The Case Against H.J.Resolution 69 and S.J.Resolution 18

House lawmakers, on Thursday, February 16th, passed a measure to repeal a recently implemented rule that banned abhorrent practices such as shooting/ trapping wolves while at dens with pups, killing hibernating bears and spotting Grizzlies from aircraft for kill upon landing. The rule aligns with a similar National Park Service rule, which was finalized in October, 2015, banning abhorrent practices such as “bear baiting” and the Game Boards liberal predator control “management”.

The legislation, authored by Representative Don Young, would undo the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, opening the door for the state to resume aggressive predator control tactics including shooting wolves from airplanes, spotting bears from aircraft for kill upon landing, and killing cubs and pups in their dens on more than 76 million acres of national wildlife refuge land in Alaska. A recently introduced companion measure (S.J.Resolution 18), sponsored by Senator Dan Sullivan, also seeks to erode federal management authority over Alaska Wildlife Refuges and should be set aside. 

Under the rule, issued August 3rd, 2016, by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, predator control is not allowed on Alaska’s 16 national wildlife refuges “unless it is determined to be necessary to meet refuge purposes, is consistent with federal laws and policy and is based on sound science in response to a conservation concern.” The law also bans specific hunting methods on Alaska refuges, including killing bear cubs or adult females with cubs, baiting brown bears, taking bears using snares and traps, and aerial shooting of bears and wolves.

  • The rule “clarifies how existing mandates for the conservation of natural and biological diversity, biological integrity, and environmental health on refuges in Alaska relate to predator control; prohibits several particularly effective methods and means for take of predators”. The rule formally established a goal of biodiversity as the guiding principle of federal management of wildlife refuges. The rule also made it clear there would be no impact on subsistence hunters. 

In a blog post published the day of the final ruling in August, former FWS Director Dan Ashe said that in implementing Alaska’s Intensive Management Law, the Alaska Board of Game had “unleashed a withering attack  on bears and wolves that is wholly at odds with America’s long tradition of ethical, sportsmanlike, fair-chase hunting.”

 Under Title VIII (Subsistence Management And Use) of the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), Alaska Natives and other rural residents were granted hunting and fishing rights (when fish and game are not under outside threat) on National Preserves. The ANILCA did not, however, allow Alaska to manage its wildlife as it has been ~ which is not unlike a game farm, where wolves and bears are decimated to allow unchecked trophy hunting and commercial guiding, and led to the implementation of tighter restrictions by the National Park Service. Alaska is unique among the 50 states for allowing sport and subsistence hunting in the 17 million acres of national preserves added to the National Park System by the ANILCA.  While Congress recognized the “important value of subsistence and (sadly) sport hunting”, it allowed both to take place only where consistent with the mandate to protect and conserve wildlife resources. State sport hunting regulations passed by the Alaska Board of Game apply on public lands, but only when those regulations do not conflict with federal mandates or National Park policies. 

(In Alaska, the wildlife law known as the Intensive Management statute is in conflict with federal laws governing national park lands and the management of wildlife on those lands. Preemption, the constitutional doctrine which holds that when federal law and state law conflict, federal law must be followed, and state law must yield, requires the State of Alaska to refrain from implementing the Intensive Management statute on national park lands because of the conflict with federal laws.)

The Board, however, noticeably became increasingly aggressive in its efforts to implement predator control on federal public lands through liberalization of sport hunting and trapping regulations. For example in 1994, the Alaska Legislature passed the Intensive Management Statute with which the explicit goal was to maintain, restore, or increase the abundance of big game populations for human consumptive use.


The following 2 maps illustrate the enormous expansion of state designated predator control areas (PCA) from 2001 to 2014. The maps also show that the boundaries of most national preserves had been encroached upon and many had become virtually surrounded by Predator Control Areas in just 14 years. Note the vast increase of “wolf control” areas (in yellow).


The Board has also practiced intensive  management by liberalizing sport hunting regulations, including:

•Increasing bag limits from five per season up to 20 per season or 10 per day (as high as 20 a day for wolves in some areas of the state), and liberalizing hunting seasons for predators to increase their “harvest”.

•Eliminating the need for hunters to obtain or purchase hunting tags or permits for predators.

•Permitting  the incidental taking of predators.

•Authorizing same-day airborne hunting and trapping, which allows hunters to take predators the same day they’ve been flying.

•Allowing the use of bait to lure predators.

•And, of course, the aerial gunning of wolves. 

Note that in 2011, the Board issued an emergency order to extend wolf hunting and trapping seasons in GMUs 9 and 10 to increase caribou numbers and as a way of getting around the U.S. Fish & Wildlife’s prohibition on aerial wolf control programs on Unimak Island. 

Furthermore, the board has repeatedly refused to reduce the impact of its programs on National Preserves.  For example, in the spring  of 2014, the radio-collared Lost Creek wolf pack left the borders of the Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve and was eliminated through aerial shooting by state agents implementing one of the Board’s intensive management plans. The Park Service had been studying the Lost Creek pack for seven years as part of a roughly 20-year study of wolves in the Yukon Charley National Preserve; The State predator control efforts killed 36 wolves in the area in a single year, reducing the preserve’s population by over half. 

Another example is the Board’s 2010 elimination of the 122 square-mile buffer adjacent to Denali National Park that protected wolves crossing its boundaries from hunting and trapping~Two years later, the wolf populations in the Park were the lowest in decades.

The USFWS acted admirably to prevent application of state regulations which are incompatible with management objectives for the nearly 77 million acres of wildlife refuges across the state.

The National Park Service has also been at odds with the State which led to the implementation of tighter restrictions on sport hunting (the closure regulations became effective Nov. 23 2015, and new hunting regulations effective January 1, 2016. More information regarding the NPS regulations can be found here.

When H.J. Resolution 69 is brought to the floor for a vote, I ask that you please stand by our wildlife and Public Lands, vote against this disgraceful and appalling attempt to reinstate animal cruelty on our wildlife refuges. The companion measure introduced in the Senate is equally shameful in its attempt to undo The Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule and should be voted down; the states do not have a right to dictate what happens on our National Wildlife Refuges. 

Related content:

 Fish and Wildlife Service Wise to Oppose Alaska’s War on Wolves   A must read op-ed by Vic Van Ballenberghe who is a wildlife biologist and a former member of the Alaska Board of Game.  

Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule questions and answers.

Representative Don Young’s biography and colorful array of Congressional statements

 Stop Alaska’s War on Wolves from NPCA

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

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More Trouble for Wolves in Oregon 

Can non-native wolves receive protections reserved for native species in Oregon

Later this year the Oregon Court of Appeals will consider whether it was lawful for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission to remove the gray wolf from the state’s endangered species list in late 2015. Disagreeing with the wolf’s delisting, three environmentalist groups challenged it last year.


Pacific Legal Foundation is representing the Oregon Cattlemen’s Association and the Oregon Farm Bureau Federation as intervenors defending the delisting, and yesterday filed brief responding to the environmentalist groups’ challenge to the delisting.

Their brief focuses on two primary arguments:

Oregon was legally compelled to delist the wolf because the only wolves present in the state are members of a non-native wolf subspecies, but the Oregon Endangered Species Act (ESA) only protects species native to Oregon; and when analyzing the status of species under the Oregon ESA, the state must consider a species’ current range, not its historical range.

Their case:

“First, the wolves native to Oregon are members of the Great Plains wolf (canis lupus nubilus) subspecies of gray wolf, but they ceased to exist in Oregon in the late 1940s. In the mid 1990s, members of the Canadian timber wolf (canis lupus occidentalis) subspecies were introduced into Idaho and Montana, and in subsequent years the offspring of those introduced wolves spread and multiplied, eventually establishing themselves in Oregon and leading to the current controversy.

The difference between wolf subspecies is not merely a paper distinction. The Canadian timber wolves tend to be larger than the Great Plains wolves, and as a result, have a greater impact on prey species and cattle. Furthermore, Oregon already recognizes differences between animal subspecies under its ESA, and the federal government even manages wolves differently depending on the subspecies. So, it cannot be overlooked that Oregon’s Endangered Species Act expressly limits the law’s protections to species that are native to the state.” 

Therefore, because the Canadian timber wolves are not native to Oregon, they do not qualify for protection under the state ESA.”

“It is also important to note that removing state ESA protections for non-native wolves does not leave them vulnerable to extirpation. Wolves remain protected under the federal ESA in western Oregon, but as recognized by the state and federal governments, wolves have thrived in eastern Oregon, so it is appropriate to allow for their management in accordance with the state wolf management plan.

Second, regardless of whether the wolves in Oregon qualify for state ESA protection, the environmentalists question Oregon’s analysis of the wolves’ success in establishing an Oregon population. One way the environmentalists question the state’s analysis is by focusing on the fact that wolves do not currently occupy most of their historical range in the state. But due to modern development in the decades since wolves disappeared from Oregon, it makes no sense to focus on historical range to determine whether wolves are at risk of extinction in the state now. Instead, the state properly considered whether wolves could continue to thrive in their current range, and concluded that they can.”

As a result, PLF asserts that the Court of Appeals should uphold the state’s delisting of the gray wolf from the Oregon ESA, and that such a conclusion is in line with the ESA’s text, the legislature’s intent, and “common sense”.

For more information, read the entire brief

Source.

Seems the war against the wolf never will end.

Kenai Peninsula Wolves 

The Board of Game plans to debate a proposal at its Bethel meeting this week that would reauthorize a program allowing the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to eliminate all the wolves on a part of the lower Kenai Peninsula.

The area in question, the Predation Control Area of Unit 15C, consists of all lands within the unit north of Kachemak Bay up to Tustumena Lake, including the Fox River Flats and a number of federal, state and private lands. If the Board of Game votes to approve the proposal (Proposal 155) at its upcoming meeting scheduled for Jan. 4–7 in Bethel, the department could allow the public to hunt and trap wolves, both from the ground and from the air, and would be allowed to conduct its own aerial hunts.

By eliminating wolves, the department aims to raise the moose harvest in the area. “Annual harvests of moose in the area have been consistently lower than the target of 200–350 animals and the population is lower than the target,” according to the proposal. Because the Predation Control Area does not cover the entirety of Unit 15C, the department is recommending eliminating all the wolves from the area because “sufficient population sources can be found within adjacent areas once control efforts cease.”

The deadline for receiving comments was December 22nd, 2016 for this regional meeting. However, submission of written comments after the deadlines will be accepted but are limited to ten single-sided or five double-sided pages in length from any one individual or group and will be provided to the board members at the beginning of the meeting and must be faxed to 907-465-6094 (or submit them in person) by January 7th.

Wolf Conservation Center offers a petition which I ask that you please sign immediately, here.


Had we been on time you would have been able comment on the proposed regulation by submitting written comments to the Alaska Board of Game, Boards Support Section at: P.O. Box 115526, Juneau, AK 99811-5526. Online at: ADF&G Game Board , by email to dfg.bog.comments@alaska.gov  (PDF format only), as well as by fax to (907) 465-6094

Again, at this point your comment will only be accepted by fax which must be sent before January 7th, 2017.

The Interior Department stood strongly against this sort of Intensive Predator Management on Kenai notifying ADF&G  (file) that Refuge Lands must be excluded or the Service would make use of its own regulatory authorities to ensure adherence with legal mandates, regulations and policies.

My apologies for the inexcusably late notice. Please take action today.

​Feature image, with permission, by  Chris Montano Jr.

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Cold Warriors: Wolves and Buffalo 

Wildlife filmmaker Jeff Turner captures how wolves and buffalo live together in what seems like a forgotten corner of the world.


For thousands of years, wolves have hunted buffalo across the vast North American plains. Although westward settlement of the continent saw the virtual extinction of these vast herds and their eternal predators, this ancient relationship was not lost altogether. On the northern edge of the continent’s central plains, in a place named Wood Buffalo National Park, buffalo and wolves still engage in epic life and death dramas. By following one pack of wolves, wildlife filmmaker Jeff Turner captures how these two animal species live together in what seems like a forgotten corner of the world.

“Cold Warriors: Wolves and Buffalo” premiered February 13th in 2013, and aired again last night. An absolute must watch which I purchased and share with you to watch on or off line here: Cold Warriors: Wolves and Buffalo 

The video is also available for you to own on dvd.


HAVE A HAPPY NEW YEAR!

Environmental Impact Statement – Isle Royale Wolves 

It is utterly astounding to me that any wolf advocate would support this cruel manipulation of wolves.

Members of a helicopter net gun trapping team use nets shot from a helicopter to capture and place radio collars on wolves in Yellowstone National Park.                                
The draft Environmental Impact Statement to Address the Presence of Wolves on Isle Royale (draft EIS) has been released and can be read here or is available at Isle Royale Wolves.

The draft EIS describes how park resources would be affected by the no action alternative and three action alternatives that involve the introduction of wolves to the island.  The draft EIS analyzes the impacts of each alternative on the island ecosystem, wilderness character, wolves and moose of Isle Royale.

ALTERNATIVE B (IMMEDIATE LIMITED INTRODUCTION) IS THE PARK SERVICES PREFERRED ALTERNATIVE:

Under alternative B, the National Park Service would introduce 2030 wolves to the island within the first three years.

Wolves selected for introduction would be captured using available tools ranging from helicopter netgunning, modified padded foot–traps (ie. leg hold traps)darting from a helicopter or modified snares with appropriate stops. 


During initial release, carcass provisioning of natural prey may be implemented to ensure the success of initial establishment. Moose carcasses would be“harvested” on Isle Royale and not from off island to prevent the exchange of disease, parasites, or other foreign materials from the mainland to the island. The provision of carcasses may serve as a means of encouraging recently introduced wolves to stay in certain areas of the island. Additionally, carcass provisioning may be used as a strategy to contain pair-bonded  individuals to one area of the island while the release of another animal or group of wolves occurs elsewhere. 

Wolf introduction would occur by hard release. This entails release of individuals or groups of wolves onto the island with no time to acclimate in holding pens prior to release and without intensive support provided following release. 


Moose on Isle Royale, Michigan. (AP Photo/Courtesy of Michigan Tech University, Rolf Peterson)

Bottom line: 20 to 30 wolves lives will be transformed permanently. They will be trapped, snared; darted or netted via helicopter. Many wolves will be injured, some will be gravely injured, some will live, some will die, most will be torn forever from family members. Certainly, all will be traumatized. Furthermore, harvesting (hunting) of moose in the National Park is something which I find unacceptable. 


During the collection of animals for the Yellowstone reintroduction programme at least 10 wolves died early in the process through trapping and snaring, and at least one died during incapacitation from the helicopter

Removal of the alpha animals from a pack would cause huge upheaval, and studies show that it would almost certainly lead to the dissolution of the pack. Packs that may have been in existence for generations could literally be wiped out by the removal of perhaps just one animal (Learn more here).
Wolves may also attempt to make their way back to their own territories. Relocation of wolves in Alaska’s Denali National Park has led to them returning hundreds of miles to their previous locations. Obviously wolves reintroduced to Isle Royale would be unable to do that, but the instinct to return home could, to say the least, be troubling for them. 

And what of the primary food source…As I have mentioned before, the moose population was near 2,400 individuals in 1996, but plummeted in just one year to 500 animals due to an outbreak of moose ticks and a severe winter. When moose became increasingly rare in 2006, capturing food became increasingly difficult for the wolves…“One wolf pack failed after another, with the population reduced by half. ” The 1,250 or so moose presently on Isle Royale, feeling the effects of climate change, can easily be devoured by a couple of dozen wolves and “wink out” leaving the wolves without a key and primary food source. 

Because your feedback is essential to the development of the EIS, NPS is asking for your thoughtful review and comments during the 90-day comment period, which concludes on March 15, 2017. For your comments to be considered during this review period,  you must submit them online at  http://parkplanning.nps.gov/Isrowolves  or hand deliver or mail them to the park at the following address: Superintendent Phyllis Green, Isle Royale National Park, ISRO Wolves, 800 East Lakeshore Drive, Houghton, Michigan 49931-1896.  Read about the alternative options  here or visit the Park Service’s website: Isle Royale Wolves.

Please take the time to read the Technical Input regarding options for bringing wolves to Isle Royale National Park, particularly page 16: If the current population of wolves on Isle Royale persists to the time of reintroducing new wolves, are there concerns with these wolves passing on deleterious traits (e.g., spinal malformations) to the introduced population? Should members of the current resident population of wolves be removed from the island before the introduction of new wolves due to their poor genetic health? What are the pros and cons of retaining these wolves or removing these wolves?

Unfortunately (or not), I  was unable to find a video of wolf net-gunning but the following video will suffice as an example of the misery and suffering during wildlife helicopter capture.

Related content:

Wolves of Isle Royale: Genetic Rescue or Sacrificial Lamb

 My Name is Rolf


 With wolves its all about family.

Needless to say that I am completely against this displacement of wolves and have selected Alternative A – No Action

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Clearcutting the Tongass National Forest is Dead Wrong

In Paris last December, the world turned a major corner on climate change. Some 195 nations agreed on the urgency of the threat. They also agreed to take steps to combat it, including promoting forest protection and reforestation — steps that are necessary, though not in themselves sufficient, if we are to avoid consequences as extreme for our economies and health as they are for the environment.

President Obama deserves much of the credit for this progress. On his watch, the United States has cut greenhouse gas emissions more than any other country. He has become a powerful voice at home and abroad for doing everything possible to cut emissions. And he is showing global leadership in policy areas that go beyond the Paris agreement; for instance, he has ordered an overhaul of the federal coalleasing program, which produces a tenth of all carbon dioxide emitted by U.S. sources.

In the Tongass rainforest, the Forest Service has clung to the old-school logging of some of the most biologically rich, scenically stunning and carbon-dense forests on Earth. 

So it was a surprise to see the U.S. Forest Service — as if in a time warp — recently working counter to that approach in the vast Tongass National Forest of southeast Alaska. There, the agency plans to continue liquidating carbon-laden old growth for at least another decade and a half.

Forest conservation is only one corner in the race to stem climate disruption that the Paris agreement, though broadly encouraging, did not get us far enough around. But it’s a vital one. As Secretary of State John Kerry said recently, deforestation generates nearly a quarter of all the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

The science is clear: If we want to keep global warming from threatening the existence of coastal areas and low-lying island nations, the world must preserve its remaining old forests and the massive carbon reserves they’ve accumulated over the centuries. The new wood we use has to come instead from sustainably managed plantations and young stands that quickly regrow and recapture the carbon they lose to logging.

Mostly, our federally managed national forests have made that change over the past 25 years. But in the wilds of Alaska, it’s a different story. In the Tongass rainforest, the Forest Service has clung to the old-school logging of some of the most biologically rich, scenically stunning and carbon-dense forests on Earth.

The 17-million-acre Tongass absorbs about 8 percent of the nation’s carbon dioxide pollution from the atmosphere every year. It also teems with extraordinary wildlife, including bears, eagles, wolves and salmon.

Six years ago, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack decided that enough was enough. He announced a transition away from further logging of Tongass old growth, with the Forest Service “rapidly” implementing this change. This was met with high praise from the public and from scientists like me, but at the agency level, his initiative stalled. The Forest Service went years with no visible progress on the transition, while approving continued clear-cutting of America’s last great rainforest.

This fall, the agency released its final “transition” proposal: 16 more years of old-growth clear-cutting, and maybe more. According to one analysis, the logging proposed under the agency’s plan would release carbon dioxide emissions equivalent to about 4 million additional vehicles annually.

The agency says that neither it, nor the timber industry, can move any faster. In the Pacific Northwest, however, both transitioned to logging young forests almost overnight when courts halted access to old growth. The agency asserts that young Tongass trees growing on old clear-cuts are not yet big enough to log. In fact, though, they are older and larger than the ones that local Native corporation loggers cut and sell abroad, and small local mills say they would be happy to process these trees locally, if they could get them from the agency. 

Keeping global warming below catastrophic levels is not something that can wait until we finally get around to it. We need to be doing everything we can right now. We can’t afford to spend another 16 years or more liquidating Tongass old growth and losing the carbon reserves it stores. And we certainly shouldn’t signal other countries that the vital business of saving their carbon-rich rainforests can wait for decades. 

The Forest Service can and must move much faster and not undermine U.S. progress and leadership on climate change by protecting these biologically rich and most scenically stunning and carbon dense forests on Earth. It is long past the time to take the country’s biggest carbon asset off the chopping block. 

Thomas E. Lovejoy

Thomas Lovejoy is a professor of Environmental Science and Policy at George Mason University and previously a senior environmental advisor to the World Bank and the United Nations Foundation.

Originally published in The High Country News. 


Take action to save the Tongass National Forest. 

Alaska’s Tongass National Forest is nothing short of magical: it contains centuries-old trees and one-of-a-kind wilderness, home to animals like Alexander Archipelago wolves and bald eagles. Your voice is needed to pressure Congress to defund this clearcutting plan and save the Tongass for our children and grandchildren. 

Please sign and share this petition from the Sierra Club. Help protect the Tongass National Forest: Stop the Clearcutting. Thank you.

Feature Image: Alaskan Wolf by Doug Brown. Insert: Tongass National Forest photo by David Beebe 

Related content: Trump, Congress and Southeast timber, what are the possibilities?

This is where Obama’s hugely ambitious climate policies were headed — before Trump came along

Obama Fossil Fuel Auction Adds 29 Million Tons of Climate Pollution,
Threatens Imperiled Species in Wyoming
 

Not One Wolf.

Wolves should not be killed to protect livestock grazing on public lands, and certainly not in National Forests. 

Not one single wolf.

“The Bridger Teton National Forest missed a chance to promote the public interest over private businesses when it decided in its draft management plan for the Upper Green Allotment to continue to allow ranchers to run livestock without any significant changes to protect the public’s wildlife and other values.

The Upper Green is perhaps the most important non-protected wildlife habitat in the entire Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Yet the BTNF treats it as if the best use of this land is as a feedlot for private cattle.

Worse for our native wildlife is the fact that the Upper Green is a crucial wildlife corridor. It is regularly used by grizzlies, wolves and as a migration route for pronghorn, elk, and mule deer. The mere presence of domestic livestock creates massive conflicts, and the Forest Service has done nothing to reduce these conflicts.” – George Wuerthner

Again, I ask you to please take the time to voice your opposition to livestock grazing, on your public lands, in the Bridger-Teton National Forest. Your comment must be received by November 21st. Should you wish to compose your own letter, please see this blog post for talking points.
If you prefer, feel free to personalize and copy the following letter which you may either mail to: comments-intermtn-bridger-teton-pinedale@fs.fed.us

or, you may submit your comment here.

To Whom This May Concern,

Thank you for taking the time for my comment regarding livestock grazing in the Bridger-Teton National Forest. I believe livestock should no longer be permitted to graze in the allotments on the Upper Green River project area, and select “Alternative One –  No Livestock Grazing”.

It is impossible to produce livestock in the west without a multitude of negative impacts including soil erosion and compaction, water pollution, the spread of invasive weeds, spread of disease from domestic animals to wildlife, changes in plant community structure, interruption of natural nutrient cycles, disruption of natural fire regimes, and degradation of riparian zones.

I disagree with the compromising and domestication of our public lands with fencing, water tanks, pipelines, and other infrastructure designed to make our public lands better “stock yards”. The Upper Green is a crucial wildlife corridor. It is regularly used by grizzlies, wolves and as a migration route for pronghorn, elk, and mule deer. Not only does livestock grazing reduce the ability of the land to support native herbivores, but the mere presence of domestic livestock creates conflicts with predators such as wolves and grizzlies, which are, more often than not, “removed”.

Wildlife is one of the five purposes of the national forests under the Multiple Use Sustained Yield Act, and the Forest Service is obligated to manage for healthy, viable populations of wildlife under the National Forest Management Act and the agency’s own regulations. With such extensive grazing allotments, this obligation is ignored.

To reiterate, I select Alternative One – No Livestock Grazing, as I understand it:
Under alternative one, livestock would no longer be permitted to graze in the six allotments on the Upper Green River project area. Livestock grazing would be eliminated and current term grazing permits would be cancelled. Livestock grazing would cease two years after notice of cancellation.

Livestock grazing should *never* compromise our wildlife’s ability to thrive, and, certainly not on our public lands.

Thank you for your time.

Sincerely,

Your name

Please tweet this to your following: #Wolves should not be killed to protect livestock grazing on #publiclands #StandForWolves Take Action by Nov 21: http://wp.me/p6o9qd-11O  Tweet4Wolves

 

“You may never know what results come of your actions, but if you do nothing, there will be no results.” ― Mahatma Gandhi

Copyright © 2016

[COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Wyoming Grazing Allotments in Prime Wolf and Grizzly Habitat

Livestock grazing is promoted, protected and subsidized by federal agencies on approximately 270 million acres of public land in the 11 western states. By destroying vegetation, damaging wildlife habitats and disrupting natural processes, livestock grazing wreaks ecological havoc on riparian areas, rivers, deserts, grasslands and forests alike — causing significant harm to species and the ecosystems on which they  depend.

 “Conservation can be defined as the wise use of our natural environment: it is, in the final analysis, the highest form of  national thrift—the prevention of waste and despoilment while preserving, improving and renewing the quality and usefulness of all our resources.”

President John F. Kennedy 
Conservation Message to Congress (1962)

Presently, Bridger-Teton National Forest permits allow more than 7,000 sheep and 15,000 cattle to graze public land in the Upper Green. The environmental planning document from the Forest Service, which would allow grazing in the area to continue for years to come, proposes to renew livestock grazing permits on 266 square miles of public forestland near the Upper Green River has been released to the public. 
The USDA Forest Service’s preferred plan calls for retaining grazing rights on all the acreage that is grazed today and slightly reducing the number of livestock allowed to 8,772 cow-calf pairs and yearling cattle. The Bridger-Teton’s proposal (alternative 3) which would reduce the authorized grazing season on four of six allotments, and add 7 miles of fence line is still a nightmare for wolves, grizzlies, the ecosystem and other wildlife.

Hardly an environmentally friendly plan.

Take a moment to comment against plans for the future of the massive grazing allotment complex, which is also prime wolf and grizzly habitat. The complex spans the entire* Bridger-Teton National Forest from north to south, spills into the Gros Ventre River drainage, and is an environmental disaster.

The Forest Service makes the outrageous claim that their proposal is a “livestock grazing strategy designed to maintain existing rangeland and riparian conditions where they meet desired conditions and improve rangeland and riparian conditions in areas of concern.”

The Upper Green rangeland is the most concentrated area for grizzly bear conflict in the entire Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. A year ago, 80 livestock were confirmed killed by the large carnivores, and five chronically depredating grizzlies were captured and killed in return. Numerous wolves have also been removed for the crime of consumption of the “wrong ungulate”.

Beyond the Fish and Wildlife-directed guidelines, the Bridger-Teton’s plan introduces no new required nonlethal techniques to stem grizzly-cattle conflict. Forest planners hope to finalize the document before the next grazing season, by which time grizzly bears may be managed by Wyoming.

Three other alternatives are included in the Bridger-Teton’s lengthy planning document.

One option would take “no action” and allow no livestock on the rangeland, and another would continue the grazing regime as it occurs today. A fourth alternative focuses on reducing damage to riparian areas from cattle grazing.

Comments on the BridgerTetons draft plans for the Upper Green rangeland are due by November 21st. More information can be found here.

Comment on The Upper Green River Area Rangeland #3049 project here

Read the alternative options here.

*The 323-square-mile public lands rangeland complex in the Upper Green is the largest grazing allotment in the U.S. Forest Service system. The draft plan includes grazing permits on 266 square miles of this area. 
*The allotments are the site of about 40 bear-livestock conflicts a year, according to Forest Service documents.

Before September 23rd 2014, when the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) delisting of wolves in Wyoming, life for a wolf was miserable, designated and “managed” as Trophy Game Animals in the Northwest
(just $18 for Wyoming residents to ‘bag their trophy”). In the rest of Wyoming, designated as Predatory Animals subject to an on-sight shooting policy, killed by any means, at any time, without a license. Should wolves lose their protected status in Wyoming, the species will be subject to this sort of mismanagement within the Bridger-Teton National Forest.

National Forests and Other Public Lands 
should not be managed for the profit margin of private businesses. Period.

The Forest Service allows people to enter into a publicly owned national forest to kill wolves, often without restrictions. Wildlife is one of the five purposes of the national forests under the Multiple Use Sustained Yield Act, and the Forest Service is obligated to manage for healthy, viable populations of wildlife under the National Forest Management Act and the agency’s own regulations.


Please take a few moments of your time to comment against livestock grazing in the Bridger-Teton National Forest.  Eliminating livestock grazing on this enormous allotment might possibly do more for grizzly bears and wolves than any other area in Wyoming.

Please select Alternative One ~ No Livestock Grazing
Under alternative one, livestock would no longer be permitted to graze in the six allotments on the Upper Green River project area. Livestock grazing would be eliminated and current term grazing permits would be cancelled. Livestock grazing would cease two years after notice of cancellation.

The animal and plant populations of the west evolved in an ecosystem that relied on a certain amount of grazing by native animal populations, but the level of grazing that accompanied the introduction of cattle in the last 300 years disrupts the symbiotic relationships of native plants and animals.

Send a tweet to your following:
Help save #Wyoming #wolves #grizzlies #wildlife Comment against largest @forestservice grazing allotments by 11/21 
http://wp.me/p6o9qd-11g Tweet this 

Talking points:

• Numerous studies have documented that the mere presence of domestic animals displaces native species.
  
• It is impossible to produce livestock in the west without a multitude of negative impacts including soil erosion and compaction, water pollution, the spread of invasive weeds, spread of disease from domestic animals to wildlife, changes in plant community structure, interruption of natural nutrient cycles, disruption of natural fire regimes, degradation of riparian zones (the majority of riparian areas on public lands are not what hydrologist’s term “proper functioning condition”).

• With livestock comes the removal of predators like wolves and grizzlies.

• With livestock comes the removal of “pests” such as prairie dogs, a competitor of livestock, which were reduced in population to less than 1 percent of their estimated pre-19th century numbers. Because prairie dogs share dependencies with approximately 200 other wildlife species of the prairie ecosystem, their decimation led to drastic declines in the populations of these other animals. Among them, none had been more adversely affected than the black-footed ferret. Once numbering in the tens of millions, by 1986 the species had dwindled to only 18 free-living individuals.

• The degradation and domestication of our public lands with fencing, water tanks, pipelines, and other infrastructure designed to make our public lands better “stock yards” for the benefit of the few ~ public lands ranchers. Livestock grazing infrastructure, commonly bought and paid for by the American tax-payer, has quite literally tamed the once wild West.  Hundreds of thousands of miles of fencing on public lands have obstructed natural wildlife movement the migration of native ungulates, which can lead to death during times of environmental stress, such as droughts and blizzards.
Water developments built to facilitate livestock use of public lands have dewatered springs, seeps, and streams which serve as critical habitats for a variety of wildlife across the West.

• There are very few places in the West where native ungulates like bighorn sheep, deer, and elk are at their true biological carrying capacity because the bulk of forage is allotted to domestic livestock. Overgrazing by cattle can literally extirpate native vegetation. In one study, scientists found that domestic livestock grazing consumed 88.8 percent of the available forage. Fewer elk, deer, pronghorn antelope, bighorn, and even bison, means that is that much less prey is available to sustain wolves, and other top predators.

•  In the United States, livestock grazing has contributed to the listing of 22 percent of federal threatened and endangered species—almost equal to logging (12 percent) and mining (11 percent) combined. Nationwide, livestock grazing is the 4th major cause of species endangerment and the 2nd major cause of endangerment of plant species. No other human activity in the West is as responsible for the decline or loss of species as is livestock production.

References and Related content:

Veterinarians in Wildlife and Ecosystem Health Excerpt

Public Lands Ranching

The  Case against Public Lands Livestock Production

No Such Thing As PredatorFriendly Beef 

16 wolves get death penalty for eating into Wyoming cattle rancher profits

3 wolves in problematic pack targeted after livestock loss

Why Wipe Wolves from Most of Wyoming

Wyoming Court Seeking Control of Wolves

Wolves, livestock clash all around Wyoming

Public Lands Grazing 

BTNF cuddles ranchers on Upper Green

Upper Green Grazing Analysis Out

Sierra Club’s Grazing Campaign 

Feature image by Christi Sabin.  All other photography by Chris Montano Jr.

Copyright © 2016 

[COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

 

Save Norway’s Wolves Final Tweetstorm 

December 20, 2016 update:

BREAKING GOOD NEWS! 

Norwegian wolf culling cancelled! 

The Norwegian Minister of Climate and Environment, Vidar Helgesen, has overturned the decision to cull 2/3 of the Norwegian wolf population. The four wolf packs in Letjenna, Slettås, Kynna and Osdalen have been spared!


●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●●

Wolves are listed as “critically endangered” on the 2015 Norwegian list of endangered animals, yet Norway is planning to cull more than two-thirds of its remaining wolves — a move that will be disastrous for the dwindling members of the species in the wild. Under controversial plans as many as 47 wolves will be shot, from an estimated population of about 68 wolves which remain in the wilderness areas of Norway. The number of wolves the government plans to kill this year is greater than in any year since 1911. This is a continuation of our first and second  tweetstorms.


Please note that this tweet sheet contains all the tweets from our prior storms. Please close your twitter window and open this post on your browser for ease of tweeting.  As usual, the tweets are automated, to send your message just tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each tweet. Thank you for participating.

1. Tweetstorm #Wolves #Norway #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Please join and please RT  bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves  pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

2. #Norway green & humanitarian principles debased with proposed cull of 47 critically endangered #wolves #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

3. #Norway Grønne og humanitære prinsipper fornedret med foreslåtte cull av 47 kritisk truede #wolves
 #Verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

4. Culling 47 endangered #wolves cuts 2 the heart of Norway’s image as a broadminded, liberal, green nation. #Verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

5. Culling 47 truede #wolves kutter to hjertet av Norge image som en broadminded, liberal, grønn nasjon. #Verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

6. 80% of Norwegians, in urban & rural areas, want2 keep #wolves at healthy populations #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

7. 80% av nordmenn, i urbane og rurale områder, want2 holde #wolves på sunne bestander #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

8. Conservationists are fighting the government-sanctioned hunt: https://t.co/nkX0VP0DQb  #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

9. Naturvernere kjemper regjeringen sanksjonert jakt:https://t.co/nkX0VP0DQb  #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

10. .@erna_solberg #Wolves are crucial for  the ecosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/Fza1BwMdEh Tweet4Wolves

11. .@erna_solberg #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/nrkjYHNZKd Tweet4Wolves

12. .@VidarHelgesen #Wolves are crucial for  the ecosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/Fza1BwMdEh Tweet4Wolves

13.  .@VidarHelgesen #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvespic.twitter.com/nrkjYHNZKd Tweet4Wolves

14. Please, promptly, send an automated email which can be found here: bit.ly/2cNRSR9 #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

15. Vær så snill, så raskt som mulig, send en automatisk e-post som du finner her:  bit.ly/2cNRSR9  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

16. Please sign this petition: bit.ly/2deokud
#verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

17. Vennligst signere denne underskriftskampanje, også: https://t.co/QGdel83Otx #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴 Tweet4Wolves  

18. Please sign this petition, also:  bit.ly/2crUKCR #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

19. Vennligst registrer dette oppropet, også: bit.ly/2crUKCR #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

20. And this petition, as well: bit.ly/2d2oQyY  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

21. Og denne bønnen, i tillegg: bit.ly/2d2oQyY
#verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

22. Tweetstorm  #Wolves #Norway
#verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves
Vennligst bli med og ta RT bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/nrkjYHNZKd Tweet4Wolves

23. Norwegian officials approved killing of 47 #wolves, 70% of the population-slated 4 extinction thru inbreeding #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

24. This proposed cull is indicative of the brutal treatment predators receive in Scandinavian countries! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

25. Denne foreslåtte cull er et tegn på den brutale behandlingen rovdyr får i skandinaviske land! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

26. Norway’s image as the saviour of the ecosystem is completely undermined by this slaughter of #wolves @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

27. #StandForWolves #SaveWolves #ProtectWolves Please #SaveOurWolves  @VidarHelgesen
pic.twitter.com/285vWRUgKT Tweet4Wolves

28. Norway’s image as the saviour of the ecosystem is completely undermined by this slaughter of #wolves @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves   Tweet4Wolves  

29. #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  Yearly over 2million sheep R released in2 forests & mountains of Norway without supervision… Tweet4Wolves

30. #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  Around 1,500 sheep, at the most, R killed by #wolves – farmers richly compensated for loss…  Tweet4Wolves 

31. .@VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg Far more sheep (over 100,000) die for other reasons yet the wolf is 2 blame? #SaveOurWolves No wolf hunt! Tweet4Wolves 

32. Pls consider the essentiality @erna_solbergbit.ly/2cKp1wt #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves 

pic.twitter.com/10KkB5DUur Tweet4Wolves

33. Pls consider the essentiality @VidarHelgesenbit.ly/2cKp1wt #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/10KkB5DUur Tweet4Wolves 

 34. Situation 4 #wolves in Norway is already grim. Wolves allowed to exist in just 1% of the country~designated a “wolf zone” #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

35. But once three pairs of wolves have bred, all the rest can be shot. Outrageous! #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves 

36. 68 or so #wolves is far from a genetically viable population. Slaughtering 47 = imminent extinction! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

37. 68 or so #wolves is far from a genetically viable population. Slaughtering 47 = imminent extinction! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg Tweet4Wolves

38. #Norway has a national and international responsibility of having a viable population of wolves @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

39. #Norway, home to a diversity of wildlife…or not. @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare 
pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves

40. Europe has an estimated population of 13,000 wolves, with about 400 in Scandinavia, just 68 in #Norway, 70% to B culled! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

41. #Norway compensates farmers richly 4 livestock losses due to wolves, creating an impetus for inflated depredation  numbers. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

42. In reality wolves are responsible for barely 2% of livestock loss in #Norway @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

43. The wolf is an enrichment 4many Norwegians who appreciate being able 2 experience nature in its full complexity #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

44. It seems that Norwegian farmers have a vendetta against wolves which isn’t rooted in fact, but rather fear & hate @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves 

45. Decision 2 cull 70% of Norway’s wolves cannot B consistent with the Berne Convention, Draft Act and Predators Regulations! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

46. Wolf population already small/critically endangered. 2 eradicate 70% of such a vulnerable species is shocking @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

47. Wolf population already small/critically endangered. 2eradicate 70% of such a vulnerable species is shocking @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

48. 1 of packs chosen 4extermination never attacked any livestock 4 the 4yrs it has lived in Letjenna, SW Norway! @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves 

49. 1 of the packs chosen 4 extermination never attacked any livestock for the 4yrs it has lived in Letjenna! @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

50. Norway considers a wolf population of 7 packs with just ONE reproductive couple “above the national population target”! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

51. Tweetstorm now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare #StandForWolves Please tweet this link 4 #Norway #wolves: bit.ly/2cWSoJi   Tweet4Wolves

52. Save The Endangered Norwegian Wolves! – Sign the Petition! https://t.co/BvozH9i2Ci 
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

53. La ulven leve! STOPP utrydningspolitikken NÅ!
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @erna_solbergpic.twitter.com/vTRn4ZSvNo   Tweet4Wolves

54. La ulven leve! STOPP utrydningspolitikken NÅ!
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @VidarHelgesen pic.twitter.com/vTRn4ZSvNo  Tweet4Wolves 

55. Let the wolf live! STOP extermination policy now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @NorwayUN 
pic.twitter.com/eiQhDCQS23 Tweet4Wolves

56. Ulven gjør naturen litt villere,
mer spennende og er med på å sikre artsmangfoldet i økosystemet#SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a Tweet4Wolves

57. Situasjonen 4 #wolves i #Norge er allerede dystre. Bare 1% av landet er utpekt en “ulv sone”, der dyrene er “lov” til å eksistere. Tweet4Wolves

 58. Men når tre par ulver har avlet, kan resten bli skutt. Opprørende! #Verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves

 59. 68 eller så #wolves er langt fra en genetisk levedyktig bestand. Slakting 47 = overhengende utryddelse! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen Tweet4Wolves

60. #Norge har et nasjonalt og internasjonalt ansvar for å ha en levedyktig bestand av ulv. #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

61. Norge, hjem til et mangfold av dyreliv … eller ikke.
#SaveOurWolves # Verdtåbevare @NorwayUN 
pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves

62. Europa har en anslått befolkning på 13.000 ulver, med ca 400 i Skandinavia, bare 68 i Norge, 70% til B avlives! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

63. Norge kompenserer bøndene rikt 4 tap av husdyr på grunn av ulv, og skaper en drivkraft for oppblåste rovdyrangrep tall. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

64. I virkeligheten ulvene er ansvarlig for knapt 2% av husdyr tap i #Norge @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

65. Ulven er en berikelse for mange nordmenn som setter pris på å være i stand til å oppleve naturen i sin fulle kompleksitet  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

66. Det virker som norske bønder har en vendetta mot ulver som ikke er forankret i virkeligheten, men snarere frykt og hat! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves 

67. Beslutningen om å kjøpe 70% Norges ulver kan ikke være i samsvar med Bernkonvensjonen, lovforslag og forskrifter Predators #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves  

68. Den ulvebestanden er allerede svært liten og kritisk truet. For å utrydde 70% av slike sårbare arter er sjokkerende. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves 

69. En av pakkene som er valgt for utryddelse har aldri angrepet noen husdyr for 4 år den har levd i Letjenna! @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves   

70. En av pakkene som er valgt for utryddelse har aldri angrepet noen husdyr for 4 år den har levd i Letjenna! @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

71. Norge vurderer en liten ulvebestanden av bare syv pakker med bare ett reproduktive par “over det nasjonale bestandsmålet”! #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

72. Tweetstorm nå! #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare #StandForWolves Vennligst tweet denne linken 4 #Norge #wolves: bit.ly/2cWSoJi   Tweet4Wolves

73. Lagre de truede norske Wolves! – Signer oppropet! https://t.co/BvozH9i2Ci
#SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

74. Final tweetstorm now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare #SaveNorwayWolves Please join! bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/ExUDJpxGSq   Tweet4Wolves

75. Norwegian wolves wiped out in 1960. In 2016 government sanctioned slaughter=guaranteed extirpation…again. #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

76. Norske ulver utryddet i 1960. I 2016 regjeringen sanksjonert slakting = garantert ekstirpasjon…igjen. #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare    Tweet4Wolves

77. Recent research has shown that there is considerable poaching of wolves which will also seal their fate. @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

78. Nyere forskning har vist at det er betydelig krypskyting av ulv som også vil forsegle deres skjebne. @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

79. Before wolves were given legal protection in 1971, they had already been exterminated in Norway by relentless hunting… #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

80. Før ulver fikk rettsvern i 1971, hadde de allerede blitt utryddet i Norge etter nådeløs jakt #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

81. In fact, poaching is a dominating force of wolf mortality in #Norway #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/lkNUqFa2N5 Tweet4Wolves

82. Faktisk er krypskyting et dominerende kraft av ulv dødelighet i Norge #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/eiQhDCQS23   Tweet4Wolves

83. Illegal kills make it much more difficult to ensure sound management of the wolf population. No wolf hunt @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

84. Ulovlig dreper gjør det mye vanskeligere å sikre en forsvarlig forvaltning av ulvebestanden. Ingen ulv jakt @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

85. .@NorwayUN  Wolf is listed as critically endangered on the Norwegian Red List from 2015, yet Norway approves a drastic cull? #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

86. .@NorwayUN Wolf er oppført som kritisk truet på den norske rødlista fra 2015, men Norge godkjenner en drastisk cull?
#SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

87. As a keystone species, wolves play a unique and crucial role in the way an ecosystem functions! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

88. Som en hjørnestein arter, ulver spiller en unik og viktig rolle i måten en økosystemfunksjoner! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

89. #Wolves are indispensable apex predators with strong positive impacts on our ecosystems @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

90. #Wolves er uunnværlige apex rovdyr med sterke positive effekter på økosystemene våre @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

91. #Wolves are an “umbrella species” that positively represent the importance of wildness @erna_solberg #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

92. #Wolves are an “umbrella species” that positively represent the importance of wildness @VidarHelgesen  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

93. Protecting wolves indirectly protects the many other species that make up the ecological community of its habitat @NorwayUN  #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

94. Beskytte ulver indirekte beskytter de mange andre artene som utgjør den økologiske fellesskap av sitt leveområde @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

95. It is clear that wolves are indispensable apex predators with strong positive impacts on their ecosystems, @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

96. Det er klart at ulvene er uunnværlig apex rovdyr med sterke positive effekter på deres økosystemer @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves    Tweet4Wolves

97. Wolves have their own intrinsic value & were not placed on the earth 4 humans 2 use or abuse @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

98. Ulver har sin egenverdi og ble ikke satt på jorden 4 mennesker 2 Bruk eller misbruk @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

99. 2 share the landscape with large predators like wolves is part of living in a sustainable way @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

100. 2 share the landscape with large predators like #wolves is part of living in a sustainable way. @NorwayUN  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevareTweet4Wolves

101. .@VidarHelgesen “You can change the nature of the world pretty simply. All you do is get rid of one species.”~ Robert Paine #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

102. .@erna_solberg “Man kan endre innholdet av verden ganske enkelt. Alt du gjør er å kvitte seg med én art.”~Robert Paine #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

103. Our ability to co-exist on shared landscapes is crucial, these areas R vital to geographic distribution @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

104. Our ability to co-exist on shared landscapes is crucial, these areas R vital to geographic distribution @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

105. .@VidarHelgesen Co-Adaptation Is Key to Coexisting with Large Carnivores: bit.ly/2dscHE8  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

106. .@erna_solberg Co-Adaptation Is Key to Coexisting with Large Carnivores: bit.ly/2dscHE8  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

107. Protecting well being of wolves & their place in the landscape is a sign of moral maturation of our society @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

108. Beskytte velvære for ulver og deres plass i landskapet er et tegn på moralsk modning av vårt samfunn @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

109. Though population within wolf zone has increased since last year, attacks on livestock have almost halved! @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

110. Though population within wolf zone has increased since last year, attacks on livestock have almost halved! @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolvesTweet4Wolves

111. Tweetstorm #Wolves #Norway #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Please join. Please RT bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/ExUDJpxGSq   Tweet4Wolves

 112. #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a   Tweet4Wolves     

113. .@VidarHelgesen Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock bit.ly/2bdbbnQ  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves  

113b. .@VidarHelgesen Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock   #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/WiCYpRrwSN   Tweet4Wolves

114. .@erna_solberg Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves  

114b. .@erna_solberg Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock  #SaveOurWolves    pic.twitter.com/WiCYpRrwSN Tweet4Wolves

115. .@VidarHelgesen Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ   #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

115b. .@VidarHelgesen Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/FTWXJIli40  Tweet4Wolves

116. .@erna_solberg Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

116b. .@erna_solberg Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr   #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/FTWXJIli40  Tweet4Wolves

117. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv   Tweet4Wolves  

118. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves  

119. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @NorwayUN pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv    Tweet4Wolves  

120. .@VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  #Norway Predators policy is as grim as a terrifying crime novel. #SaveOurWolves bit.ly/2dGGBTX   Tweet4Wolves

121. .@NorwayUN #Norway Predators policy is as grim as a terrifying crime novel.  bit.ly/2dGGBTX #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv   Tweet4Wolves

122. .@erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen Norwegians want a Disney nature void of “disturbing” predators. bit.ly/2dGGBTX  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

123. What about moral obligations @VidarHelgesen We have obligations to other creatures & a responsibility to coexist with them #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

124. What about moral obligations
@erna_solberg We have obligations to other creatures & a responsibility to coexist with them #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

125. Hva om moralske forpliktelser?  Vi har forpliktelser overfor andre skapninger og et ansvar for å eksistere sammen med dem #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

126. Other countries are proud of their predators. They are their national symbols. Here, in #Norway we want to eradicate them. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

127. Andre land er stolte av sine rovdyr. De er sine nasjonale symboler. Her i #Norge ønsker vi å utrydde dem @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

128. Andre land er stolte av sine rovdyr. De er sine nasjonale symboler. Her i #Norge ønsker vi å utrydde dem @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

129. It’s time to let nature be nature. Throughout Norway @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/1FutxxYajA   Tweet4Wolves

130. It’s time to let nature be nature. Throughout Norway @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/1FutxxYajA   Tweet4Wolves

131. Nature without predators isnt nature at all, only an unbalanced #ecosystem @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

132. Shame on #Norway @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN bit.ly/2cRiyjA #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/Kg7eJhJqXw   Tweet4Wolves

133. Skam på #Norge @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN bit.ly/2cRiyjA #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/qk90rAhK8S   Tweet4Wolves

134. Nature uten rovdyr isnt naturen i det hele tatt, bare en ubalansert #ecosystem @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

135. Evne til å sameksistere på delte landskapet er avgjørende, disse områdene R avgjørende 2geografisk fordeling @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

136. Evne til å sameksistere på delte landskapet er avgjørende, disse områdene R avgjørende 2geografisk fordeling @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

137. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature. No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv  Tweet4Wolves

138. It’s time to let nature be nature, throughout #Norway @VidarHelgesen    #SaveOurWolves the ethical imperative. pic.twitter.com/ztYMA26EEh   Tweet4Wolves

139. Outrageous that a mere 68 wolves cannot be allowed to live in a land of 5,287,553 people. #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

140. Opprørende at kun 68 ulver ikke kan få lov til å leve i et land med 5,287,553 mennesker. @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

141. It’s time to let nature be nature, throughout #Norway @erna_solberg     #SaveOurWolves the ethical imperative. pic.twitter.com/ztYMA26EEh   Tweet4Wolves

142. Outraged with Norway’s decision 2 destroy 70% of tiny population of wolves #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/rb94XdLHg4   Tweet4Wolves

143. Public outraged w/Norway’s decision 2 destroy 70% of its tiny endangered population of wolves, pls report @nytimes @NatGeo #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

144. #Norway 2 slaughter 47 from population of 68 wolves, biggest cull 4 almost a century, pls report @nytimes @NatGeo pic.twitter.com/rb94XdLHg4   Tweet4Wolves

145. #Norway culling 70% of #wolves undermines viability of the entire Norwegian wolf population! #VisitNorway #NoWay @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

146. The Slettåsen pack slated for a complete cull even though the wolves live within a designated wolf zone! #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

147. The Slettåsen pack slated for a complete cull even though the wolves live within a designated wolf zone @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

148. The Slettåsen pack slated for a complete cull even though the wolves live within a designated wolf zone @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

149. The Slettåsen pack is of genetic importance @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a   Tweet4Wolves

150. Lack of a science & professionalism is obvious @VidarHelgesen nevermind a compassionate approach! #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/PRggSLXmOa   Tweet4Wolves

151. Mangelen på en vitenskapelig og profesjonell tilnærming er åpen @VidarHelgesen eller et medfølende tilnærming! #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

152. Lack of a science & professionalism is obvious @erna_solberg nevermind a compassionate approach! #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/PRggSLXmOa  Tweet4Wolves

153. Mangelen på en vitenskapelig og profesjonell tilnærming er åpen @erna_solberg eller et medfølende tilnærming! #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

154. Green party members have been excluded from the predator management board! Shame on Norway @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

155. Green party members have been excluded from the predator management  board! Shame on Norway @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

156. Grønne partimedlemmer har blitt ekskludert fra rovdyr ledelsen! Skam på Norge @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/9tgIKPQ76A   Tweet4Wolves

157.#StandForWolves #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare We are disgusted with the wolf cull. #VisitNorway #NoWay pic.twitter.com/EIxheyos1w   Tweet4Wolves

158. #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @NorwayUN @NorwayMFA We are disgusted with the wolf cull. #VisitNorway #NoWay pic.twitter.com/1QVd1MrUUI   Tweet4Wolves

159. #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg
#VisitNorway #NoWay pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

160. You are punishing the wolf for following its natural instincts @VidarHelgesen
#SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/LsnXGjbZJ8  Tweet4Wolves

The next 2 tweets are VIDEO TWEETS, please be patient as they may require a few seconds to load:

161. #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴
#verdtåbevare #Norway #StandForWolves #wolves #ulvensdag @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen
pic.twitter.com/h6w9Rc4mFh  Tweet4Wolves

162. #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴
#verdtåbevare #Norway #StandForWolves #wolves #ulvensdag @NorwayUN  @NorwayMFA @visitnorway
pic.twitter.com/h6w9Rc4mFh  Tweet4Wolves

☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆☆

163. Nature uten rovdyr er ikke naturen i det hele tatt, bare en ubalansert #økosystem  @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

164. Slaughtering a pack which did no harm is killing for its own sake – morally indefensible! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare @VidarHelgesen  Tweet4Wolves

165. Slakting en pakke som gjorde ingen skade er drap for sin egen skyld-moralsk uholdbar! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare @VidarHelgesen
Tweet4Wolves

166. The Norwegian buhund, with very strong guarding instincts is an excellent alternative to lethal measures! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare Tweet4Wolves

167. Den norsk buhund, med svært sterk, og bevist, vokter instinktene er et utmerket alternativ til dødelige tiltak! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare
Tweet4Wolves

168. Swedish farmers are refused compensation if their sheep are not adequately protected – Norway should follow! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare  Tweet4Wolves

169. I Sverige er bønder nektet kompensasjon hvis deres sauer ikke er tilstrekkelig beskyttet-Norge bør følge! #SaveOurWolves #verdtabevare  Tweet4Wolves

170. #Wolves feed mainly on moose & roe deer, thus contributing to keeping prey populations in balance with their food base. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

171. Ulver fôret hovedsakelig på elg og rådyr, og dermed bidra til å holde byttedyrbestandene i balanse med sin mat base. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

172. Documentation notes loss to predators is mainly due to the lack of existing fences: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

173. Documentation notes loss to predators is mainly due to the lack of existing fences: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

174. Dokumentasjon notater tap til rovdyr hovedsakelig på grunn av manglende gjerder: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

175. Dokumentasjon notater tap til rovdyr hovedsakelig på grunn av manglende gjerder: bit.ly/2dTbiTS @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

176. Attacks on livestock can be reduced by using protective measures: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

177. Attacks on livestock can be reduced by using protective measures: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

178. Angrep på husdyr kan reduseres ved hjelp av beskyttelsestiltak: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

179. Angrep på husdyr kan reduseres ved hjelp av beskyttelsestiltak: bit.ly/2dH4QR5 @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

180.  2 avoid abuse of compensation, it should B required that protective measures 2 prevent attacks R implemented @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

181. 2 avoid abuse of compensation, it should B required that protective measures 2 prevent attacks R implemented @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

182. Eco-tourism provides an alternative, non-lethal, way of exploiting wolves. #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

183. Eco-tourism provides an economic benefit to local communities from wolf presence @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

184. What happened to the “strategic plan to halt biodiversity loss” @NorwayMFA @NorwayUN @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg
#SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

185. For å unngå misbruk av kompensasjon, bør det være nødvendig at vernetiltak for å hindre angrep er implementert @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

186. For å unngå misbruk av kompensasjon, bør det være nødvendig at vernetiltak for å hindre angrep er implementert @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

187. Øko-turisme er et alternativ, ikke-dødelige, måte å utnytte ulver. #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

188. Øko-turisme gir en økonomisk fordel for lokalsamfunnene fra ulv nærvær @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

189. Hva skjedde med “strategisk plan for å stanse tap av biologisk mangfold” @NorwayMFA @NorwayUN @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg
#SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

190. Norwegian ideal is landscape completely bereft of predators, only humans are allowed to kill anything. #SaveOurWolves #VisitNorway #NoWay  Tweet4Wolves

191. The harsh policies against Norwegian predators are mirrored in how other animals are treated. Shame on #Norway #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

192. Norway has long championed large scale hunting of all of its endangered mainland predators. Disgraceful! #VisitNorway #NoWay    Tweet4Wolves

193. Norske ideelle er landskapet helt blottet for rovdyr, er bare mennesker lov til å drepe noe. #SaveOurWolves #VisitNorway #NoWay
Tweet4Wolves

194. De harde politikk mot norske rovdyr speiles i hvordan andre dyr blir behandlet. Skam på Norge #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

195. Norge har lenge kjempet for storskala fangst av alle sine truede fastlandet rovdyr. Skammelig! #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

196. Welcome 2 #Norway: country with consistent policy & culture of hunting species 2 brink of extinction. #VisitNorway #NoWay #SaveOurWolves
Tweet4Wolves

197. Øko-turisme gir en økonomisk fordel for lokalsamfunnene fra ulv nærvær @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

198. Eco-tourism provides an economic benefit 2 local communities from wolf presence @erna_solberg   #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK         Tweet4Wolves

199. Eco-tourism provides an alternative, non-lethal, way of exploiting wolves. #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen  pic.twitter.com/tKJqcYRexK   Tweet4Wolves

200. (Video tweet) #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴
#verdtåbevare #Norway #StandForWolves #SaveWolves  #wolves #iamessential pic.twitter.com/FAK7KfeFlB 
Tweet4Wolves

Thankyou to all who participated, your voice makes a difference! Awareness is key to change. 

#SaveOurWolves🇳🇴

Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Save Norway’s Wolves Tweetstorm 2

Wolves are listed as “critically endangered” on the 2015 Norwegian list of endangered animals, yet Norway is planning to cull more than two-thirds of its remaining wolves — a move that will be disastrous for the dwindling members of the species in the wild. Under controversial plans as many as 47 wolves will be shot, from an estimated population of about 68 wolves which remain in the wilderness areas of Norway. The government has justified this year’s planned cull on the basis of harm done to sheep flocks by the predators. The number of wolves the government plans to kill this year is greater than in any year since 1911.

This is a continuation of our first tweetstorm which can be found here.

Please close your twitter window and open this post on your browser for ease of tweeting.  As usual, the tweets are automated, to send your message just tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each tweet. Thank you for participating!

74. Tweetstorm #2 now! #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare #SaveNorwayWolves Please join! bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/ExUDJpxGSq   Tweet4Wolves

75. Norwegian wolves wiped out in 1960. In 2016 government sanctioned slaughter=guaranteed extirpation…again. #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

76. Norske ulver utryddet i 1960. I 2016 regjeringen sanksjonert slakting = garantert ekstirpasjon…igjen. #SaveOurWolves #Verdtåbevare    Tweet4Wolves

77. Recent research has shown that there is considerable poaching of wolves which will also seal their fate. @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

78. Nyere forskning har vist at det er betydelig krypskyting av ulv som også vil forsegle deres skjebne. @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

79. Before wolves were given legal protection in 1971, they had already been exterminated in Norway by relentless hunting… #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

80. Før ulver fikk rettsvern i 1971, hadde de allerede blitt utryddet i Norge etter nådeløs jakt #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

81. In fact, poaching is a dominating force of wolf mortality in #Norway #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/lkNUqFa2N5  Tweet4Wolves

82. Faktisk er krypskyting et dominerende kraft av ulv dødelighet i Norge #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  pic.twitter.com/eiQhDCQS23   Tweet4Wolves

83. Illegal kills make it much more difficult to ensure sound management of the wolf population. No wolf hunt @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

84. Ulovlig dreper gjør det mye vanskeligere å sikre en forsvarlig forvaltning av ulvebestanden. Ingen ulv jakt @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

85. .@NorwayUN  Wolf is listed as critically endangered on the Norwegian Red List from 2015, yet Norway approves a drastic cull? #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

86. .@NorwayUN Wolf er oppført som kritisk truet på den norske rødlista fra 2015, men Norge godkjenner en drastisk cull?
#SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

87. As a keystone species, wolves play a unique and crucial role in the way an ecosystem functions! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

88. Som en hjørnestein arter, ulver spiller en unik og viktig rolle i måten en økosystemfunksjoner! @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

89. #Wolves are indispensable apex predators with strong positive impacts on our ecosystems @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

90. #Wolves er uunnværlige apex rovdyr med sterke positive effekter på økosystemene våre @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

91. #Wolves are an “umbrella species” that positively represent the importance of wildness @erna_solberg #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

92. #Wolves are an “umbrella species” that positively represent the importance of wildness @VidarHelgesen  #verdtåbevare #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

93. Protecting wolves indirectly protects the many other species that make up the ecological community of its habitat @NorwayUN  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

94. Beskytte ulver indirekte beskytter de mange andre artene som utgjør den økologiske fellesskap av sitt leveområde @NorwayUN #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

95. It is clear that wolves are indispensable apex predators with strong positive impacts on their ecosystems, @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

96. Det er klart at ulvene er uunnværlig apex rovdyr med sterke positive effekter på deres økosystemer @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves    Tweet4Wolves

97. Wolves have their own intrinsic value & were not placed on the earth 4 humans 2 use or abuse @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

98. Ulver har sin egenverdi og ble ikke satt på jorden 4 mennesker 2 Bruk eller misbruk @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

99. 2 share the landscape with large predators like wolves is part of living in a sustainable way @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

100. 2 share the landscape with large predators like #wolves is part of living in a sustainable way. @NorwayUN  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

101. .@VidarHelgesen “You can change the nature of the world pretty simply. All you do is get rid of one species.”~ Robert Paine #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

102. .@erna_solberg “Man kan endre innholdet av verden ganske enkelt. Alt du gjør er å kvitte seg med én art.”~Robert Paine #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

103. Our ability to co-exist on shared landscapes is crucial, these areas R vital to geographic distribution @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

104. Our ability to co-exist on shared landscapes is crucial, these areas R vital to geographic distribution @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

105. .@VidarHelgesen Co-Adaptation Is Key to Coexisting with Large Carnivores: bit.ly/2dscHE8  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare Tweet4Wolves

106. .@erna_solberg Co-Adaptation Is Key to Coexisting with Large Carnivores: bit.ly/2dscHE8  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare  Tweet4Wolves

107. Protecting well being of wolves & their place in the landscape is a sign of moral maturation of our society @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

108. Beskytte velvære for ulver og deres plass i landskapet er et tegn på moralsk modning av vårt samfunn @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

109. Though population within wolf zone has increased since last year, attacks on livestock have almost halved! @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

110. Though population within wolf zone has increased since last year, attacks on livestock have almost halved! @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

111. Tweetstorm #Wolves #Norway #verdtåbevare! #SaveOurWolves Please join. Please RT bit.ly/SaveNorwayWolves   pic.twitter.com/ExUDJpxGSq   Tweet4Wolves

 112. #Wolves avgjørende for økosystem @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/LHsdPmgn9a   Tweet4Wolves     

113. .@VidarHelgesen Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock bit.ly/2bdbbnQ  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves  

113b. .@VidarHelgesen Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock   #SaveOurWolves pic.twitter.com/WiCYpRrwSN   Tweet4Wolves

114. .@erna_solberg Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves  

114b. .@erna_solberg Research finds lethal wolf control backfires on livestock  #SaveOurWolves    pic.twitter.com/WiCYpRrwSN Tweet4Wolves

115. .@VidarHelgesen Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ   #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

115b. .@VidarHelgesen Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr #SaveOurWolves   pic.twitter.com/FTWXJIli40  Tweet4Wolves

116. .@erna_solberg Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr  bit.ly/2bdbbnQ #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

116b. .@erna_solberg Forskning finner dødelige ulv kontroll feiler på husdyr   #SaveOurWolves   pic.twitter.com/FTWXJIli40  Tweet4Wolves

117. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @VidarHelgesen  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv   Tweet4Wolves  

118. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv Tweet4Wolves  

119. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature bit.ly/2cNLJnM No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @NorwayUN pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv    Tweet4Wolves  

120. .@VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg  #Norway Predators policy is as grim as a terrifying crime novel. #SaveOurWolves bit.ly/2dGGBTX   Tweet4Wolves

121. .@NorwayUN #Norway Predators policy is as grim as a terrifying crime novel.  bit.ly/2dGGBTX  #SaveOurWolves  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv   Tweet4Wolves

122. .@erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen Norwegians want a Disney nature void of “disturbing” predators. bit.ly/2dGGBTX  #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

123. What about moral obligations @VidarHelgesen We have obligations to other creatures & a responsibility to coexist with them #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

124. What about moral obligations
@erna_solberg We have obligations to other creatures & a responsibility to coexist with them #SaveOurWolves Tweet4Wolves

125. Hva om moralske forpliktelser?  Vi har forpliktelser overfor andre skapninger og et ansvar for å eksistere sammen med dem #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

126. Other countries are proud of their predators. They are their national symbols. Here, in #Norway we want to eradicate them. #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

127. Andre land er stolte av sine rovdyr. De er sine nasjonale symboler. Her i #Norge ønsker vi å utrydde dem @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

128. Andre land er stolte av sine rovdyr. De er sine nasjonale symboler. Her i #Norge ønsker vi å utrydde dem @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

129. It’s time to let nature be nature. Throughout Norway @erna_solberg  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/1FutxxYajA   Tweet4Wolves

130. It’s time to let nature be nature. Throughout Norway @VidarHelgesen  #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/1FutxxYajA   Tweet4Wolves

131. Nature without predators isnt nature at all, only an unbalanced #ecosystem @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

132. Shame on #Norway @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN bit.ly/2cRiyjA #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/Kg7eJhJqXw   Tweet4Wolves

133. Skam på #Norge @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN bit.ly/2cRiyjA #SaveOurWolves #verdtåbevare pic.twitter.com/qk90rAhK8S   Tweet4Wolves

134. Nature uten rovdyr isnt naturen i det hele tatt, bare en ubalansert #ecosystem @VidarHelgesen @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

135. Evne til å sameksistere på delte landskapet er avgjørende, disse områdene R avgjørende 2geografisk fordeling @VidarHelgesen #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

136. Evne til å sameksistere på delte landskapet er avgjørende, disse områdene R avgjørende 2geografisk fordeling @erna_solberg #SaveOurWolves  Tweet4Wolves

137. #VisitNorway the country that hates nature. No thanks! #SaveOurWolves @erna_solberg @VidarHelgesen @NorwayUN  pic.twitter.com/45yehgvxgv  Tweet4Wolves 

Please return to the first tweetstorm [here] and send off tweets 1 through 73.  #SaveOurWolves🇳🇴 

Thank you for participating, please continue to tweet every day, and be sure to tweet on the day of the protest in Oslo on the 15th of October | Takk for at du deltar, kan du fortsette å tweet hver dag, og sørg for å tweet på dagen i protest i Oslo den 15. oktober. @intheshadowofthewolf

Feature image with permission by Chris Montano Jr. 

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