Wolves                

170.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven

Tweet4Wolves     

171.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

172.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven 

 Tweet4Wolves

173.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

174.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman

Tweet4Wolves                

175.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman

Tweet4Wolves     

176.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves  

177.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman 

Tweet4Wolves 

 178.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

 179.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

Tweet4Wolves                 

180.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

Tweet4Wolves     

181.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford Stop #HJResolution69

 Tweet4Wolves 

182.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford 

Tweet4Wolves

183.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

184. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden

Tweet4Wolves                  

185. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden 

Tweet4Wolves    

186. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

187. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden

Tweet4Wolves  

 188. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

189. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves                   

190. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves      

191. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

192. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves   

193. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

194. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

Tweet4Wolves                   

195. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

Tweet4Wolves      

196. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

197. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

Tweet4Wolves   

198. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

199. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

Tweet4Wolves                   

200. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

Tweet4Wolves 


Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

P. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @CoryBooker @SenatorMenendez @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer  

Tweet4Wolves 

Q. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

Tweet4Wolves  

R. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall

 Tweet4Wolves 

S. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman@SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed 

Tweet4Wolves 

T. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

Tweet4Wolves 

U. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden  @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

Tweet4Wolves 

V. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker 

Tweet4Wolves 

W. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves 

X. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves 

Y. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @timkaine @MarkWarner @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell 

Tweet4Wolves 

Z. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves 

201. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @LindseyGrahamSC  @SenatorTimScott Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

202. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoGmember Stop #HJResolution69 @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

Tweet4Wolves   

203. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

204. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

Tweet4Wolves                    

205. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

Tweet4Wolves        

206. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

207. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

Tweet4Wolves   

208. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

209. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

Tweet4Wolves                     

210. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

Tweet4Wolves        

211. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

212. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

Tweet4Wolves     

213. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Stop #HJResolution69 

Tweet4Wolves 

214. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves                      

215. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves        

216. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

217. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

Tweet4Wolves     

218. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

219. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

Tweet4Wolves                       

220. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

Tweet4Wolves        

221. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

222. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

Tweet4Wolves     

223. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

224. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves                       

225. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves        

226. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

227. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

Tweet4Wolves     

228. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

229. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @timkaine @MarkWarner

Tweet4Wolves                        

230. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @timkaine @MarkWarner

Tweet4Wolves        

231. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @timkaine @MarkWarner Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

232. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @timkaine @MarkWarner 

Tweet4Wolves    

233. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @timkaine @MarkWarner Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

234. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

Tweet4Wolves                         

235. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

Tweet4Wolves       

236. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

237. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

Tweet4Wolves    

238. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

239. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

Tweet4Wolves                         

240. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

Tweet4Wolves       

241. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

242. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito 

Tweet4Wolves    

243. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves 

244. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

Tweet4Wolves 

245. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

Tweet4Wolves 

246. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

247. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

Tweet4Wolves     

248. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

249. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves 

250. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves 

251. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves  

252. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

Tweet4Wolves    

253. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi  Stop #HJResolution69

Tweet4Wolves

This is a continuation of our first page of tweets to Stop #HJResolution69. If you have not sent off the first set of tweets they can be located here.

*The 3 tweets marked “Tweet🐥This” are a sample from a third tweet caster which I am testing.

Copyright © 2017  [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Tweet4Wolves-Stop H.J.Resolution 69

Please join our tweetstorm which begins February 27th at 10:00 a.m. eastern time. 

For ease of tweeting follow these instructions: Close your twitter window (not account). Open this post on your browser. Tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each message and your tweet will be automatically sent.  Do not tweet from the facebook app! 

1. Stop #HJResolution69 which sanctions #AnimalCruelty on wildlife refuges in #Alaska @lutherstrange @senshelby pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE  Tweet4Wolves 

2.  Stop #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands on #Alaska Refuges @lutherstrange @senshelby pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE  Tweet4Wolves 

3. Protecting #wildlife from inhumane cruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one. Stop #HJResolution69 pic.twitter.com/ax0RSkoNgM Tweet4Wolves 

4. Stop #HJResolution69 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateDems @SenateGOP pic.twitter.com/CLnM4b0GbV Tweet4Wolves 

5. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @lutherstrange @senshelby  Tweet4Wolves 

6. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science & ethical standards @lutherstrange @senshelby Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves  

7. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”-BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @lutherstrange @senshelby Tweet4Wolves 

8. Protecting #wildlife from inhumane cruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @lutherstrange @senshelby Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

 9. Stop #HJResolution69 and #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on our #PublicLands in #Alaska pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves

10. Stop #HJResolution69 and #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves 

11. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves  

12. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science & ethical standards @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

13. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves 

14. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves 

15. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @sentomcotton @johnboozman Tweet4Wolves 

16. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sentomcotton @johnboozman Tweet4Wolves 

17. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science & ethical standards @sentomcotton @johnboozman Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

18. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @sentomcotton @johnboozman Tweet4Wolves 

19. Protecting #wildlife from inhumane cruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @sentomcotton @johnboozman Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

20. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves  

21. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves 

22. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science ðical standards  @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

23. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves 

24. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one  @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

25. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @sencorygardner @senbennetco Tweet4Wolves 

26. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sencorygardner @senbennetco Tweet4Wolves 

27. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @sencorygardner @senbennetco Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

28. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @sencorygardner @senbennetco Tweet4Wolves 

29. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @sencorygardner @senbennetco Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

30. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves  

31. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves 

32. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

33. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves 

34. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves

35. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @senatorcarper @chriscoons Tweet4Wolves 

36. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senatorcarper @chriscoons Tweet4Wolves 

37. Alaskans support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senatorcarper @chriscoons Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

38. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69  @senatorcarper @chriscoons Tweet4Wolves 

39. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senatorcarper @chriscoons  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

40. Stop #HJResolution69 and #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on our #PublicLands in #Alaska Wildlife Refuges @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves 

41. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves

42. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senbillnelson @marcorubio  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

43. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves 

44. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senbillnelson @marcorubio Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

45. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @senbillnelson @marcorubio @senatorcarper @chriscoons  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

46. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal @sencorygardner @senbennetco pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves

47. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris @johnboozman @sentomcotton pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

48. Vote No on #HJResolution69 and No on #SJResolution18 @jeffflake @senjohnmccain pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

49. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Tweet4Wolves 

50. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Tweet4Wolves 

51. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

52. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Tweet4Wolves 

53. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

54. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves  

55. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves  

56. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @maziehirono @brianschatz  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

57. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves 

58. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @maziehirono @brianschatz  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

59. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Tweet4Wolves  

60. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Tweet4Wolves 

61. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves

 62. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Tweet4Wolves  

63. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senatorrisch @mikecrapo Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

64. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

 65. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

66. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senatordurbin @tammyforil Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves

67. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

68. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senatordurbin @tammyforil Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  


Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

A. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV @lisamurkowski @sendansullivan @repdonyoung  Tweet4Wolves

B. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @lutherstrange @senshelby @jeffflake @senjohnmccain Tweet4Wolves  

C. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV @sentomcotton @johnboozman @senfeinstein @KamalaHarris Tweet4Wolves 

D. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @sencorygardner @senbennetco @chrismurphyct @senblumenthal Tweet4Wolves 

E. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @senatorcarper @chriscoons @senbillnelson @marcorubio Tweet4Wolves 

F. The Case Against #HJResolution69 bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @sendavidperdue @senatorisakson @maziehirono @brianschatz Tweet4Wolves 

G. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @senatorrisch @mikecrapo @senatordurbin @tammyforil Tweet4Wolves  

69. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @sendonnelly @SenToddYoung Tweet4Wolves 

70. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @sendonnelly @SenToddYoung Tweet4Wolves 

71. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves 

72. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung Tweet4Wolves 

73. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

74. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Tweet4Wolves  

75. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley  Tweet4Wolves  

76. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Stop #HJResolution69  Tweet4Wolves  

77. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Tweet4Wolves  

78. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

79. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

80. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

81. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

82. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

83. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

84. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenateMajLdr @randpaul  Tweet4Wolves  

85. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Tweet4Wolves  

86. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

87. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Tweet4Wolves  

88. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenateMajLdr @randpaul Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

89. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

90. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

91. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

92. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

93. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

94. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Tweet4Wolves  

95. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Tweet4Wolves  

96. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

97. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Tweet4Wolves  

98. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

99. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

100. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

101. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

102. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

103. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

104. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenWarren @SenMarkey Tweet4Wolves  

105. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenWarren @SenMarkey Tweet4Wolves  

106. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards  @SenWarren @SenMarkey Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

107. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenWarren @SenMarkey Tweet4Wolves  

108. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenWarren @SenMarkey Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

H. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenWarren @SenMarkey @SenatorCardin @chrisvanhollen Tweet4Wolves  

I. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenAngusKing @senatorcollins @billcassidy @johnkennedyla Tweet4Wolves  

J. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenMajLdr @randpaul @senpatroberts @jerrymoran Tweet4Wolves  

K. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @senjoniernst @chuckgrassley @sendonnelly @toddyoungin Tweet4Wolves  

L. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters @amyklobuchar @SenFranken @nytimes @adndotcom Tweet4Wolves  

M. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran @clairecmc  @RoyBlunt @latimes @Alaska Tweet4Wolves  

N. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorTester @stevedaines @SenatorFischer @SenSasse @washingtonpost Tweet4Wolves  

O. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV @SenatorShaheen @SenatorHassan Tweet4Wolves 

109. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Tweet4Wolves  

110. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Tweet4Wolves 

111. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

112. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Tweet4Wolves  

113. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

114. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Tweet4Wolves  

115. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Tweet4Wolves  

116. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

117. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Tweet4Wolves  

118. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @amyklobuchar @SenFranken Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

119. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Tweet4Wolves  

120. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Tweet4Wolves  

121. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

122. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Tweet4Wolves  

123. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

124. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Tweet4Wolves  

125. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Tweet4Wolves  

126. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @clairecmc @RoyBlunt  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

127. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Tweet4Wolves  

 128. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @clairecmc @RoyBlunt Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

129. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves  

130. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves  

131. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

132. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves  

133. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorTester @SteveDaines Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves  

134. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Tweet4Wolves 

135. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Tweet4Wolves 

136. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

137. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Tweet4Wolves 

138. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorFischer @SenSasse Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

139. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Tweet4Wolves 

140. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Tweet4Wolves 

141. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

142. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Tweet4Wolves 

143. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

144. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Tweet4Wolves 

145. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Tweet4Wolves 

146. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan  Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

147. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Tweet4Wolves 

148. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

149. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves 

150. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves 

151. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

152. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves 

153. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Stop #HJResolution69 Tweet4Wolves 

VIDEO TWEETS: 

1. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @lutherstrange @SenShelby pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

2. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  @JefffFlake @SenJohnMccain pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

3. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska   @SenTomCotton @JohnBoozman pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

4. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenFeinstein @KamalaHarris pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

5. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska  @SenCoryGardner @SenBennetCO pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

6. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @ChrisMurphyCT @SenBlumenthal pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

7. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  @SenatorCarper @ChrisCoons pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

8. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenBillNelson @marcorubio pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

9. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @maziehirono @brianschatz pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

10. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorRisch @MikeCrapo pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

11. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorDurbin @TammyforIL pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

12. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenDonnelly @SenToddYoung  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

13. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenJoniErnst @ChuckGrassley pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

14. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateMajLdr @RandPaul  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

15. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @BillCassidy @SenJohnKennedy  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

16. #HJResolution69 will impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenAngusKing @SenatorCollins  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

17. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorCardin @ChrisVanHollen  pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

18. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenWarren @SenMarkey   pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

19. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenStabenow @SenGaryPeters   pic.twitter.com/v7wp4bNTkE Tweet4Wolves 

Please follow this link for the second set of tweets 

Thank you. 

The Case Against H.J.Resolution 69 and S.J.Resolution 18

House lawmakers, on Thursday, February 16th, passed a measure to repeal a recently implemented rule that banned abhorrent practices such as shooting/ trapping wolves while at dens with pups, killing hibernating bears and spotting Grizzlies from aircraft for kill upon landing. The rule aligns with a similar National Park Service rule, which was finalized in October, 2015, banning abhorrent practices such as “bear baiting” and the Game Boards liberal predator control “management”.

The legislation, authored by Representative Don Young, would undo the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, opening the door for the state to resume aggressive predator control tactics including shooting wolves from airplanes, spotting bears from aircraft for kill upon landing, and killing cubs and pups in their dens on more than 76 million acres of national wildlife refuge land in Alaska. A recently introduced companion measure (S.J.Resolution 18), sponsored by Senator Dan Sullivan, also seeks to erode federal management authority over Alaska Wildlife Refuges and should be set aside. 

Under the rule, issued August 3rd, 2016, by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, predator control is not allowed on Alaska’s 16 national wildlife refuges “unless it is determined to be necessary to meet refuge purposes, is consistent with federal laws and policy and is based on sound science in response to a conservation concern.” The law also bans specific hunting methods on Alaska refuges, including killing bear cubs or adult females with cubs, baiting brown bears, taking bears using snares and traps, and aerial shooting of bears and wolves.

  • The rule “clarifies how existing mandates for the conservation of natural and biological diversity, biological integrity, and environmental health on refuges in Alaska relate to predator control; prohibits several particularly effective methods and means for take of predators”. The rule formally established a goal of biodiversity as the guiding principle of federal management of wildlife refuges. The rule also made it clear there would be no impact on subsistence hunters. 

In a blog post published the day of the final ruling in August, former FWS Director Dan Ashe said that in implementing Alaska’s Intensive Management Law, the Alaska Board of Game had “unleashed a withering attack  on bears and wolves that is wholly at odds with America’s long tradition of ethical, sportsmanlike, fair-chase hunting.”

 Under Title VIII (Subsistence Management And Use) of the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), Alaska Natives and other rural residents were granted hunting and fishing rights (when fish and game are not under outside threat) on National Preserves. The ANILCA did not, however, allow Alaska to manage its wildlife as it has been ~ which is not unlike a game farm, where wolves and bears are decimated to allow unchecked trophy hunting and commercial guiding, and led to the implementation of tighter restrictions by the National Park Service. Alaska is unique among the 50 states for allowing sport and subsistence hunting in the 17 million acres of national preserves added to the National Park System by the ANILCA.  While Congress recognized the “important value of subsistence and (sadly) sport hunting”, it allowed both to take place only where consistent with the mandate to protect and conserve wildlife resources. State sport hunting regulations passed by the Alaska Board of Game apply on public lands, but only when those regulations do not conflict with federal mandates or National Park policies. 

(In Alaska, the wildlife law known as the Intensive Management statute is in conflict with federal laws governing national park lands and the management of wildlife on those lands. Preemption, the constitutional doctrine which holds that when federal law and state law conflict, federal law must be followed, and state law must yield, requires the State of Alaska to refrain from implementing the Intensive Management statute on national park lands because of the conflict with federal laws.)

The Board, however, noticeably became increasingly aggressive in its efforts to implement predator control on federal public lands through liberalization of sport hunting and trapping regulations. For example in 1994, the Alaska Legislature passed the Intensive Management Statute with which the explicit goal was to maintain, restore, or increase the abundance of big game populations for human consumptive use.


The following 2 maps illustrate the enormous expansion of state designated predator control areas (PCA) from 2001 to 2014. The maps also show that the boundaries of most national preserves had been encroached upon and many had become virtually surrounded by Predator Control Areas in just 14 years. Note the vast increase of “wolf control” areas (in yellow).


The Board has also practiced intensive  management by liberalizing sport hunting regulations, including:

•Increasing bag limits from five per season up to 20 per season or 10 per day (as high as 20 a day for wolves in some areas of the state), and liberalizing hunting seasons for predators to increase their “harvest”.

•Eliminating the need for hunters to obtain or purchase hunting tags or permits for predators.

•Permitting  the incidental taking of predators.

•Authorizing same-day airborne hunting and trapping, which allows hunters to take predators the same day they’ve been flying.

•Allowing the use of bait to lure predators.

•And, of course, the aerial gunning of wolves. 

Note that in 2011, the Board issued an emergency order to extend wolf hunting and trapping seasons in GMUs 9 and 10 to increase caribou numbers and as a way of getting around the U.S. Fish & Wildlife’s prohibition on aerial wolf control programs on Unimak Island. 

Furthermore, the board has repeatedly refused to reduce the impact of its programs on National Preserves.  For example, in the spring  of 2014, the radio-collared Lost Creek wolf pack left the borders of the Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve and was eliminated through aerial shooting by state agents implementing one of the Board’s intensive management plans. The Park Service had been studying the Lost Creek pack for seven years as part of a roughly 20-year study of wolves in the Yukon Charley National Preserve; The State predator control efforts killed 36 wolves in the area in a single year, reducing the preserve’s population by over half. 

Another example is the Board’s 2010 elimination of the 122 square-mile buffer adjacent to Denali National Park that protected wolves crossing its boundaries from hunting and trapping~Two years later, the wolf populations in the Park were the lowest in decades.

The USFWS acted admirably to prevent application of state regulations which are incompatible with management objectives for the nearly 77 million acres of wildlife refuges across the state.

The National Park Service has also been at odds with the State which led to the implementation of tighter restrictions on sport hunting (the closure regulations became effective Nov. 23 2015, and new hunting regulations effective January 1, 2016. More information regarding the NPS regulations can be found here.

When H.J. Resolution 69 is brought to the floor for a vote, I ask that you please stand by our wildlife and Public Lands, vote against this disgraceful and appalling attempt to reinstate animal cruelty on our wildlife refuges. The companion measure introduced in the Senate is equally shameful in its attempt to undo The Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule and should be voted down; the states do not have a right to dictate what happens on our National Wildlife Refuges. 

Related content:

 Fish and Wildlife Service Wise to Oppose Alaska’s War on Wolves   A must read op-ed by Vic Van Ballenberghe who is a wildlife biologist and a former member of the Alaska Board of Game.  

Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule questions and answers.

Representative Don Young’s biography and colorful array of Congressional statements

 Stop Alaska’s War on Wolves from NPCA

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Environmental Impact Statement – Isle Royale Wolves 

It is utterly astounding to me that any wolf advocate would support this cruel manipulation of wolves.

Members of a helicopter net gun trapping team use nets shot from a helicopter to capture and place radio collars on wolves in Yellowstone National Park.                                
The draft Environmental Impact Statement to Address the Presence of Wolves on Isle Royale (draft EIS) has been released and can be read here or is available at Isle Royale Wolves.

The draft EIS describes how park resources would be affected by the no action alternative and three action alternatives that involve the introduction of wolves to the island.  The draft EIS analyzes the impacts of each alternative on the island ecosystem, wilderness character, wolves and moose of Isle Royale.

ALTERNATIVE B (IMMEDIATE LIMITED INTRODUCTION) IS THE PARK SERVICES PREFERRED ALTERNATIVE:

Under alternative B, the National Park Service would introduce 2030 wolves to the island within the first three years.

Wolves selected for introduction would be captured using available tools ranging from helicopter netgunning, modified padded foot–traps (ie. leg hold traps)darting from a helicopter or modified snares with appropriate stops. 


During initial release, carcass provisioning of natural prey may be implemented to ensure the success of initial establishment. Moose carcasses would be“harvested” on Isle Royale and not from off island to prevent the exchange of disease, parasites, or other foreign materials from the mainland to the island. The provision of carcasses may serve as a means of encouraging recently introduced wolves to stay in certain areas of the island. Additionally, carcass provisioning may be used as a strategy to contain pair-bonded  individuals to one area of the island while the release of another animal or group of wolves occurs elsewhere. 

Wolf introduction would occur by hard release. This entails release of individuals or groups of wolves onto the island with no time to acclimate in holding pens prior to release and without intensive support provided following release. 


Moose on Isle Royale, Michigan. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Michigan Tech University, Rolf Peterson)

Bottom line: 20 to 30 wolves lives will be transformed permanently. They will be trapped, snared; darted or netted via helicopter. Many wolves will be injured, some will be gravely injured, some will live, some will die, most will be torn forever from family members. Certainly, all will be traumatized. Furthermore, harvesting (hunting) of moose in the National Park is something which I find unacceptable. 


During the collection of animals for the Yellowstone reintroduction programme at least 10 wolves died early in the process through trapping and snaring, and at least one died during incapacitation from the helicopter

Removal of the alpha animals from a pack would cause huge upheaval, and studies show that it would almost certainly lead to the dissolution of the pack. Packs that may have been in existence for generations could literally be wiped out by the removal of perhaps just one animal (Learn more here).
Wolves may also attempt to make their way back to their own territories. Relocation of wolves in Alaska’s Denali National Park has led to them returning hundreds of miles to their previous locations. Obviously wolves reintroduced to Isle Royale would be unable to do that, but the instinct to return home could, to say the least, be troubling for them. 

And what of the primary food source…As I have mentioned before, the moose population was near 2,400 individuals in 1996, but plummeted in just one year to 500 animals due to an outbreak of moose ticks and a severe winter. When moose became increasingly rare in 2006, capturing food became increasingly difficult for the wolves…“One wolf pack failed after another, with the population reduced by half. ” The 1,250 or so moose presently on Isle Royale, feeling the effects of climate change, can easily be devoured by a couple of dozen wolves and “wink out” leaving the wolves without a key and primary food source. 

Because your feedback is essential to the development of the EIS, NPS is asking for your thoughtful review and comments during the 90-day comment period, which concludes on March 15, 2017. For your comments to be considered during this review period,  you must submit them online at  http://parkplanning.nps.gov/Isrowolves  or hand deliver or mail them to the park at the following address: Superintendent Phyllis Green, Isle Royale National Park, ISRO Wolves, 800 East Lakeshore Drive, Houghton, Michigan 49931-1896.  Read about the alternative options  here or visit the Park Service’s website: Isle Royale Wolves.

Please take the time to read the Technical Input regarding options for bringing wolves to Isle Royale National Park, particularly page 16: If the current population of wolves on Isle Royale persists to the time of reintroducing new wolves, are there concerns with these wolves passing on deleterious traits (e.g., spinal malformations) to the introduced population? Should members of the current resident population of wolves be removed from the island before the introduction of new wolves due to their poor genetic health? What are the pros and cons of retaining these wolves or removing these wolves?

Unfortunately (or not), I  was unable to find a video of wolf net-gunning but the following video will suffice as an example of the misery and suffering during wildlife helicopter capture.

Related content:

Wolves of Isle Royale: Genetic Rescue or Sacrificial Lamb

 My Name is Rolf


 With wolves its all about family.

Needless to say that I am completely against this displacement of wolves and have selected Alternative A – No Action

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

The Wolves of Isle Royale: Genetic Rescue or Sacrificial Lamb

“The “natural” assumption. 
Most people who are familiar at all with Isle Royale assume that the national park’s famous populations of wolves and moose are “natural” residents of the archipelago. Thus, the impending decision of what to do if wolves became extirpated on Isle Royale seems to be an
easy managerial one: replacement wolves should be brought in. But a historical view of major mammals on Isle Royale in the last hundred years reveals a much more complicated situation.

The first major published study on the wolves and moose of Isle Royale (The Wolves of Isle Royale), makes this very point. An astounding discovery made in a summary table of the “History of Isle Royale Mammals”  shows that all the large mammals on Isle Royale have changed in the 20th century. Coyotes and lynx have gone and wolves appeared. Woodland caribou were extirpated and moose arrived and have become the dominant herbivore. Red fox arrived circa 1925…Otter were missing for much of the 20th century but now are quite common. And a little earlier, in the late 1800s, beaver were nearly extirpated. This radical composition turnover may be an effect of island biogeography. One
primary indication of island biogeography is that the island(s) being studied have only a subset of the animals and plants found on the nearest mainland. Island biogeography also
routinely maps species turnover on islands, as species “wink out” and different ones “wink in.” But also quite often a species winks out and then recolonizes on its own, as happened
with otter and beaver at Isle Royale.
This fact of potential periodic and extensive change needs to be built into any discussions of augmenting wolf numbers in the near term. We need to acknowledge the possibility that the winking out of wolves on Isle Royale might be a natural phenomenon of island biogeography. But unfortunately, our yardstick for making such decisions is compromised: what appears to be the natural island fauna in the 20th century is actually a chimera, greatly altered
by human actions…”

Should we intervene…  
Is it a succession of human actions—inadvertent intervention to be sure—that has had a direct role in wolves “naturally” appearing on Isle Royale. Even if moose and wolves had arrived on Isle Royale as a very direct consequence of human action, does that change the question of whether we should intervene to maintain the wolf population in the national park? For comparison, neither wolves nor moose are present on Michipicoten Island, an archipelago in northeastern Lake Superior that is similar in distance from the mainland as is Isle Royale. Due north of Isle Royale, and much closer to the mainland, wolves made it to the Slate Islands, hunted woodland caribou, and then left in the 1990s. Could the arrival of moose and wolves on Isle Royale be more an aberration than an inevitable event? Furthermore, if recent immigrants to the park were aided directly or indirectly by human actions, does that make them “exotic species” as defined by NPS management policies? NPS defines exotic species as those “that occupy or could occupy park lands directly or indirectly as the result of deliberate or accidental human activities….” The newly crafted resource management recommendation for the NPS, Revisiting Leopold: Resource Stewardship in the National Parks, is written, in part, as a policy response to the array of environmental changes, such as climate change, that are confronting national parks. The report calls for an expanded scientific capacity to guide resource management “to steward NPS resources for continuous change that is not yet fully understood, in order to preserve ecological integrity….” Wolves are clearly native to the region, but perhaps not to Isle Royale. Might their indigenousness to the region and their place in the ecological process in the region outweigh their potential non-native history on Isle Royale? Because wolves are part of a “largely self-sustaining and self-regulating” Isle Royale ecosystem, should we overlook their questionable “natural” tenure? If so, we should at least make this decision transparently. Intervention can be an important tool to maintain a park’s ecological resiliency. But “intervention” as a concept exists on a continuum of human actions that range from unintended consequences (wolf trapping on Ontario) to intervention (radio collaring of wolves and moose on Isle Royale, closures of zones to protect denning areas, closure of the park to dogs and cats) to intentional manipulation (the introduction of the Detroit Zoo wolves).
A historical view of Isle Royale’s mammalian history suggests there are both known and likely unknown limits to species persistence through time. It is likely that many animal species’ tenure on the island is episodic, ranging from a single colonizations of short duration to
persistence lasting decades. It may not always be anthropogenic forces that result in a species winking out or another winking in; an example is the episodic presence of sharptail grouse at Isle Royale.

A historical view of the relatively short and possibly atypical residence of wolves suggests the proposed reintroduction could become a recurring need to sustain the health and persistence of the population. Do we want to reintroduce wolves to Isle Royale National Park every 50 or so years?
To further explore how much intervention is appropriate, it’s useful to turn to a long-used Isle Royale metaphor, namely, that the national park is an “outdoor laboratory.” Vucetich et al. are proposing a level of intervention for wolves which bespeaks of the park as more of a laboratory. If intervention is too frequent, then Isle Royale stops having the feel of an outdoor laboratory, and its wilderness character is diminished to boot. Periodic interventions would run counter to one component of the Wilderness Act, namely, that “the imprint of man’s work” must be “substantially unnoticeable.” But Isle Royale has not been unimpacted for quite some time. Regional, national, and global impacts have greatly altered the naturalness of the Isle Royale lands and waters, even if the results are sometimes hard to see (source).

20120316_isleroyalemoose_33.jpg
Moose on Isle Royale, Michigan. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Michigan Tech University, Rolf Peterson)

 And what about the moose (the primary food source for Isle Royale wolves) which tend to become infested with an astounding number of ticks at one time. Thanks to global warming, one animal which typically can get 30,000 ticks in normal fall weather conditions, now contends with as many as 160,000 ticks during warmer winters and in years with a late first snowfall. The eventual result for heavily tick infested moose is malnutrition and death; a high number of ticks is “almost a death sentence” for calves because they can lose their entire blood supply over just a few months. Climate change magnifies the tick problem because the pests live longer and reproduce in greater numbers if there’s less snow on the ground by spring. Source

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, moose lived longer and gave birth to more calves as predation was down due to a steep decline in wolf survival. The moose population nearly tripled to almost 2,400 by 1996. During the winter of 1996, lack of forage for the moose, an outbreak of moose ticks , and severe winter all conspired against the moose. The winter had been more severe than any in over a century. The moose population collapsed from its all-time high to just 500 moose. The next year, during the winter of 1997, a wolf from Canada immigrated to Isle Royale. He crossed on an ice bridge that now rarely forms between Isle Royale and Canada, and revitalized the wolf population’s genetic diversity. Living in three packs, with 30 individuals, the wolves had been “thriving” until 2006. But with moose becoming increasingly rare (weakened by heat and ticks, fueling high rates of predation, moose dropped to their lowest observed levels) capturing food become increasingly difficult. One wolf pack failed after another. By 2011, the population was reduced to 9 wolves living in one pack and another half dozen wolves, the socially disorganized remnants of another pack (Source). As many as 50 wolves once roamed the island, though scientists think 25 is a more reasonable baseline number,  according to the Wildlife News. Since scientists began keeping records in 1973, ice accumulation in the Great Lakes has declined by over 70 percent, an ice bridge may only form once every 15 years. With Lake Superior warming faster than any large lake on the planet, any hope of a “natural” genetic rescue disappears. John Vucetich, a researcher on the island, asserts that a genetic rescue is critical — not only for animals, but for the entire Isle Royale ecosystem, designated a protected biosphere reserve in 1981 for its pristine lake forest wilderness. “What is really important here is not the presence of wolves, per se,” Vucetich said. “But the wolves need to be able to perform their ecological function — predation. Predation has been essentially nil for the past four years now, and has led to a 22% increase in the moose population for each of the past four years.” This increase has brought the island population of moose up from 500 to 1,200 compromising the ecosystem integrity (An individual moose consumes up to 40 pounds of vegetation a day).

Bring in the wolves…problem solved…or not.

The wolves populated Isle Royale around 1949, and were believed to have been basically isolated ever since, comprised typically of just a couple dozen wolves. Small, isolated populations of wildlife never fare well and always exhibit high rates of inbreeding. The deleterious effects of inbreeding begin to become evident at a COI (coefficient of inbreeding) of about 5%. At a COI of 10%, there is significant loss of vitality in the offspring as well as an increase in the expression of deleterious recessive mutations. The combined effects of these make 10% the threshold of the “extinction vortex” – the level of inbreeding at which smaller litters, higher mortality, and expression of genetic defects have a negative effect on the size of the population, and as the population gets smaller the rate of inbreeding goes up, resulting in a negative feedback loop that eventually drives a population to extinction.

“Fragmentation of natural habitats is associated with population declines of many species. The resulting small and isolated populations are threatened by extinction for several reasons. Such populations are more vulnerable to demographic and environmental stochasticity. They also face several genetic threats. First, due to restricted mating opportunities, inbreeding becomes more likely. Second, if populations remain small and isolated for many generations, they lose genetic variation necessary to respond to environmental challenges (random fixation or loss of alleles through genetic drift). Third, unfavourable mutations are
expected to accumulate because selection operates less efficiently in small populations. Of these processes, inbreeding poses a more immediate threat, whereas
genetic drift and mutation accumulation affect the population in the long term. Environmental, demographic and genetic factors can interact and reinforce each other in a downward spiral, an extinction vortex.”  BMC Evolutionary Biology

 

“For many decades, the wolves of Isle Royale had been taken as an example of a very small, isolated and highly inbred population which showed no signs of inbreeding depression, the negative impact of inbreeding. But we had it wrong, very wrong. In fact, the population dynamics of Isle Royale wolves have been affected by genetic processes in ways that have been as important as they are subtle.

In 2009, with the help of Jannike Räikkönen, an expert in Canid anatomy from the Swedish National Museum, we systematically inspected the skeletal remains from 50, or so, Isle Royale wolves that had been collected over the past five decades. A surprising number of these wolves suffered from several different kinds of congenital malformity in the spine… A particular kind of deformity, known as a lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV), is particularly well studied in dogs and wolves. Among healthy, outbred populations LSTV occurs in one out of a 100 wolves. On Isle Royale, a third of the wolves suffered from this malformity.

Not only did Isle Royale wolves exhibit LSTV at a high rate, but the rate of malformities had once been relatively low and increased over the decades…”.  John A. Vucetich

Learn more about Congenital defects in a highly inbred wild wolf population
(Canis lupus) here.

screenshot_2016-03-16-11-08-16_1.jpg

Cause for alarm.

Obviously an isolated and small population of wolves is a bottleneck leading to extinction due to lack of genetic diversity. Without continuous human intervention this will be the case for any wolves brought to Isle Royale in the future, and, as the isolated species spirals downward to the extinction vortex there comes a great deal of suffering due to genetic deformities. The deterioration of the animal takes its toll; one female wolf on Isle Royale died during childbirth when her uterus quit working, trapping the pups inside her while she bled to death. The young wolf pictured here, presumed 

635831203399958418-new-supplied-isle-royale-wolves-02.jpg

dead, certainly experienced a miserable short existence (I, myself can hardly bear to look at this poor deformed animal). And what of the food supply? As I mentioned earlier the moose population was near 2,400 in 1996, but plummeted in just one year to 500 animals due to an outbreak of moose ticks and a severe winter. When moose became increasingly rare in 2006, with a population of a little over 500, capturing food become increasingly difficult for the wolves.. “One wolf pack failed after another, with the population reduced by half.” The 1,250 moose presently on Isle Royale, weakened from the effects of climate change, can easily be devoured by a couple of dozen wolves and “wink out” leaving the wolves without a key and primary food source.

So, should wolves be reintroduced to Isle Royale?
Really this is a difficult question. For the sake of the ecosystem, then yes, perhaps the wolves should be reintroduced. But what about the wolves… One aspect in all this discussion needs to be the welfare of the wolves captured for augmentation. Wolves for re-introduction on Isle Royale would have to be sourced from multiple populations to give an initial genetic diversity. More wolves would possibly have to be added later to maintain this genetic diversity and prevent inbreeding.
Then, there is the physical collection of wolves which would pose difficulties and is likely to result in some deaths. Would they be collected by trapping, snaring or be incapacitated by dart from a helicopter?
During the collection of animals for the Yellowstone re-introduction programme at least 10 wolves died early in the process through trapping and snaring and at least one died during incapacitation from the helicopter. Perhaps techniques have evolved and improved since then, but some losses would almost certainly occur.

Removal of the alpha animals from a pack would cause huge upheaval, and studies show that it would almost certainly lead to the dissolution of the pack. Packs that may have been in existence for generations could literally be wiped out by the removal of perhaps just one animal (Learn more here).
Wolves may also attempt to make their way back to their own territories. Relocation of wolves in Alaska’s Denali National Park has led to them returning hundreds of miles to their previous locations. Obviously wolves reintroduced to Isle Royale would be unable to do that, but the instinct to return home could, to say the least, be troubling for them.
For the wolves sake, perhaps reintroduction is not a good idea.

The National Parks Service would like to hear from you. Last year the National Park Service (NPS) began considering a broad range of management actions as part of determining how to manage the moose and wolf populations at Isle Royale National Park for at least the next 20 years. Following public comments and additional internal deliberations, the NPS determined that it will revise and narrow the scope of the EIS to focus on the question of whether to bring wolves to Isle Royale National Park in the near term, and if so, how to do so.

Revised preliminary draft alternative concepts have been included in a public scoping newsletter, which is available online at http://parkplanning.nps.gov/ISROwolves.  As a result of the revised scope, the NPS is offering an additional public comment period that will close 30 days after an amended notice of intent is published in the Federal Register. All comments already submitted have been posted online, however, NPS welcomes additional input at this time.  If you would like to submit additional comments for consideration, you must submit written comments online at http://parkplanning.nps.gov/ISROwolves or mail: Isle Royale National Park, 800 East Lakeshore Drive, Houghton, Michigan 49931-1896   or hand deliver them to the park. Comment period was originally to close May 16, 2016 at 11:59 PM Mountain Time, but has been extended. The comment period now closes Jul 06, 2016 at 11:59 PM Mountain Time.

Researchers would love to prolong their studies of the predator-prey system on Isle Royale.

I, myself, would like to see an end to the suffering. Perhaps the moose population should be controlled with PZP.

Related content: My Name is Rolf

Featured image: Ian McAllister

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Copyright © 2015 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Oppose The Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act Tweetstorm

Due to a pathetically small amount of people attending this event, I did not prepare an extensive tweet sheet. With 100 senators to message (a minimum of 10 tweets to each) this would have been a very time consuming and arduous process, not to mention, quite possibly, the longest tweetstorm in history. It is a bit discouraging to see that well under 100 of the 4,700 friends of the page  are willing to make this effort; therefore I offer you this bit of a tweet drizzle (for those of you who are new to my tweetstorms, all tweets are “click to tweet” just tap “Tweet4Wolves”). For ease of tweeting please open this blog on your browser and close your twitter window.

1. #S659 If Congress caves in 2 the trophy-hunting lobby & passes this scam of a bill, we call upon @POTUS to give it a clean kill shot. Tweet4Wolves

2. #S659 @BarackObama #VetoExtinction Use your pen as your sword and cut this bill down! Veto The Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act. Tweet4Wolves

3. #S659 blocks @USFWS from making decisions about cruel/inhumane “predator control” on Alaska’s national wildlife refuges @SenateDems Tweet4Wolves

4. #S659 blocks @USFWS from making decisions about cruel/inhumane “predator control” on Alaska’s national wildlife refuges @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

5. #S659 strips #wolves of their federal protections in 4 states under the #ESA among other harmful provisions @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

6. #S659 subverts the judicial process & subjects hundreds of #wolves to hostile state practices! @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

7. The Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act #S659 would deny proper oversight of toxic #lead in the environment. @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

8. #S659 blocks carefully considered rulemaking to protect animals on national wildlife refuges! @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

9. #S659 A grab bag of appalling items that the trophy hunting lobby cannot secure in free standing bills. @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

10. #S659 would both subvert judicial processes & undermine the ESA, one of our nation’s bedrock environmental laws @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

11. #S659 would both subvert judicial processes & undermine the ESA, one of our nation’s bedrock environmental laws @POTUS Tweet4Wolves

12. #S659 delists #wolves When delisted in 2012, 20% of the Wisconsin #wolf pop was wiped out in 3 hunting seasons! @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

13. Oppose #S659 When #Wisconsin #wolves were delisted 17 *entire* family units were wiped out. @POTUS @SenateDems@HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

14. #S659 Clearly, federal oversight is necessary 2 provide adequate protections 4 #wolves as required by ESA. @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

15. #S659 would help 41 wealthy #polarbear trophy hunters import the heads of rare polar bears they shot in Canada. @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

16. Disgraceful! #S659 encourages trophy hunters to kill rare species worldwide via import allowances! @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

17. #S659 encourages the kill of #EndangeredSpecies because a congressional waiver will allow importation! @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

18. #S659 -The Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act is an atrocious bill which the Senate should take no further action on. @POTUS @SenateDems Tweet4Wolves

19. #S659 Federal courts put a stop 2 the reckless #wolf slaughter. Politicians shouldn’t undercut judicial review of delisting actions! @POTUS Tweet4Wolves

20. #S659 Federal courts put a stop 2reckless #wolf slaughter. Politicians shouldn’t undercut judicial review of delisting actions! @SenateDems Tweet4Wolves

21. #S659 is an ugly grab-bag of giveaways to a special interest groups and is disgraceful! @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

22. #S659 Any lawmaker who claims he’s for sportsmen by supporting this bill is guilty of grandstanding. @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

23. #S659 would destroy years of work done by animal protection advocates, environmentalists, and conservationists @POTUS Tweet4Wolves

24. #S659 would destroy years of work done by animal protection advocates, environmentalists, and conservationists @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

25. I oppose #S659 A grab bag of appalling items that the trophy hunting lobby cannot secure in free standing bills. @Senate_GOPS @HouseGOP Tweet4Wolves

26. Shameful #S659 would both subvert judicial processes & undermine the ESA, one of our nation’s bedrock environmental laws @Senate_GOPS Tweet4Wolves

27. Shameful! #S659 would both subvert judicial processes & undermine the ESA, one of our nation’s bedrock environmental laws @HouseGOP Tweet4Wolves

28. The abhorrent Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act #S659 would deny proper oversight of toxic #lead in the environment @Senate_GOPS @HouseGOP Tweet4Wolves

29. .@POTUS #S659 (Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act) threatens the interests of wildlife, conservation and public lands. Please veto this bill. Tweet4Wolves

30. #S659 will subject hundreds of #wolves to hostile state practices such as baiting @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

31. #S659 will subject hundreds of wolves to hostile state practices such as hound hunting @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

32. #S659 will subject hundreds of wolves to hostile state practices such painful steel-jawed leghold traps. @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

33. #S659 The Sportsmen’s Act ~ the link between hunting & child abuse: exm.nr/1StD5sj @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Tweet4Wolves

34. #S659 The Sportsmen’s Act would undermine the #ESA #Wolves Please oppose this bill here: http://wp.me/p6o9qd-hR Tweet4Wolves

35. .@POTUS Please oppose any legislation that undermines the #ESA or delists #wolves #S659 #S2012

Tweet4Wolves

36. .@SenateDems Please oppose any legislation that undermines the ESA & seeks to delist #wolves #S659 #S2012 pic.twitter.com/DHJKmKs2Bb  Tweet4Wolves

37. .@SenateDems I oppose #S659 comprised of irresponsible, pro-hunting & anti-environment regulations pic.twitter.com/svoaoUkikn  Tweet4Wolves

38. .@HouseDemocrats Please oppose any legislation that undermines the ESA & seeks to delist #wolves #S659 #S2012 pic.twitter.com/DHJKmKs2Bb  Tweet4Wolves

39. Please sign the petitions. Tell your Senators NO to #S659 and #S2012
#StandForWolves and the environment! bit.ly/1SbA5SY Tweet4Wolves

40. .@HouseDemocrats I oppose #S659 comprised of irresponsible, pro-hunting & anti-environment regulations pic.twitter.com/svoaoUkikn  Tweet4Wolves

41. SIGN: PROTECT ENDANGERED #WOLVES FROM ANTI-WOLF LEGISLATION: bit.ly/1TokaAa
(U.S. residents) pic.twitter.com/i2bI0fjcZx  Tweet4Wolves

42. I oppose #S2012 with an amendment to delist #wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan & Wyoming @SenateDems pic.twitter.com/5uC8LiKy1e  Tweet4Wolves

43. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenShelby @SenatorSessions @lisamurkowski @DanSullivan2014 Tweet4Wolves

44. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenJohnMcCain @JeffFlake @JohnBoozman @TomCottonAR Tweet4Wolves

45. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenFeinstein @SenatorBoxer @SenBennetCO @CoryGardner Tweet4Wolves

46. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenBlumenthal @ChrisMurphyCT @SenatorCarper @ChrisCoons Tweet4Wolves

47. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenBillNelson @marcorubio @SenatorIsakson @Perduesenate Tweet4Wolves

48. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenBrianSchatz @maziehirono @MikeCrapo @SenatorRisch Tweet4Wolves

49. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenatorDurbin @SenatorKirk @SenDanCoats @SenDonnelly Tweet4Wolves

50. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @ChuckGrassley @joniernst @SenPatRoberts @JerryMoran Tweet4Wolves

51. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @McConnellPress @RandPaul @DavidVitter @BillCassidy Tweet4Wolves

52. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenatorCollins @SenAngusKing @SenatorBarb @SenatorCardin Tweet4Wolves

53. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenWarren @SenMarkey @stabenow @Peters4Michigan Tweet4Wolves

54. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @amyklobuchar @alfranken @SenThadCochran @SenatorWicker Tweet4Wolves

55. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @clairecmc @RoyBlunt @jontester @SteveDaines Tweet4Wolves

56. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenatorFischer @BenSasse @SenatorReid @SenDeanHeller Tweet4Wolves

57. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenatorShaheen @KellyAyotte @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker Tweet4Wolves

58. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenatorTomUdall @MartinHeinrich @SenSchumer @SenGillibrand Tweet4Wolves

59. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves. @SenatorBurr @ThomTillis @SenJohnHoeven @SenatorHeitkamp Tweet4Wolves

60. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @SenSherrodBrown @robportman @jiminhofe @jameslankford Tweet4Wolves

61. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @RonWyden @SenJeffMerkley @SenBobCasey @SenToomey Tweet4Wolves

62. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @SenJackReed @SenWhitehouse @GrahamBlog  @SenatorTimScott  Tweet4Wolves

63. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @SenJohnThune @SenatorRounds @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Tweet4Wolves

64. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @JohnCornyn @tedcruz @OrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Tweet4Wolves

65. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @SenatorLeahy @SenSanders @MarkWarner @timkaine Tweet4Wolves

66. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Tweet4Wolves

67. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @SenRonJohnson @SenatorBaldwin pic.twitter.com/svoaoUkikn  Tweet4Wolves

68. I oppose #S659 & #S2012 which propose to legislatively delist #wolves @SenatorEnzi @SenJohnBarrasso pic.twitter.com/svoaoUkikn  Tweet4Wolves

Below you will find the exact same automated tweets, none of which have handles, followed by a list of all U.S. Senators twitter handles. Simply cut and paste your Senators handles and attach to tweet. May I suggest posting a comment to your Senator’s facebook page as well. Feel free to use the images (which can be found at the end of this blog) with your tweets, where space allows (images use 23 of the 140 characters allowed).

My apologies to the devoted true activists that have given up much of their time and energy and helped with the causes which I have shared. A heartfelt thanks to these special few.

 

1. #S659 blocks @USFWS from making decisions about cruel/inhumane predator control on Alaska’s national wildlife refuges. Add handle and tweet  (22 characters remaining)

2. #S659 strips #wolves of their federal protections in 4 states under the #ESA among other harmful provisions. Add handle and tweet (32 characters remaining)

3. #S659 subverts the judicial process & subjects hundreds of #wolves to hostile state practices! Add handle and tweet (46 characters remaining)

4. Oppose #S659 which would deny proper oversight of toxic #lead in the #environment. Add handle and tweet (58 characters remaining)

5. #S659 blocks carefully considered rulemaking to protect animals on national wildlife refuges! Add handle and tweet (47 characters remaining)

6. #S659 is a grab bag of appalling items that the trophy hunting lobby cannot secure in free standing bills. Add handle and tweet (34 characters remaining)

7. #S659 would both subvert judicial processes & undermine the ESA, one of our nation’s bedrock environmental laws. Add handle and tweet (28 characters remaining)

8. #S659 delists #wolves When delisted in 2012, 20% of the Wisconsin #wolf pop was wiped out in 3 hunting seasons! Add handle and tweet (29 characters remaining)

9. #S659 delists #wolves When #Wisconsin #wolves were delisted 17 *entire* family units were wiped out. Add handle and tweet (40 characters remaining)

10. #S659 Clearly, federal oversight is necessary 2 provide adequate protections 4 #wolves as required by ESA Add handle and tweet (35 characters remaining)

11. #S659 would help 41 wealthy #polarbear trophy hunters import the heads of rare polar bears they shot in Canada Add handle and tweet (29 characters remaining)

12. #S659 encourages trophy hunters to kill rare species worldwide via import allowances! Add handle and tweet (55 characters remaining) 

13. #S659 encourages the kill of #EndangeredSpecies because a congressional waiver will allow importation! Add handle and tweet (38 characters remaining)

14. #S659 -The Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act is an atrocious bill which the Senate should take no further action on. Add handle and tweet (32 characters remaining)

15. #S659 The courts put a stop 2reckless wolf slaughter Politicians shouldn’t undercut judicial review of delisting actions! Add handle and tweet (19 characters remaining)

16. #S659 is an ugly grab-bag of giveaways to a special interest groups and is disgraceful! Add handle and tweet (53 characters remaining)

17. #S659 Any lawmaker who claims he’s for sportsmen by supporting this bill is guilty of grandstanding. Add handle and tweet (41 characters remaining)

18. #S659 would destroy years of work done by animal protection advocates, environmentalists, and conservationists Add handle and tweet (30 characters remaining)

19. I oppose #S2012 which shamefully attempts to delist #wolves in 4 states pic.twitter.com/svoaoUkikn  Add handles and tweet (44 characters remaining)

Senate Twitter handles:

Alabama:
@SenShelby @SenatorSessions
Alaska:
@lisamurkowski @DanSullivan2014
Arizona:
@SenJohnMcCain @JeffFlake
Arkansas:
@JohnBoozman @TomCottonAR
California:
@SenFeinstein @SenatorBoxer
Colorado:
@SenBennetCO @CoryGardner
Connecticut:
@SenBlumenthal @ChrisMurphyCT
Delaware:
@SenatorCarper @ChrisCoons
Florida:
@SenBillNelson @marcorubio
Georgia:
@SenatorIsakson @Perduesenate
Hawaii:
@SenBrianSchatz @maziehirono
Idaho:
@MikeCrapo @SenatorRisch
Illinois:
@SenatorDurbin @SenatorKirk
Indiana:
@SenDanCoats  @SenDonnelly
Iowa:
@ChuckGrassley @joniernst
Kansas:
@SenPatRoberts @JerryMoran
Kentucky:
@McConnellPress  @RandPaul
Louisiana:
@DavidVitter @BillCassidy
Maine:
@SenatorCollins @SenAngusKing
Maryland:
@SenatorBarb @SenatorCardin
Massachusetts:
@SenWarren @SenMarkey
Michigan:
@stabenow @Peters4Michigan
Minnesota:
@amyklobuchar @alfranken
Mississippi:
@SenThadCochran @SenatorWicker
Missouri:
@clairecmc @RoyBlunt
Montana:
@jontester @SteveDaines
Nebraska:
@SenatorFischer @BenSasse
Nevada:
@SenatorReid @SenDeanHeller
New Hampshire:
@SenatorShaheen @KellyAyotte
New Jersey:
@SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker
New Mexico:
@SenatorTomUdall @MartinHeinrich
New York:
@SenSchumer @SenGillibrand
North Carolina:
@SenatorBurr @ThomTillis
North Dakota:
@SenJohnHoeven @SenatorHeitkamp
Ohio:
@SenSherrodBrown @robportman
Oklahoma:
@jiminhofe @jameslankford
Oregon:
@RonWyden @SenJeffMerkley
Pennsylvania:
@SenBobCasey @SenToomey
Rhode Island:
@SenToomey @SenWhitehouse
South Carolina:
@GrahamBlog  @SenatorTimScott
South Dakota:
@SenJohnThune @SenatorRounds
Tennessee:
@SenAlexander @SenBobCorker
Texas:
@JohnCornyn @tedcruz
Utah:
@OrrinHatch @SenMikeLee
Vermont:
@SenatorLeahy @SenSanders
Virginia:
@MarkWarner @timkaine
Washington:
@PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell
West Virginia:
@Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito
Wisconsin:
@SenRonJohnson @SenatorBaldwin
Wyoming:
@SenatorEnzi @SenJohnBarrasso

Thankyou for your efforts on behalf of the wolves, wildlife, and their home. Please feel free to send off these tweets as often as you like until these horrible proposals are dismissed.

 Copyright © 2015 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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Hey, Congress~Leave Those Wolves Alone

U.S. Senator John Barrasso (R-Wyoming) won passage of an amendment which would strip federal protection for endangered gray wolves in Wyoming and the Great Lakes states onto the so-called Sportsmen’s Act in Congress (.S. 659).

Barrassos’ amendment  mirrors a bill he recently introduced with Senator Ron Johnson (R-Wisconsin) and would subvert two federal court rulings, legislatively removing wolves from the federal list of endangered species for purely political reasons. Senator Dan Sullivan (R-Alaska) also secured an amendment to block a proposed new rule from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service which would limit predator control in national wildlife refuges. This proposed rule, which I encourage you to support here, would stop the worst predator control and killing practices on national wildlife refuges in Alaska, such as brown bear baiting, and aerial gunning of wolves.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service stripped federal protections from gray wolves in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota in 2011 and in Wyoming in 2012, marking the beginning of nothing less of a bloodbath. For example, last summer the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources announced its annual wolf population survey numbers which revealed that almost 100 wolf packs (25 percent) were eliminated from 2014 to early 2015. Minnesota’s wolf population is now down to nearly 1988 levels. Another example of poor governance was seen when in 2011 a policy rider (the first time legislation has ever removed ESA protections for a species) on a key appropriations bill, stripped Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves in Montana and Idaho. In the three years that followed, more than 1,956 wolves had been killed in just these the two states. Should this shameful “Sportsmen’s Act” pass into law, Barrasso’s amendment would circumvent the usual delisting process, effectively remove federal protection from gray wolves, and ensure that this decision could not be challenged in federal court.

Politicians should not be injecting themselves (with stand alone bills, amendments or riders on must pass legislation) into what should be science based decisions. 

Political greed should never prevail over sound science. Please contact your congressional members and be a voice for the voiceless, be a voice for the gray wolf.
Tell Congress that you #StandForWolves and oppose any legislation that would remove protections for wolves. Tap the links to each bill (below) to oppose via Popvox, or, if you rather, oppose them via democracy.io, here. Please note: If you have already opposed these bills, please voice your opposition again via democracy.io which allows you to comment on legislation more than once. At the end of this blog post you will find my comments in opposition to these bills. Feel free to utilize my information in your comment, and please join our facebook event and tweetstorm.

S. 659 BIPARTISAN SPORTSMEN’S ACT OF 2015 *

H.R. 884 REISSUING FINAL RULES REGARDING GRAY WOLVES IN THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES

H.R. 843 THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES WOLF MANAGEMENT ACT

H.R. 1985 THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST GRAY WOLF MANAGEMENT ACT

S. 2281 A BILL TO DIRECT THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR TO REISSUE FINAL RULES RELATING TO LISTING OF THE GRAY WOLF IN THE WESTERN GREAT LAKES AND WYOMING  (Senate version of H.R. 884)

Senator Johnson has also added a wolf delisting amendment to this bill as well. Please oppose and find newly added comment against this legislation at end:

S. 2012 ENERGY POLICY MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2015

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*Related Bills (Legislative action may be occurring on one of these bills in lieu of or in parallel to action on this bill).

S. 405  Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act of 2015

H.R. 2406  SHARE Act (house version of the Senate Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act)

Please sign and share the following petitions:

This petition must be signed by February 9th: TELL CONGRESS: KEEP YOUR HANDS OFF OUR WOLVES

Help shut down Congress’ sneak attack on wolves via NRDC: Sign this

Protect Wolves from Congressional Attacks via Endangered Species Coalition: bit.ly/1hUjF1e Sign this

Protect the ESA From Political Attacks via Earthjustice: bit.ly/1fKGOSn Sign this

Related content:

Wolves thrown under bus by Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act amendment approval

Opposition to bills:

Opposition to S. 659:

I oppose S. 659, The Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act, which is comprised of numerous, irresponsible, pro-hunting and anti-environment regulations, and represents a clear assault on wildlife. This omnibus bill combines many bad bills related to environmental resources into one. There are several problematic portions with dire implications for wildlife and the ecosystems they need in order to thrive. This bill panders to special interests and sacrifices smart conservation policy for political cache with damaging anti-wildlife “poison pill” amendments including a provision which would strip Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves in Wyoming and the Great Lakes region and a provision prohibiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from blocking anti-predator measures proposed by the State of Alaska for bears, wolves and other carnivores on national wildlife refuges in that state.
S. 659 would permanently exempt lead fishing tackle from any regulation under the Toxic Substances Control Act. Lead is an extremely toxic substance that is dangerous to people and wildlife at any level. Lead (a potent and dangerous neurotoxin) found in fishing tackle as well as ammunition is the cause for an estimated 10-20 million animal deaths each year in the United States after ingesting lead shot, bullet fragments, and sport fishing waste. Another abhorrent provision of the bill would allow for approximately 40 polar bear trophies to be imported into the United States. When polar bears were protected under the Endangered Species Act in 2008, all import of polar bear hunting trophies was prohibited. Despite having 16 months of notice of the impending prohibition, a number of hunters went forward with hunts anyway. The hunters were given repeated warnings that trophy imports would likely not be allowed into the United States as of the date the species was formally designated as “threatened.” If this legislation is enacted, it will accelerate the pace of killing of any species proposed for listing in the future.
These are just several of the horrific provisions of this bill, which would destroy years of work done by animal protection advocates, environmentalists, and conservationists to protect endangered species and other wildlife.  Such blind dedication to implementing recreational killing is detrimental to both conservation efforts and goes against the wishes of the majority of Americans, and their desire to protect the wilderness and wildlife. This is yet another disgraceful bill which I oppose.

Opposition to S 2281:

I oppose S. 2281. The future of the American gray wolf may become very grim as the war against the wolf continues with Congress’ aggressive, officious interference in wolf conservation with proposed legislation that undermines the Endangered Species Act. Politicians should not be injecting themselves into what should be a science-based decision. S.2281 and would reverse court orders, wiping out Endangered Species Act protection for approximately 4,000 wolves that live in four states (Wyoming and the western Great Lakes states). The energies of politicians would be better spent on pragmatic efforts that help people learn how to live with large carnivores. We must learn to respect, rebuild and conserve ecosystems not just by simple fixes, such as reintroducing species, but by finding ways to mitigate the conflicts that originally caused their loss. This bill serves as the Senate companion to the bipartisan House bill introduced by Reps. Reid Ribble (R-Wis.) and Cynthia Lummis (R-Wyo.) earlier this year and would “allow the Great Lakes states to continue the effective work they are doing in managing wolf populations without tying the hands of the Fish and Wildlife Service or undermining the Endangered Species Act”, yet the horrific slaughter of wolves directly after delisting in Wisconsin was an abomination. One would indeed call it “effective work” if the goal was to extirpate the wolves. In Wisconsin, the population of wolves was just 800 in 2011, yet in a matter of three years (since delisting), Wisconsin has lost at least 518 wolves to legalized hunting, hounding, trapping and annual unenforced quota overkills. The 518 wolves killed does not include wolves killed at the request of livestock operators for “depredation control” (170) or wolves killed on roadways every year (25). In addition, it is difficult for agency staff to estimate how many wolves are poached, which is estimated, conservatively at 100 a year. Considering annual wolf pup mortality at up to 75 percent, and the human take of wolves (in Wisconsin), this has been a disaster of catastrophic proportions. Hardly a wolf management plan integrating the “best available science”. This moral bankruptcy and ineptness is not a way to treat a species recently removed from the ESA. I vehemently oppose this and any other legislation that would remove protections for wolves.

Opposition to HR 843 and HR 884:

Politicians should not inject themselves into what should be a science-based decision. Please oppose anti-wolf Legislation HR 843 / HR 884 and oppose all efforts in this Congress to remove existing federal protections for wolves. The energies of politicians would be better spent on pragmatic efforts that help people learn how to live with large carnivores. In the long run, we will conserve ecosystems not just by simple fixes, such as reintroducing species, but by finding ways to mitigate the conflicts that originally caused their loss. Adversaries of wolf protective legislation continue their court battles against the wolves, but now those on the side of the wolves have an important weapon in their arsenal — the restoration of entire ecosystems (even if such benefits are not immediately obvious). The loss of major predators in forest ecosystems has allowed game animal populations to greatly increase, crippling the growth of young trees and reducing biodiversity. This also contributes to deforestation and results in less carbon sequestration, a potential concern with climate change. The Endangered Species Act requires science-based standards, not politics, for adding or removing protections from a particular species, but recently Congress has used must-pass bills to dodge this process. Any congressional initiative to remove Endangered Species Act protection from wolves (including via riders) must be denied. This species is endangered in most of the nation and needs continued protection to survive and recover. After three decades of federal protection, and painstaking efforts by federal biologists, gray wolves are just beginning to reestablish stable populations, with the obvious and overwhelming support of the majority of the American public. With the safety net of the Endangered Species Act, the wolf was able to return to portions of its native range in the Lower Forty-Eight. However, although wolves have recovered in some states, the North American population as a whole is nowhere near its historic range and thus merits continued federal protection. Judges have repeatedly overturned rules stripping wolves of their federal protection — with barely over 10 percent of suitable wolf habitat currently occupied and almost constant threats to their safety, these apex predators still desperately need the Act’s protection to survive. Wolves are essential.

Opposition to HR 1985:

I oppose H.R. 1985 The Pacific Northwest Gray Wolf Management Act. States are not “fully qualified to manage wolves responsibly”. Removing protections for wolves is not “long overdue.” Mismanagement of wolves in Representative Newhouses’ state is a prime example for maintaining protection for this species: *Washington state wildlife commission adopted rules violating the wolf plan regarding when wolves can be killed. *One entire pack of wolves, the Wedge Pack, was destroyed by the State of Washington in 2012 in response to allegations of depredation of livestock. This was in violation of Washington’s Wolf Conservation and Management Plan. The actions by the state did not prevent future depredations in the area. That decision-making process and aerial hunt was an absolute dreadful disgrace. *In 2013 an emergency rule went into effect allowing ranchers to kill wolves without a permit if they attack pets or livestock. This was also in violation of the wolf plan. *The state wildlife agency’s efforts to kill members of the Huckleberry pack for livestock losses was an abomination. The state failed to undertake sufficient nonlethal deterrence measures to prevent conflicts with livestock in this pack’s territory. *WDFW hired “sharpshooter” (hired to “remove” younger pack members) took out the breeding female of the Huckleberry Pack. Losing the alpha female harmed the survival of that wolf pack with pups just several months old. *Washington’s management plan sets a target of 15 known breeding pairs (with at least three located in each region of the state) as the point when the species can be considered recovered. Currently, the state has only five or six known breeding pairs. *At least three wolves were illegally killed by poachers in Washington in 2014. Therefore, one would say Washington state is far from “fully qualified to manage gray wolf populations responsibly”. Utah has no wolves beyond a few spotted over the years to remove protections from. The populations of wolves in Oregon is small and still in the early stages of recovery.

Update January 30th: Oppose S 2012:

(The anti wolf amendment was added to this bill January 28th)

I oppose S.2012. This bill includes provisions that would undermine important environmental standards and long-standing and popular public protections. The bill fails to do enough to mitigate the threat of climate change and contains some provisions that weaken protections for our land, air, water and public health.  S. 2012 also contains an amendment which would delist wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan and Wyoming which I oppose. Once again, Politicians should not inject themselves into what should be science based decisions.

Thankyou for your support, feel free to use the above comments for a message to your Congressional members.

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No ESA Protection For Alexander Archipelago Wolves

Breaking, horrible news.
The FWS, after considering the petition to list the Alexander Archipelago wolf as an endangered species, has announced today it does not warrant such protections, even though its population has seriously declined on the Prince of Wales Island (The USFWS noted in a recent Species Status Assessment that the Alexander Archipelago wolf population occupying Prince of Wales Island declined by 75 percent between 1994 and 2014, from 356 to 89 individuals).

The USFWS said in a Tuesday press release that the island wolves do not qualify for ESA protection because “the population does not persist in an unusual or unique ecological setting; loss of the population would not result in a significant gap in the range; and the population does not differ markedly from other populations based on its genetic characteristics.”

“We think the US Fish and Wildlife Service didn’t get it right and that they’ve overlooked some important things,” Larry Edwards (a Forest Campaigner with Greenpeace) told Alaska Public Media. “It’s very odd to us that the Fish and Wildlife Service acknowledges a 75 percent decline in the Prince of Wales wolf population and then basically writes that population off.”

The U.S.Fish and Wildlife Services’ extremely wide range population estimates (between 850 to 2,700 individuals, with approximately 62 percent living in British Columbia and 38 percent occupying southeastern Alaska) is evidence of their lack of knowledge about the species’ actual status. Another USFWS ‘prediction’ is that the current population of Alexander Archipelago wolves on Prince of Wales Island will continue to decrease by another eight to 14 percent over the next 30 years.

Bottom line, if the USFWS had found the Alexander Archipelago wolf worthy of endangered species status, the listing process would have limited or entirely prevented the ongoing timber sales on Prince of Wales islands (The US Forest Service plans to continue with old growth logging for another 15 years through the wolves’ habitat). One agency, yet again, washing the hands of another.

“After review of the best available scientific and commercial information, we find that listing the Alexander Archipelago wolf is not warranted at this time throughout all or a significant portion of its range,” the agency wrote.

The decision goes into effect immediately.
Detailed report from The Department of Interior: bit.ly/1O8OKrE

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I am thoroughly disgusted with Interior Departments decision not to protect the Alexander Archipelago  ‪#‎PrinceOfWalesWolves‬ under the Endangered Species Act.
Ignoring uncertainty – in dimensions such as true population size – is like playing Russian roulette. As the history of wildlife management has shown repeatedly, the consequences of not accounting for the unknowns are grave.
The Interiors assessments were made upon information provided by their own (fws) biologists! How impartial as well as disgraceful.

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Respect Science: Keep Wolves Protected

When Congress passed the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973, it recognized that our rich natural heritage is of “esthetic, ecological, educational, recreational, and scientific value to our Nation and its people.” It further expressed concern that many of our nation’s native plants and animals were in danger of becoming extinct, including wolves. With the exception of the red wolf and mexican gray wolf, the USFWS determined the wolves a recovered species in 2013, proclaiming that “the current listing for gray wolf, developed 35 years ago, erroneously included large geographical areas outside the species’ historical range”.

The wolf cannot possibly be considered a recovered species when the estimated population is only 5,000 in the lower 48, occupies below 15 percent of their historic range, and when the Endangered Species Act dictates wolves be restored to a “significant portion” of that original range before they are ready for delisting.

“Historic range”, which, broadly stated, refers to the area a species occupied before humans began exterminating them. Yet in an interview with Lance Richardson, the Assistant Director for Endangered Species at the FWS, Gary Frazier said: “Range, is the range at the time at which we’re making a determination of whether a species is threatened or endangered.” In other words, range is where an animal lives at the particular moment the Fish and Wildlife Service decides to list it, not where it used to live before it was widely persecuted. This notion, coupled with delisting because of a taxonomic revision, a revision Fish and Wildlife Service previously rejected as representing “neither a scientific consensus nor the majority opinion of researchers on the taxonomy of wolves” is plainly undermining the ESA, as well as a convenient way for the USFWS to delist the gray wolf.

History has demonstrated that societal values ultimately determine the survival of a species as controversial as the wolf. Wolf management evokes a wide range of public attitudes, polarized views, and prolonged contention. The future of the American gray wolf may become very grim as the war against the wolf continues with Congress’ aggressive, officious interference in wolf conservation with proposed legislation that undermines the Endangered Species Act. Politicians should not be injecting themselves (with stand alone bills, or riders on must pass legislation) into what should be science based decisions:

These proposed legislations would reverse court orders, wiping out Endangered Species Act protection for approximately 4,000 wolves that live in four states (Wyoming and the western Great Lakes states).
The energies of politicians would be better spent on pragmatic efforts that help people learn how to live with large carnivores. We must learn to respect, rebuild and conserve ecosystems not just by simple fixes, such as reintroducing species, but by finding ways to mitigate the conflicts that originally caused their loss. The exigency for a natural balance in our ecosystems cannot be overemphasized, as well as the need to acknowledge that this balance is not possible without apex predators, such as the wolf.
Wolves were rescued from the brink of extinction in the 1970s. But in 2011 the government began stripping their protection under the Endangered Species Act, which transferred “management” to the states, and by December 2014 over 3,400 wolves had been slaughtered in just six states.
In 2011 a policy rider, (the first time legislation has ever removed ESA protections for a species) on a key appropriations bill, stripped Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves in Montana and Idaho, and is very similar to the recently introduced legislation. That rider negated a federal court decision overturning the Fish and Wildlife Service’s decision to delist gray wolves in those two states. The rider precluded the possibility of judicial review, making the delisting of wolves in Montana and Idaho virtually permanent (the delisting was enabled by an unprecedented legal maneuver in which legislators from Montana and Idaho circumvented the usual delisting process by attaching a rider to a federal budget resolution. Not only did the rider effectively remove federal protection from gray wolves, but it also ensured that this decision could not be challenged in federal court).

In the three years that followed, more than 1,956 wolves had been killed in the two states.

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Reid Ribble (Republican member of Congress representing Wisconsin’s 8th District) authored one of the aforementioned bills, HR 884, a bill which would allow the decision of the Fish & Wildlife Service to delist the gray wolf from the Endangered Species Act to stand. Reid Ribble states in a recent op-ed: “It is my belief that allowing trained professionals to make decisions based on years of research is the best path forward in achieving that goal, and my legislation, HR 884, would do just that.” Reid Ribble also stated: “I am pursuing a bipartisan legislative fix that will allow the Great Lakes states to continue the effective work they are doing in managing wolf populations without tying the hands of the Fish and Wildlife Service or undermining the Endangered Species Act.” Yet the horrific slaughter of wolves directly after delisting in Reid Ribbles’ Wisconsin was an abomination. One would indeed call it “effective work” if the goal was to extirpate the wolves. In Wisconsin, the population of wolves was just 800 in 2011, yet in a matter of three years (since delisting), Wisconsin has lost at least 518 wolves to legalized hunting, hounding, trapping and annual unenforced quota overkills. The 518 wolves killed does not include wolves killed at the request of livestock operators for “depredation control” (170) or wolves killed on roadways every year (25). In addition, it is difficult for agency staff to estimate how many wolves are poached, which is estimated, conservatively at 100 a year. Considering annual wolf pup mortality at up to 75 percent, and the human take of wolves in Wisconsin, this has been a disaster of catastrophic proportions. Hardly a wolf management plan integrating the “best available science”. This moral bankruptcy and ineptness is not a way to treat a species recently removed from the ESA.

Wolves have been feared, hated, and persecuted for hundreds of years in North America. In an attempt to extirpate them permanently from the landscape, wolves were hunted venomously (poisoned, trapped, snared, and shot from helicopters). This centuries-long extermination campaign nearly wiped out the gray wolf in the lower 48 by 1950. Sadly, wolves disappeared from most of their former range, today occupying barely 15 percent of it.
After three decades of federal protection, the safety net of the Endangered Species Act, and painstaking efforts of federal biologists, the wolf was able to return to portions of its native range. Gray wolves are now just beginning to reestablish stable populations needed for genetic sustainability, and although wolves have recovered in some states, the North American population as a whole is nowhere near “recovered”. Judges have repeatedly overturned rules which were stripping wolves of their federal protection. In December 2014, U.S. District Judge Beryl Howell said the management plans of the three states that allow sport hunting of the wolf (Wisconsin, Michigan and Minnesota) don’t provide enough protection, and noted that the animal had not repopulated its historic range. With such a small percent of suitable wolf habitat currently occupied and almost constant threats to their survival, these apex predators still urgently need the Act’s protection to survive.

Wolves are essential.

Adversaries of wolf protective legislation continue their court battles against the wolves, but now those on the side of the wolves have an important weapon in their arsenal — the restoration of entire ecosystems (even if such benefits are not immediately obvious). Disruption of large carnivore populations has led to crop damage, altered stream structures, and changes to the abundance and diversity of birds, mammals, reptiles and invertebrates. Game animal populations have greatly increased without large carnivores, crippling the growth of young trees and reducing biodiversity. This also contributes to deforestation and results in less carbon sequestration, a potential concern with climate change. In order to maintain the resiliency of forest ecosystems, (especially in the face of a rapidly changing climate), the recovery and preservation of large carnivores is essential. Wolves are endangered in most of the nation and need continued protection to survive and recover.

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The wolf, a highly social animal is in peril. Hunted down relentlessly, the wolf mourns the loss of family members viciously and unethically trapped, snared, and murdered in droves. He must run for his life daily, year after endless year because man”kind” will not be bothered by the small concessions it would take to oversee harmonious coexistence.

Lost in these bitter arguments over wolf management is any attempt to clarify state agencies’ obligation to their citizens. Scientists and conservationists assert that wolf populations are not yet viable, and that distributions are not sufficient to constitute recovery. More importantly, existing regulations are not adequate enough protection to ensure persistence of population numbers. The Wildlife Trust Doctrine, a branch of the Public Trust Doctrine, defines the obligation of the states responsibility and obligation to its citizens, and dictates that wildlife has no owners at all, and therefore belongs to all citizens equally. As a result, states have a “sovereign trust obligation” to ensure that wildlife resources are protected and managed responsibly, not just for the benefit of current citizens, but also over the long term. The Wildlife Trust Doctrine imposes a duty to ensure proper protection for the gray wolf, as well as any other species no longer (or never) protected by the federal government.
This has become a war on wolves, with the wolves suffering terribly. Now is the time for Americans to step up and be a voice for the protection of this beautiful, amazing and iconic species before it is too late, and before we lose them. Political greed should never prevail over sound science. Please contact your congressional members and be a voice for the voiceless, be a voice for the gray wolf.
Tell Congress that you #StandForWolves and oppose any legislation that would remove protections for wolves. Tweet this here and here.

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“As they have demonstrated time and again, large carnivores will not stay within human defined safe zones. We need to learn to share the land and its bounty with them, to live with them, or we will lose them—and with them a considerable part of what makes us human.” Mark Derr, Saving The Large Carnivores, Psychology Today

Be a voice for the gray wolves. Voice your opposition to the aforementioned bills (simply tap on the links). You can also contact your members of Congress via social media easily here:  House social media links, and the Senate social media links. If you are having trouble with either of these links you will find both Senate and House social media links here.  For petitions and additional tweets please see this blog post.

More information regarding the Wildlife Trust Doctrine can be found here.

Thankyou for your anticipated support on these critical issues ~Intheshadowofthewolf

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HSUS Condemns Oregon’s Cougar and Wolf Decisions

“I think people expected better of Oregon.

Most Oregonians did, that’s for sure. So, the appointed managers entrusted with preserving Oregon’s grand and diverse wildlife heritage need to reconvene and reverse course. Right away.

Or Gov. Kate Brown needs to intervene in defense of our wild animals and to uphold the will of Oregonians.

Today, there are only 90 wolves in the whole state. By any measure, and most of all by the metric of common sense, that is the very definition of endangered. Wolves deserve the protection that Oregon affords animals on the brink.

But the state Fish and Wildlife Commission has decreed otherwise. Turning back the clock a century, the commission has cracked open the door to trophy hunters who want to add another glass-eyed stuffed head to their living room wall. Commissioners voted to eliminate endangered-species protections for our wolves in big swaths of our wildlands.

As they say in the comedy shows, I’m not making this up. Ninety wolves. Go get ’em!

You can make up your own mind whether commissioners lived up to their responsibility. As they themselves put it: to protect and enhance Oregon’s fish and wildlife and their habitats for use and enjoyment by present and future generations.

Future generations. Ha! This is a nasty, back-door win for a small number of trophy hunters. A fatal loss for wolves. A thumb in the eye to countless thousands of Oregonians who understand the simple truth: The state’s eco-system has been imbalanced. Nature knows best.

Commissioners, do your job: Protect the 90.

And while you’re at it, you can reverse your equally wrong-headed decision to allow the wholesale slaughter by trophy hunters of all cougars living in target zones located on 6,236 square miles of Oregon’s wildlands.

Commissioners will say that lifting endangered species protection for wolves doesn’t automatically signal a return to trophy hunting. Then why do it? Perhaps in hopes that the people of Oregon will be busy paying attention to other matters as the demise of the wolf plays out step-by-step?

What a cynical, lopsided approach to governance.

Commissioners would like people to believe that 90 wolves are taking too many deer away from 1.7 million licensed hunters. Really — 90 vs. 1,700,000?

Either commissioners don’t understand nature, or don’t want you to. To the extent that wolves prey on deer, they remove the old and the weak. Hunters are gunning for the big and the strong. So which is the better strategy for healthy deer populations?

The truth is simple: Oregon’s native carnivores keep our ecosystems healthy and diverse. Countless eons of history prove it. Oregonians want wildlife to flourish. Wolves and cougars have a far better track record than these few appointed officials doing the bidding of trophy hunters.

Commissioners, please meet again and vote for nature, not against it. For all Oregonians, not just the few with “trophy” rooms.

Governor, please lend your good office to the cause. The people of Oregon deserve better than they got this time.” ~Scott Beckstead

Scott Beckstead of Sutherlin is senior Oregon state director for the Humane Society of the United States. He can be reached at sbeckstead@humanesociety.org.

Originally posted by The Statesman Journal

Photo By Jeremy Weber