Tag Archives: Alaska

Support H.B. 105 – Protect Denali Wolves 

Please take a moment of your time to reach out to State Senators in Alaska, urge them to support recently introduced legislation which would prohibit wolf hunting and trapping in two areas adjacent to Denali National Park and Preserve. House Bill 105 passed the House recently and will now be considered by the 20 members of the State Senate. Should the measure pass the Senate it will then go to the Governor for his signature. 

Please copy and paste (feel free to personalize*) the following letter:

Dear Senator, 

The Alaska House of Representatives recently passed legislation to prohibit wolf hunting and trapping in two areas adjacent to Denali National Park and Preserve.  House Bill 105, sponsored by Congressman Josephson, which seeks to ensure healthy wolf population for park visitors to enjoy, is worthy of your support. 

Denali is recognized as one of the best places in the world for people to see wolves in the wild. Each year, tens of thousands of visitors see wolves along Denali Park Road. More than anywhere else in Alaska, wolves in the eastern part of Denali provide significant benefits to tourism.

The harvest of wolves, particularly breeding animals, has the potential to decrease wolf numbers, influence social structure and reproduction, alter wolf behavior, and decrease opportunities for wolf viewing. Thus, even if harvest occurring outside of the park has little effect on large-scale wolf population dynamics, it may still have significant effects on visitor experience. 

The Denali National Park and Preserve is a major tourist destination that hosts more than half a million visitors yearly, which, in turn, provides a significant boost to the local and statewide economies. Previous buffer zones have protected wildlife populations adjacent to the park from hunting and trapping. After eliminating the buffer zone in 2010 visitor wolf sightings dropped from 45 percent to just 6 percent in under 4 years.

Denali National Park and Preserve is an important tourism asset, and a big part of the attraction of the park is, of course, the ability to see wildlife in their natural habitat,” said Congressman Josephson. “This bill will help make sure that future generations of Alaskans and visitors can be moved, as I have been, by seeing these amazing animals in this unforgettable place “

The continued and heartless slaughter of Denali wolves has disrupted their society and destabilized the packs, which in turn compromised not only the hunting capabilities, but the very survival of remaining members. Hunting and trapping most often removes key pack members or alpha wolves, which will usually will lead to the disintegration of an entire family group. 

For example, in 2012, the trapping of the pregnant alpha female wolf from the Grant Creek group led to the group declining from 15 wolves to only 3 that year. Then in 2016 one of the two remaining East Fork wolves was shot just outside park boundaries. Because of the shooting of the radio-collared gray male (dubbed “1508 GM” by park biologists) the East Fork pack was reduced to one lone black wolf who, at that time, had pups, now presumed dead.

Please 

help prevent this type of tragic situation from ever happening again by voting in favor of House Bill 105. Protect Denali National Park Wolves.

Thank you for your time and consideration of this extremely important matter,

Your name here. 

Send to the Senate President: 

Senator.Pete.Kelly@akleg.gov 

Cc to:

Senator.David.Wilson@akleg.govSenator.Bill.Wielechowski@akleg.govSenator.Natasha.vonImhof@akleg.govSenator.Gary.Stevens@akleg.govSenator.Bert.Stedman@akleg.govSenator.Donny.Olson@akleg.govSenator.Peter.Micciche@akleg.gov, Senator.Kevin.Meyer@akleg.govSenator.Anna.MacKinnon@akleg.govSenator.Shelley.Hughes@akleg.govSenator.Lyman.Hoffman@akleg.govSenator.Cathy.Giessel@akleg.govSenator.Berta.Gardner@akleg.gov, Senator.Dennis.Egan@akleg.govSenator.Mike.Dunleavy@akleg.govSenator.Mia.Costello@akleg.govSenator.John.Coghill@akleg.govSenator.Click.Bishop@akleg.govSenator.Tom.Begich@akleg.gov 

Please share this action, the wolves need all the help we can muster as you can see from this response which I just received from Senator Berta Gardner:

 Thank you for sending your comments to my office. While I would be inclined to support such a measure I do not believe that the Senate Majority will give the idea much of a chance. Just the other day they sent out a press release saying that they were “dismayed by the environmentalist agenda” being proposed by the House.

I have seen and enjoyed the Denali Park wolf pack, and been saddened by news of deaths.

Berta

Senator Berta Gardner

Anchorage District I

Spenard Midtown UMed 

*Note: When personalizing your e-mail, please refrain from discussing the population decline within the park which seems to be rebounding without a buffer as indicated in this chart.

Alaska House Passes Legislation to Protect Wolves Adjacent to the Denali National Park

HB 105 Closes Two Areas Near the Park Border to Hunting and Trapping of Wolves

Yesterday, the Alaska House of Representatives approved legislation to prohibit wolf hunting and trapping in two areas adjacent to Denali National Park and Preserve. House Bill 105,  sponsored by Representative Andy Josephson (D-Anchorage), seeks to ensure healthy wolf populations so that park visitors can see wolves in the wild.

“Denali National Park managers report that visitors consistently want to see wolves. While the park has long been among the best places on earth to catch a glimpse of a wolf, in recent years wolf sightings have declined dramatically,” said Rep. Josephson. “Creating areas off-limits to hunting and trapping will result in more successful viewing opportunities.”

The Denali National Park and Preserve is a major tourist destination that hosts more than half a million visitors a year. Tourism in the park provides a significant boost to the local and statewide economies.

Previous buffer zones have protected wildlife populations adjacent to the park from hunting and trapping. The Alaska Board of Game created a buffer zone on the park’s eastern boundary in 2000, but eliminated it in 2010. That year, 45 percent of park visitors reported seeing a wolf, but just four years later only six percent reported a wolf sighting.

“Denali National Park and Preserve is an important tourism asset, and a big part of the attraction of the park is the ability to see wildlife in their natural habitat,” said Rep. Josephson. “This bill will help make sure that future generations of Alaskans and visitors can be as moved as I have been by seeing these amazing animals in this unforgettable place.”

House Bill 105 passed the Alaska House of Representatives today by a vote of 22-18. The bill will now be sent to the Alaska State Senate for consideration.

Please take action, contact Alaskan State Senators and urge them to support House Bill 105. More information, and a sample email can be found in this facebook post.


Alaska’s Intensive Predator Management: The Shocking Reality

The following report shows the results of Intensive Management with “wolf control” in Upper Koyukuk Management Area within Game Management Unit 24B in Alaska. This predation control program was authorized by the Alaska Board of Game under 5 AAC 92.124 (c) 

Never do I use use graphic images in my work, however this information is equally disturbing. 

Note: The criteria for “success” with this program is a harvest of 35-40 moose in UKMA. The wolf removal objective is to reduce wolf numbers “as low as possible” in the UKMA near Allakaket and Alatna (combined human population of around 150) to allow more moose to be hunted by humans. The objective seeks to maintain a population of 100-140 wolves in all of GMU 24B “to ensure wolves persist in the area”. Keep in mind that GMU 24B is 13,523 square miles, and area larger than the entire state of Maryland which is just 12,407 square miles. A fixed-wing airplane is used to spot wolves. Once the wolves are located they are killed by gunners in a helicopter. 

Wolf Control Program Overview 

“Programs are conducted by selected resident citizen pilot/gunner teams that receive discretionary state permits authorizing same-day-airborne (SDA) landing and shooting and/or aerial shooting from aircraft. To obtain one of these permits, an application must be submitted to the department, and authorized pilots and gunners will be notified if selected. Nonresidents cannot participate in the wolf control program. Please note that this program is wolf control, not wolf hunting.”

Note that black and grizzly bears are likely the primary mortality factor effecting calf survival based on composition data and field studies in adjacent Game Management Units (21D and 24D) but they were not be included in predator control activities as local resident cultural taboos make bear control an untenable option. 

Also note that nowhere in the report was there any mention of human induced mortality rates of moose neonates  (a study many researchers would like to continue as it facilitates a more in-depth characterization and understanding of human-induced abandonment and some of its complexities). A study such as this was cancelled by Minnesota’s Governor, Mark Dayton, out of concern that human interference is harming the very animals it’s trying to help.

In Minnesota, from 2013 to 2015, approximately one quarter of 75 newborn moose were abandoned by their mothers after researchers attached sophisticated GPS collars to them; in 2015 five out of 32 adult moose died after being collared.

Intensive Management for Moose with Wolf Predation Control in GMU 24B (report prepared February 2015). 

The culling of wolves in the UKMA:

In year 1, regulatory year (RY*) 2011, no wolves were killed as part of the department control, however 2 wolves were hunted. The population of wolves in the UKMA at this time was estimated at 23-58.

In year 2, RY 2012, it was decided that prior to this year’s wolf control the population was approximately 36-37. From this small population 23 wolves were gunned down, leaving an “abundance” of 13-14 individuals. 

In year 3, RY 2013, no wolves were killed; the department estimated the population to be 21-25 wolves.

In year 4, RY 2014, the “pre-control abundance” was estimated at 28 to 29 wolves of which the department gunned down 26, leaving an “abundance” of just 2 or 3 animals. 

In year 5, RY 2015, the pre-control guesstimate was at 10 to 15 wolves, of which the department gunned down 10, leaving, again, just 2 or 3 individuals. 

In year 6, the pre-control population remained at 2 or 3 wolves, however, by the end of the regulatory year the population was 10 to 15 animals. 

The results of this horror story.

59 wolves lost their lives thanks to the intensive predator management program in order to increase human harvest of moose. 

The calculated yearly harvest (human) of moose prior to the slaughter of these magnificent animals was 16. The last calculation offered by the department was in year 4 (RY 2014) when just 14 moose were harvested. Even worse was year 3, the first year after the wolf control began, when only 10 moose were harvested. No data was offered for 2015 or 2016….interesting. 

The total cost (monetary) of this program was $660,900.00  

With the signing into law of H.J.Resolution 69 our National Wildlife Refuges are now subject to this sort of mismanagement in Alaska, as the law strikes down the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule.  Should the State win a lawsuit against the National Park Service these practices will also resume in National Parks located in Alaska. 


An example of an active predator management program in the UYTPCA:

The control program in GMU units 12, 20(B), 20(D), 20(E), 20(A), and 25(C): the Upper Yukon-Tanana Predation Control Area (UYTPCA) was established to increase the Fortymile Caribou Herd throughout its range to aid in achieving intensive management objectives. This is a continuing control program that was first authorized by the Board of Game in 2004 for wolf and brown bear control, though in 2009 bear control was deleted from the program because control methods available at the time were deemed ineffective. The wolf population control objective for the area is 88-103 wolves. 1,423 wolves have been killed in this region between RY 2004 and RY 2015. The use of radio collars is one of the techniques used to locate and kill wolves in the Upper Yukon-Tanana area (the radiocollared wolves are often called “Judas Wolves”; approximately 28 wolves are collared for this purpose). 

For more than two decades the National Park Service monitored the wolf packs in the Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, however, because so many wolves were killed by Alaska’s Department of Fish and Game the study was abandoned. Each of the preserve’s nine wolf packs lost members; three packs were entirely eliminated while another five packs had been reduced to a single wolf each. The Park Service officially ended the study in 2014. 

Clearly, Alaska’s lethal predator control tactics are based on poor science and inadequate predator-prey population surveys, are unethical and prioritize consumptive use of wildlife over non-consumptive use. Increasing ungulate populations beyond carrying capacity degrades habitat and disrupts ecosystems. Furthermore the department has failed to produce scientific evidence that these programs have indeed produced larger herds of ungulates with increased human harvest. 

The graph below shows moose harvest for each year during the period starting when the intensive management law passed in 1994 and extending to 2015.  

Alaska Moose Harvests 1994-2015 Vic Van Ballenberghe

Compassion, kindness, sympathy and a humane treatment of wildlife are sorely needed as an integral part of Alaska’s wildlife management policies, with ethical standards that call for the protection of all wildlife, including wolves. 

The Interim Annual Report on intensive management for Moose in the UKMA can be found here.
*Regulatory Year(RY) is July 1st to June 30th.

Copyright © 2017  [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

Veto #HJResolution69

As you know, Congress passed a measure, under the CRA, authored by Representative Don Young, which would undo the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule. The resolution will now be sent to the White House for the Presidential signature. If the measure of disapproval is enacted and signed by the President, not only does it strike down the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, but will also prevent USFWS from ever promulgating “substantially the same rule” without explicit authorization from Congress. 

Our only hope in stopping this abhorrent piece of legislation is a veto by the President. Note: Congress can override a veto with a two-thirds vote in both the House and Senate (If this occurs, though more than likely would not, the measure becomes law over the President’s objection).

Following is a small set of tweets to send to President Trump, as well as a simple copy and paste email. This, my friends, is the grand finale, our final hope in stopping animal cruelty from resuming on our National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska.

Before I let you get on with it, there is one important matter that needs to be clarified:

Joint resolutions are like bills, in that they require the approval of both Chambers, in identical form, and the President’s signature, to become law (unless used for proposing amendments to the Constitution).

H.J.Resolution 69 passed the House on February 16, 2017. The measure was then sent to the Senate for consideration and passed on March 21, 2017. The Senate was not considering S.J.Resolution 18. The resolution does not change in any form, including it’s title. H.J. Resolution 69 now goes to the President for signing. Please tap above links to see the progress of both resolutions (you will see that S.J.Resolution 18 is still in committee). Sending tweets with a hashtag referring to S.J.Res.18 are incorrect. 
Several organizations believed that the Senate version would be brought to the floor for a vote, and alerted their members to call/email their Senators asking them to oppose the Senate resolution. This has created a huge mixup, as the version voted on was from the House. Other organizations, on the other hand, have asked you to address the correct resolution, which is H.J.Res.69. So I ask you, please do not tweet “SJRes18”, it is no longer part of the equation. 

But, who am I, and why should you believe me. Fair enough:

Let me give you an example. Another measure introduced under the CRA was the Disapproval of the Stream Protection Rule,  H.J.Resolution 38. This measure was introduced in the House January 30, 2017 and passed two days later. This disgraceful resolution was then rushed over to the Senate, and passed the very next day. H.J.Resolution 38 was then presented to the President who signed it into law 2 weeks later (10 days after receiving it). Meanwhile, the Senate version, S.J.Resolution 10, like S.J.Resolution 18, with the same language as its counterpart in the House, remained in Committee and was never brought to the floor. Again, tap above links and see for yourself. That being said, I hope that you please stick to the hashtag: HJResolution69.  

Onward. 

Please copy and paste the following letter and send to President Trump here. 

Dear President Trump,

In 2003 the Alaska Board of Game began to aggressively apply controversial “intensive predator management” practices over a large portion of the state. These abhorrent practices continued in every game management unit with efforts to lengthen hunting/trapping seasons for wolves (as well as increasing bag limits) to opening seasons when pups were young and helpless; bears were snared and trapped-body parts sold. Private pilots, over a hundred, were licensed to shoot wolves from the air. The program eliminated the need for hunters to obtain or purchase hunting tags or permits for predators, thereby permitting the “incidental” taking of these animals; same day airborne hunting and trapping which allow taking the same day one flies in an aircraft; allowing easier and greater use of motor vehicles while hunting to increase the hunter’s advantage; expanding the allowable means and methods of hunting for predators, like baiting or feeding, thereby creating additional opportunities for taking; allowing the sale of raw hides and skulls thereby creating economic incentives for taking; and many others.

Clearly, existing mandates for the conservation of natural and biological integrity and environmental health on refuges in Alaska were disregarded, prompting USFWS to issue the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, which formally established a goal of biodiversity as the guiding principle of  federal management of wildlife refuges. The rule made it quite clear it would have no impact on subsistence hunters.  

The Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule follows the law and manages the refuges as Congress intended. Signing H.J.Resolution 69 into law would unleash cruel, egregious, aggressive, sustained slaughter purportedly aimed at increasing ungulate herds, whilst defying the need for a balanced ecosystem and the predator-prey relationship. H.J. Resolution 69 would undue a rule that, in all actuality, helps maintain a balanced ecosystem necessary for the future of subsistence hunting. “The Service fully recognizes and considers that rural residents are dependent on refuge resources and manages for this use consistent with the conservation of species and habitats in their natural diversity.”  

The states do not have a right to dictate what happens on our National Wildlife Refuges, and I ask that you veto H.J. Resolution 69. 

Thank you for your time and consideration of this extremely urgent matter.

Regards,
Your name

 The Wilderness Act (16 U.S.C. 1131) states that wilderness “is hereby recognized as an area which is protected and managed so as to preserve its natural condition…freedom of a landscape from the human intent to permanently intervene, alter, control, or manipulate natural conditions or processes.”

TWEETS (All tweets are automated, just tap ” Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each message, be sure to close your twitter window prior to tweeting) :   

1. The aerial hunting of wolves is a tragedy beyond description @POTUS Veto #HJResolution69  bit.ly/AerialHunt   Tweet4Wolves  

2. Veto #HJResolution69 Please tweet this link: bit.ly/2nBiTw9   Tweet4Wolves

3. Call @POTUS Tell him to Veto #HJResolution69  202-456-1111  pic.twitter.com/78OD7bp7oK      Tweet4Wolves 

4. Activities in wildlife preserves remain subject to Federal Law, including mandates under ANLICA. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

5. Since 1994 #Alaska has prioritized human consumptive use of ungulates compromising biological integrity! Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

 6. BOG designates ungulate populations as highest priority use, setting objectives 4 abundance for consumptive use Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

7. To that end, BOG must “adopt regulations to provide for I.M.programs disrupting natural diversity! Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves 

8. Alaska’s targeted reduction of wolves/bears impact wildlife resources, natural systems & ecological processes Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

9. The Intensive Predator Management also impacts conservation and management of species on adjacent Refuges Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves  

10. #Alaska regulations increase take of predators to a degree that disrupts natural processes. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS   Tweet4Wolves 

11. BOG allows”harvest”of brown bears at registered black bear bait stations, in direct conflict w/refuge mandates Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

12. #Alaska allows taking wolves & coyotes, including pups, during denning season! Veto #HJResolution69 which sanctions #AnimalCruelty @POTUS    Tweet4Wolves

13. #Alaska expanded predator season lengths inconsistent with maintaining predator/prey balance. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

14. #Alaska game board increased bag limits of predators inconsistent with maintaining predator/prey balance. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves 

15. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS #Alaska classified black bears as both furbearers and big game species…1. pic.twitter.com/5E2TBBVtLK  Tweet4Wolves

16. 2. which could allow 4 trapping/snaring & sale of hides & skulls creating economic incentives Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

 17. Veto #HJResolution69 which would allow same-day airborne take of bears at registered bait stations (5 AAC 85) 2 resume @POTUS   Tweet4Wolves

 18. Alaska’s mgmt of wildlife is in direct opposition to legal framework applicable 2 mgmt of the NWR. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves

19. Aerial shooting of wolves and bears by State agency personal would resume under #HJResolution69 Veto #AnimalCruelty @POTUS   Tweet4Wolves 

20. Trapping of wolves by paid contractors would resume under #HJResolution69 Veto this cruelty @POTUS  pic.twitter.com/5E2TBBVtLK    Tweet4Wolves

21. Same-day airborne hunting of #wolves & #bears by the public would resume under #HJResolution69 Veto it! @POTUS  pic.twitter.com/rdabINLWa5   Tweet4Wolves

22. #HJResolution69 allows for the take of any black/brown bears through snaring & baiting by public! Veto the measure @POTUS Tweet4Wolves 

23. 13 of the 16 Refuges in #Alaska contain land within game GMUs designated for “intensive predator management” Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves  

24. BOGs liberalized regulations 4 hunting/trapping wolves, bears, coyotes reverse long standing prohibitions. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves 

25. #HJResolution69 would negate a rule which did not change subsistence regulations @POTUS  pic.twitter.com/5E2TBBVtLK   Tweet4Wolves 

26. #HJResolution69 would negate a rule which did not restrict subsistence take @POTUS  pic.twitter.com/5E2TBBVtLK   Tweet4Wolves 

27. The rule did not affect State hunting/regulations consistent with Federal law and refuge policies. Veto #HJResolution69 @POTUS Tweet4Wolves  

28. Veto #HJResolution69 which sanctions #AnimalCruelty on wildlife refuges in #Alaska @POTUS  pic.twitter.com/78OD7bp7oK    Tweet4Wolves 

29. #HJResolution69 would allow nonresident “take” of bears cubs or sows with cubs at dens sites! Veto this abhorrent measure @POTUS  Tweet4Wolves 

30. #HJResolution69 would undo a rule necessary for the future of subsistence hunting: http://bit.ly/2nMfkE4   pic.twitter.com/rdabINLWa5   Tweet4Wolves


    Copyright © 2017  [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

    Tweet4Wolves Page Two: Stop H.J.Resolution 69 

    This is a continuation of our first page of tweets to Stop #HJResolution69. If you have not sent off the first set of tweets they can be located here. Between the two sheets, we have 352 tweets.

    For ease of tweeting follow these instructions: Close your twitter window and open this post on your browser, do not tweet from the facebook app. Tap “Tweet4Wolves” at the end of each message and your tweet will be automatically sent. For those of you experiencing trouble with the automatic return to sheet after each tweet, please know that I have done everything possible on this website to correct this problem. This is a difficult task as I am experiencing no trouble sending tweets on my browser (chrome). I have isolated the tweet message which should make it easier for those of you reduced to ‘cut and paste’ tweets. Feel free to add images to the tweets except where noted. Adding images as a link removes 23 characters from the message, adding images when you post your tweet removes zero characters, so I will leave that to you. Help yourself to any images here or from the Facebook event. Thank you for participating. 

    Video Tweets (continuation):

    20. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @amyklobuchar @SenFranken  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    21. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorWicker @SenThadCochran pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

    Tweet4Wolves 

    22. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @clairecmc @RoyBlunt pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

    Tweet4Wolves 

    23. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorTester @SteveDaines pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    24. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorFischer @SenSasse pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    25. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @lisamurkowski @sendansullivan  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    26. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #Alaska #PublicLands @SenDeanHeller @CatherineForNV pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

    Tweet4Wolves 

    27. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorShaheen @Maggie_Hassan pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

    Tweet4Wolves 

    28. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorMenendez @CoryBooker pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr

    Tweet4Wolves 

    29. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenateDems @SenateGOP   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

    Tweet4Wolves

    30. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @repdonyoung pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

    Tweet4Wolves or * Tweet🐥This

    31. #SJResolution18 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @sendansullivan pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

    Tweet4Wolves or Tweet🐥This

    32. #SJResolution18 would impair science-based stewardship on our #PublicLands in #Alaska  Shame on @lisamurkowski pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

    Tweet4Wolves or Tweet🐥This

    33. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves

    34. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves

    35. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves

    36. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    37. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship #PublicLands #Alaska @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    38. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves

    39. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    40. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska  @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    41. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune      pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    42. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship #PublicLands #Alaska @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    43. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn         pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    44. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    45. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    46. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @timkaine @MarkWarner  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    47. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    48. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    49. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson  pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    50. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    51. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands in #Alaska @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer   pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr  

    Tweet4Wolves 

    52. #HJResolution69 would impair science-based stewardship on #PublicLands #Alaska  @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr    pic.twitter.com/NFBVarTBRr 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    154. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

    Tweet4Wolves              

    155. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

    Tweet4Wolves    

    156. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  Stop #HJResolution69  

    Tweet4Wolves

    157. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall 

    Tweet4Wolves   

    158. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall  Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    159. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer

    Tweet4Wolves                

    160. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska  @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer 

    Tweet4Wolves    

    161. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    162. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer 

    Tweet4Wolves    

    163. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    164. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr

    Tweet4Wolves               

    165. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska  @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr 

    Tweet4Wolves     

    166. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    167. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr

    Tweet4Wolves  

    168.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr  Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    169.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorHeitkamp  @SenJohnHoeven

    Tweet4Wolves                

    170.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven

    Tweet4Wolves     

    171.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    172.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven 

     Tweet4Wolves

    173.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    174.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman

    Tweet4Wolves                

    175.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman

    Tweet4Wolves     

    176.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves  

    177.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman 

    Tweet4Wolves 

     178.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman  Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

     179.  Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

    Tweet4Wolves                 

    180.  #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

    Tweet4Wolves     

    181.  We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford Stop #HJResolution69

     Tweet4Wolves 

    182.  “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford 

    Tweet4Wolves

    183.  Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves

    184. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden

    Tweet4Wolves                  

    185. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden 

    Tweet4Wolves    

    186. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    187. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden

    Tweet4Wolves  

     188. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    189. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

    Tweet4Wolves                   

    190. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

    Tweet4Wolves      

    191. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    192. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

    Tweet4Wolves   

    193. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenBobCasey @SenToomey  Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    194. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

    Tweet4Wolves                   

    195. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

    Tweet4Wolves      

    196. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    197. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed

    Tweet4Wolves   

    198. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    199. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

    Tweet4Wolves                   

    200. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

    Tweet4Wolves 


    Please do not add images to lettered tweets:

    P. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV  @CoryBooker @SenatorMenendez @SenGillibrand @SenSchumer  

    Tweet4Wolves 

    Q. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenThomTillis @SenatorBurr @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

    Tweet4Wolves  

    R. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorHeitkamp @SenJohnHoeven @MartinHeinrich @SenatorTomUdall

     Tweet4Wolves 

    S. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenSherrodBrown @senrobportman@SenWhitehouse @SenJackReed 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    T. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott @SenBobCasey @SenToomey

    Tweet4Wolves 

    U. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenJeffMerkley @RonWyden  @jiminhofe @SenatorLankford

    Tweet4Wolves 

    V. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    W. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

    Tweet4Wolves 

    X. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

    Tweet4Wolves 

    Y. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @timkaine @MarkWarner @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    Z. The Case Against #HJResolution69  bit.ly/2kUxrqV @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

    Tweet4Wolves 

    201. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @LindseyGrahamSC  @SenatorTimScott Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    202. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoGmember Stop #HJResolution69 @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott

    Tweet4Wolves   

    203. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @LindseyGrahamSC @SenatorTimScott Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    204. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

    Tweet4Wolves                    

    205. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

    Tweet4Wolves        

    206. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    207. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune

    Tweet4Wolves   

    208. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorRounds @SenJohnThune Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    209. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

    Tweet4Wolves                     

    210. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

    Tweet4Wolves        

    211. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    212. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker

    Tweet4Wolves     

    213. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenAlexander @SenBobCorker Stop #HJResolution69 

    Tweet4Wolves 

    214. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

    Tweet4Wolves                      

    215. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

    Tweet4Wolves        

    216. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    217. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn

    Tweet4Wolves     

    218. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenTedCruz @JohnCornyn Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves

    219. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

    Tweet4Wolves                       

    220. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

    Tweet4Wolves        

    221. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    222. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee

    Tweet4Wolves     

    223. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenOrrinHatch @SenMikeLee Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    224. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

    Tweet4Wolves                       

    225. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

    Tweet4Wolves        

    226. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    227. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy

    Tweet4Wolves     

    228. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenSanders @SenatorLeahy Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    229. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @timkaine @MarkWarner

    Tweet4Wolves                        

    230. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @timkaine @MarkWarner

    Tweet4Wolves        

    231. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @timkaine @MarkWarner Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    232. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @timkaine @MarkWarner 

    Tweet4Wolves    

    233. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @timkaine @MarkWarner Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    234. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

    Tweet4Wolves                         

    235. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

    Tweet4Wolves       

    236. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    237. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell

    Tweet4Wolves    

    238. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @PattyMurray @SenatorCantwell Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves

    239. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

    Tweet4Wolves                         

    240. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito

    Tweet4Wolves       

    241. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    242. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito 

    Tweet4Wolves    

    243. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @Sen_JoeManchin @SenCapito Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves 

    244. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

    Tweet4Wolves 

    245. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

    Tweet4Wolves 

    246. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    247. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would ever be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson

    Tweet4Wolves     

    248. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenatorBaldwin @SenRonJohnson Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    249. Stop #HJResolution69 & #SJResolution18 sanctioning #AnimalCruelty on #PublicLands in #Alaska Refuges @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

    Tweet4Wolves 

    250. #HJResolution69 would undo a measure that protects #wolves and #bears from cruel tactics in #Alaska @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

    Tweet4Wolves 

    251. We support wildlife mgmt on federal lands based on sound science/ethical standards @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves  

    252. “Who would have ever thought that young wolf pups would be gassed in dens”~BoG member Stop #HJResolution69 @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi

    Tweet4Wolves    

    253. Protecting #wildlife from #AnimalCruelty is not a partisan issue, it is a human one @SenJohnBarrasso @SenatorEnzi  Stop #HJResolution69

    Tweet4Wolves

    This is a continuation of our first page of tweets to Stop #HJResolution69. If you have not sent off the first set of tweets they can be located here.

    Update:

    H.J. Resolution (not S.J. Resolution 18) has passed both chambers of Congress, please call/email The White House.

     Please also tweet to the President:

    .@POTUS Veto #HJResolution69 which sanctions #AnimalCruelty on Wildlife Refuges in #Alaska pic.twitter.com/78OD7bp7oK   Tweet4Wolves 

    *The 3 tweets marked “Tweet🐥This” are a sample from a third tweet caster which I am testing.

    Copyright © 2017  [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

    Contact Your U.S. Senators | Nay on H.J.Res. 69

    Please cut and paste the following letter and email to your US. Senators (linked at the end of this post).

    Dear Senator,

    In 2003 the Alaska Board of Game began to aggressively apply controversial “intensive predator management” practices over a large portion of the state. These abhorrent practices continued in every game management unit with efforts to lengthen hunting/trapping seasons for wolves, as well as increasing bag limits, to opening seasons when pups were young and helpless. Young wolf pups were gassed in dens, bears snared and trapped — body parts sold. Private pilots, over a hundred, were licensed to shoot wolves from the air. 

    The war against the wolf was horrific and inhumane. 

    Clearly, existing mandates for the conservation of natural and biological diversity, biological integrity and environmental health on refuges in Alaska were disregarded, prompting USFWS to issue the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, which formally established a goal of biodiversity as the guiding principle of federal management of wildlife refuges. The rule made it quite clear it would have no impact on subsistence hunters.

    The Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule follows the law and manages the refuges as Congress intended. A vote in favor of H.J.Resolution 69 would unleash cruel, egregious, aggressive sustained slaughter purportedly aimed at increasing ungulate herds, whilst defying the need for a balanced ecosystem and the predator-prey relationship. A similar measure (S.J.Resolution 18) introduced in the Senate also seeks to erode federal management authority over Alaska Wildlife Refuges and should be set aside.

    These are our public lands which should be managed as Congress intended, for all Americans, not as “game farms” for the benefit of the few.

    Thank you for your time and consideration of this extremely urgent matter. For more information regarding Alaska’s Intensive Predator Management please see this informative attachment: The Case Against H.J.Resolution 69 http://wp.me/p6o9qd-14h

    Sincerely,

    Your name 


    All U.S. Senators, 115th Congress are listed below in alphabetical order by state.  Find your Senator here and tap their last name to send an email: 

    Alaska:

    •Senator Lisa Murkowski (R)  
    •Senator Dan Sullivan (R) 

    Alabama:

    •Senator Richard C. Shelby (R) Or via website

     •Senator Luther Strange (R) (website), temporary email:  luther@lutherstrange.com

    Arkansas:
    •John Boozman (R)  

    •Tom Cotton (R)  

    Arizona:

    •Jeff Flake (R) 

    •John McCain (R)

    California:

    •Dianne Feinstein (D)

    •Kamala D. Harris (D) 

    Colorado:

    •Michael Bennet (D)

     •Cory Gardner (R)

    Connecticut:

    •Richard Blumenthal (D)

    •Christopher Murphy  (D)

    Delaware:

    •Thomas Carper  (D)

    •Christopher Coons  (D)

    Florida:

    •Bill Nelson  (D)

    •Marco Rubio  (R)

    Georgia:

    •Johnny Isakson  (R)

    •David Perdue  (R)

    Hawaii:

    •Mazie K. Hirono (D)

     •Brian Schatz (D)

    Iowa:

    •Joni Ernst (R)

    •Chuck Grassley (R)

    Idaho:

    •Mike Crapo (R)

    •James E. Risch (R) 

    Illinois:

    •Tammy Duckworth (D)

     •Richard J. Durbin  (D)

    Indiana:

    •Joe Donnelly (D)

    •Todd Young (R)

    Kansas:

    •Jerry Moran (R)

    •Pat Roberts (R)

    Kentucky:

    •Mitch McConnell (R)

    •Paul Rand (R)

    Louisiana: 

    •Bill Cassidy (R)

    •John Kennedy (R)

    Massachusetts:

    •Edward J. Markey (D)

    •Elizabeth Warren (D)

    Maryland:

    •Benjamin L. Cardin (D)

    •Christopher Van Hollen (D)

    Maine:

    •Susan M. Collins (R)

    •Angus S. King, Jr. (I)

    Michigan:

    •Gary C. Peters (D)

    •Debbie Stabenow (D)

    Minnesota:

    •Al Franken (D)

    •Amy Klobuchar (D)

    Missouri:

    •Roy Blunt (R)

    •Claire McCaskill (R)

    Mississippi:

    •Thad Cochran  (R)

    •Roger F. Wicker (R)

    Montana:

    •Steve Daines (R)

    •Jon Tester (D)

    North Carolina:

    •Richard Burr (R)

    •Thom Tillis (R)

    North Dakota:

    •Heidi Heitkamp (D)

    •John Hoeven (R)

    Nebraska:

    •Deb Fischer (R)

    •Ben Sasse (R)

    New Hampshire:

    •Barbara Wood Hassan (D)

    •Jeanne Shaheen (D)

    New Jersey:

    •Cory A. Booker (D)

    •Robert Menendez (D)

    New Mexico:

    •Martin Heinrich (D)

    •Tom Udall (D)

    Nevada:

    •Catherine Cortez Masto (D)

    •Dean Heller (R)

    New York:

    •Kristen E.  Gillibrand (D)

    •Charles E. Schumer (D)

    Ohio:

    •Sherrod Brown (D)

    •Rob Portman (R)

    Oklahoma:

    •James M. Inhofe (R)

    •James Lankford (R)

    Oregon:

    •Jeff Merkley (D)

    •Ron Wyden (D)

    Pennsylvania:

    •Robert P. Casey, Jr. (D)

    •Patrick J. Toomey (R)

    Rhode Island:

    •Jack Reed (D)

    •Sheldon Whitehouse (D)

    South Carolina:

    •Lindsay Graham (R)

    •Tim Scott (R)

    South Dakota:

    •Mike Rounds (R)

    •John Thune (R)

    Tennessee:

    •Lamar Alexander (R)

    •Bob Corker (R) 

    Texas:

    •John Cornyn (R)

    •Ted Cruz (R)

    Utah:

    •Orrin Hatch (R)  

    •Mike Lee (R)

    Virginia:

    •Tim Kaine (D)

    •Mark R. Warner (D)

    Vermont:

    •Patrick J. Leahy (D)

    •Bernie Sanders (I)

    Washington:

    •Maria Cantwell (D)

    •Patty Murray (D)

    Wisconsin:

    •Tammy Baldwin (D)

    •Ron Johnson (R)

    West Virginia:

    •Shelly Moore Capito (R)

    •Joe Manchin (D)

    Wyoming:

    •John Barrasso (R)

    •Michael Enzi (R)         

    Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

    The Case Against H.J.Resolution 69 and S.J.Resolution 18

    House lawmakers, on Thursday, February 16th, passed a measure to repeal a recently implemented rule that banned abhorrent practices such as shooting/ trapping wolves while at dens with pups, killing hibernating bears and spotting Grizzlies from aircraft for kill upon landing. The rule aligns with a similar National Park Service rule, which was finalized in October, 2015, banning abhorrent practices such as “bear baiting” and the Game Boards liberal predator control “management”.

    The legislation, authored by Representative Don Young, would undo the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule, opening the door for the state to resume aggressive predator control tactics including shooting wolves from airplanes, spotting bears from aircraft for kill upon landing, and killing cubs and pups in their dens on more than 76 million acres of national wildlife refuge land in Alaska. A recently introduced companion measure (S.J.Resolution 18), sponsored by Senator Dan Sullivan, also seeks to erode federal management authority over Alaska Wildlife Refuges and should be set aside. 

    Under the rule, issued August 3rd, 2016, by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, predator control is not allowed on Alaska’s 16 national wildlife refuges “unless it is determined to be necessary to meet refuge purposes, is consistent with federal laws and policy and is based on sound science in response to a conservation concern.” The law also bans specific hunting methods on Alaska refuges, including killing bear cubs or adult females with cubs, baiting brown bears, taking bears using snares and traps, and aerial shooting of bears and wolves.

    • The rule “clarifies how existing mandates for the conservation of natural and biological diversity, biological integrity, and environmental health on refuges in Alaska relate to predator control; prohibits several particularly effective methods and means for take of predators”. The rule formally established a goal of biodiversity as the guiding principle of federal management of wildlife refuges. The rule also made it clear there would be no impact on subsistence hunters. 

    In a blog post published the day of the final ruling in August, former FWS Director Dan Ashe said that in implementing Alaska’s Intensive Management Law, the Alaska Board of Game had “unleashed a withering attack  on bears and wolves that is wholly at odds with America’s long tradition of ethical, sportsmanlike, fair-chase hunting.”

     Under Title VIII (Subsistence Management And Use) of the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), Alaska Natives and other rural residents were granted hunting and fishing rights (when fish and game are not under outside threat) on National Preserves. The ANILCA did not, however, allow Alaska to manage its wildlife as it has been ~ which is not unlike a game farm, where wolves and bears are decimated to allow unchecked trophy hunting and commercial guiding, and led to the implementation of tighter restrictions by the National Park Service. Alaska is unique among the 50 states for allowing sport and subsistence hunting in the 17 million acres of national preserves added to the National Park System by the ANILCA.  While Congress recognized the “important value of subsistence and (sadly) sport hunting”, it allowed both to take place only where consistent with the mandate to protect and conserve wildlife resources. State sport hunting regulations passed by the Alaska Board of Game apply on public lands, but only when those regulations do not conflict with federal mandates or National Park policies. 

    (In Alaska, the wildlife law known as the Intensive Management statute is in conflict with federal laws governing national park lands and the management of wildlife on those lands. Preemption, the constitutional doctrine which holds that when federal law and state law conflict, federal law must be followed, and state law must yield, requires the State of Alaska to refrain from implementing the Intensive Management statute on national park lands because of the conflict with federal laws.)

    The Board, however, noticeably became increasingly aggressive in its efforts to implement predator control on federal public lands through liberalization of sport hunting and trapping regulations. For example in 1994, the Alaska Legislature passed the Intensive Management Statute with which the explicit goal was to maintain, restore, or increase the abundance of big game populations for human consumptive use.


    The following 2 maps illustrate the enormous expansion of state designated predator control areas (PCA) from 2001 to 2014. The maps also show that the boundaries of most national preserves had been encroached upon and many had become virtually surrounded by Predator Control Areas in just 14 years. Note the vast increase of “wolf control” areas (in yellow).


    The Board has also practiced intensive  management by liberalizing sport hunting regulations, including:

    •Increasing bag limits from five per season up to 20 per season or 10 per day (as high as 20 a day for wolves in some areas of the state), and liberalizing hunting seasons for predators to increase their “harvest”.

    •Eliminating the need for hunters to obtain or purchase hunting tags or permits for predators.

    •Permitting  the incidental taking of predators.

    •Authorizing same-day airborne hunting and trapping, which allows hunters to take predators the same day they’ve been flying.

    •Allowing the use of bait to lure predators.

    •And, of course, the aerial gunning of wolves. 

    Note that in 2011, the Board issued an emergency order to extend wolf hunting and trapping seasons in GMUs 9 and 10 to increase caribou numbers and as a way of getting around the U.S. Fish & Wildlife’s prohibition on aerial wolf control programs on Unimak Island. 

    Furthermore, the board has repeatedly refused to reduce the impact of its programs on National Preserves.  For example, in the spring  of 2014, the radio-collared Lost Creek wolf pack left the borders of the Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve and was eliminated through aerial shooting by state agents implementing one of the Board’s intensive management plans. The Park Service had been studying the Lost Creek pack for seven years as part of a roughly 20-year study of wolves in the Yukon Charley National Preserve; The State predator control efforts killed 36 wolves in the area in a single year, reducing the preserve’s population by over half. 

    Another example is the Board’s 2010 elimination of the 122 square-mile buffer adjacent to Denali National Park that protected wolves crossing its boundaries from hunting and trapping~Two years later, the wolf populations in the Park were the lowest in decades.

    The USFWS acted admirably to prevent application of state regulations which are incompatible with management objectives for the nearly 77 million acres of wildlife refuges across the state.

    The National Park Service has also been at odds with the State which led to the implementation of tighter restrictions on sport hunting (the closure regulations became effective Nov. 23 2015, and new hunting regulations effective January 1, 2016. More information regarding the NPS regulations can be found here.

    When H.J. Resolution 69 is brought to the floor for a vote, I ask that you please stand by our wildlife and Public Lands, vote against this disgraceful and appalling attempt to reinstate animal cruelty on our wildlife refuges. The companion measure introduced in the Senate is equally shameful in its attempt to undo The Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule and should be voted down; the states do not have a right to dictate what happens on our National Wildlife Refuges. 

    Related content:

     Fish and Wildlife Service Wise to Oppose Alaska’s War on Wolves   A must read op-ed by Vic Van Ballenberghe who is a wildlife biologist and a former member of the Alaska Board of Game.  

    Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule questions and answers.

    Representative Don Young’s biography and colorful array of Congressional statements

     Stop Alaska’s War on Wolves from NPCA

    Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

    Kenai Peninsula Wolves 

    The Board of Game plans to debate a proposal at its Bethel meeting this week that would reauthorize a program allowing the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to eliminate all the wolves on a part of the lower Kenai Peninsula.

    The area in question, the Predation Control Area of Unit 15C, consists of all lands within the unit north of Kachemak Bay up to Tustumena Lake, including the Fox River Flats and a number of federal, state and private lands. If the Board of Game votes to approve the proposal (Proposal 155) at its upcoming meeting scheduled for Jan. 4–7 in Bethel, the department could allow the public to hunt and trap wolves, both from the ground and from the air, and would be allowed to conduct its own aerial hunts.

    By eliminating wolves, the department aims to raise the moose harvest in the area. “Annual harvests of moose in the area have been consistently lower than the target of 200–350 animals and the population is lower than the target,” according to the proposal. Because the Predation Control Area does not cover the entirety of Unit 15C, the department is recommending eliminating all the wolves from the area because “sufficient population sources can be found within adjacent areas once control efforts cease.”

    The deadline for receiving comments was December 22nd, 2016 for this regional meeting. However, submission of written comments after the deadlines will be accepted but are limited to ten single-sided or five double-sided pages in length from any one individual or group and will be provided to the board members at the beginning of the meeting and must be faxed to 907-465-6094 (or submit them in person) by January 7th.

    Wolf Conservation Center offers a petition which I ask that you please sign immediately, here.


    Had we been on time you would have been able comment on the proposed regulation by submitting written comments to the Alaska Board of Game, Boards Support Section at: P.O. Box 115526, Juneau, AK 99811-5526. Online at: ADF&G Game Board , by email to dfg.bog.comments@alaska.gov  (PDF format only), as well as by fax to (907) 465-6094

    Again, at this point your comment will only be accepted by fax which must be sent before January 7th, 2017.

    The Interior Department stood strongly against this sort of Intensive Predator Management on Kenai notifying ADF&G  (file) that Refuge Lands must be excluded or the Service would make use of its own regulatory authorities to ensure adherence with legal mandates, regulations and policies.

    My apologies for the inexcusably late notice. Please take action today.

    ​Feature image, with permission, by  Chris Montano Jr.

    Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved.

    Clearcutting the Tongass National Forest is Dead Wrong

    In Paris last December, the world turned a major corner on climate change. Some 195 nations agreed on the urgency of the threat. They also agreed to take steps to combat it, including promoting forest protection and reforestation — steps that are necessary, though not in themselves sufficient, if we are to avoid consequences as extreme for our economies and health as they are for the environment.

    President Obama deserves much of the credit for this progress. On his watch, the United States has cut greenhouse gas emissions more than any other country. He has become a powerful voice at home and abroad for doing everything possible to cut emissions. And he is showing global leadership in policy areas that go beyond the Paris agreement; for instance, he has ordered an overhaul of the federal coalleasing program, which produces a tenth of all carbon dioxide emitted by U.S. sources.

    In the Tongass rainforest, the Forest Service has clung to the old-school logging of some of the most biologically rich, scenically stunning and carbon-dense forests on Earth. 

    So it was a surprise to see the U.S. Forest Service — as if in a time warp — recently working counter to that approach in the vast Tongass National Forest of southeast Alaska. There, the agency plans to continue liquidating carbon-laden old growth for at least another decade and a half.

    Forest conservation is only one corner in the race to stem climate disruption that the Paris agreement, though broadly encouraging, did not get us far enough around. But it’s a vital one. As Secretary of State John Kerry said recently, deforestation generates nearly a quarter of all the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

    The science is clear: If we want to keep global warming from threatening the existence of coastal areas and low-lying island nations, the world must preserve its remaining old forests and the massive carbon reserves they’ve accumulated over the centuries. The new wood we use has to come instead from sustainably managed plantations and young stands that quickly regrow and recapture the carbon they lose to logging.

    Mostly, our federally managed national forests have made that change over the past 25 years. But in the wilds of Alaska, it’s a different story. In the Tongass rainforest, the Forest Service has clung to the old-school logging of some of the most biologically rich, scenically stunning and carbon-dense forests on Earth.

    The 17-million-acre Tongass absorbs about 8 percent of the nation’s carbon dioxide pollution from the atmosphere every year. It also teems with extraordinary wildlife, including bears, eagles, wolves and salmon.

    Six years ago, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack decided that enough was enough. He announced a transition away from further logging of Tongass old growth, with the Forest Service “rapidly” implementing this change. This was met with high praise from the public and from scientists like me, but at the agency level, his initiative stalled. The Forest Service went years with no visible progress on the transition, while approving continued clear-cutting of America’s last great rainforest.

    This fall, the agency released its final “transition” proposal: 16 more years of old-growth clear-cutting, and maybe more. According to one analysis, the logging proposed under the agency’s plan would release carbon dioxide emissions equivalent to about 4 million additional vehicles annually.

    The agency says that neither it, nor the timber industry, can move any faster. In the Pacific Northwest, however, both transitioned to logging young forests almost overnight when courts halted access to old growth. The agency asserts that young Tongass trees growing on old clear-cuts are not yet big enough to log. In fact, though, they are older and larger than the ones that local Native corporation loggers cut and sell abroad, and small local mills say they would be happy to process these trees locally, if they could get them from the agency. 

    Keeping global warming below catastrophic levels is not something that can wait until we finally get around to it. We need to be doing everything we can right now. We can’t afford to spend another 16 years or more liquidating Tongass old growth and losing the carbon reserves it stores. And we certainly shouldn’t signal other countries that the vital business of saving their carbon-rich rainforests can wait for decades. 

    The Forest Service can and must move much faster and not undermine U.S. progress and leadership on climate change by protecting these biologically rich and most scenically stunning and carbon dense forests on Earth. It is long past the time to take the country’s biggest carbon asset off the chopping block. 

    Thomas E. Lovejoy

    Thomas Lovejoy is a professor of Environmental Science and Policy at George Mason University and previously a senior environmental advisor to the World Bank and the United Nations Foundation.

    Originally published in The High Country News. 


    Take action to save the Tongass National Forest. 

    Alaska’s Tongass National Forest is nothing short of magical: it contains centuries-old trees and one-of-a-kind wilderness, home to animals like Alexander Archipelago wolves and bald eagles. Your voice is needed to pressure Congress to defund this clearcutting plan and save the Tongass for our children and grandchildren. 

    Please sign and share this petition from the Sierra Club. Help protect the Tongass National Forest: Stop the Clearcutting. Thank you.

    Feature Image: Alaskan Wolf by Doug Brown. Insert: Tongass National Forest photo by David Beebe 

    Related content: Trump, Congress and Southeast timber, what are the possibilities?

    This is where Obama’s hugely ambitious climate policies were headed — before Trump came along

    Obama Fossil Fuel Auction Adds 29 Million Tons of Climate Pollution,
    Threatens Imperiled Species in Wyoming
     

    Ancient Forests, Wolves, Wildlife and The Wrangell Timber Sale 

    The U.S. Forest Service is seeking public comment on a proposed timber sale  on Wrangell Island, which is in the Alexander Archipelago in the Alaska Panhandle of southeastern Alaska. The island is just 30 miles long and 5 to 14 miles wide, contains an abundance of wildlife and is separated from the mainland by the Blake Channel.

    The Forest Service released five alternatives in their draft environmental impact statement for the Wrangell Island Project on June 2nd. Its preferred alternative would allow two thirds of the acreage to be selectively harvested and a third clear cut, producing about 65 million board feet, and could build up to 17 miles of new national forest roads, some of which will stay open to the public and about 15 miles of temporary roads. The earliest timber sale would be mid to late summer 2017, and targets the largest, highest-value tree stands, which are generally the areas that are also most ecologically important to the forest and wildlife that live there. It seems that, once again, the Forest Service has disregarded the evidence of the probable impacts of its timber program on wolves, other wildlife populations, salmon, and critical habitat necessary for their survival.
    The five alternatives range from about 43 million board feet to 65 million or no timber sale at all.

    Buck Lindekugel, an attorney for the Southeast Alaska Conservation Council (SEACC), said “Instead of cutting the rest of the old growth that supports a whole variety of uses on Wrangell Island, the Forest Service ought to look at ways of integrating stewardship, restoration activities and supplying timber off the existing road system to the small mills in the area.”

    17 miles of new national forest roads!
    Already wolf hunting is rife on Wrangell Island with “bag limits” of 5 wolves and portions of the island are subject to Alaska’s infamous “intensive predator management program” encouraging even further reduction of the wolf population. As we have seen on Prince of Wales, logging and roads initiate many harmful effects, including the “overharvest”, ie. poaching, of wolves.

    The time has come for Southeast Alaska to no longer rely on the timber industry as an economic driver. The Forest Service should manage the National Forests in Southeast Alaska for a host of public values that support the tourism and fishing economy of today; the driving economic forces are, and continue to be, tourism and recreation.

    In your own words, please comment against the proposed Wrangell Timber Sale. Tell the Forest Service that you support “Alternative 1 – which is the “no-action” alternative because in this alternative, none of the proposed activities would occur. Only approved forest management activities not related to the proposed project can and would continue, and road management would be based on the already existing access and travel management plan for Wrangell Island.

    Comments can be made via email to comments-alaska-tongass-wrangell@fs.fed.us  with “Wrangell Island Project” in the subject line.

    *COMMENTS SHOULD BE RECEIVED NO LATER THAN JULY 18, 2016. Comments, including anonymous comments, will be accepted at any time. However, comments posted after the close of the designated comment period (July 18th) may not be able to be given full consideration.

    Please also sign this petition:

    No logging in places critical for Tongass wildlife and wild salmon, from Alaska Wilderness League.

    The Tongass offers the country’s largest remaining swath of ancient forest, as well as an estimated one third of the world’s remaining temperate rainforest. It is far past time for an end to old-growth logging and destruction of habitat essential for endemic species found only in this biologically rich region.

    wp-1468782690732.jpg

    For additional, in depth, information  please see Wrangell Island Project Draft | Environmental Impact Statement

    Related content:

    The economic reality of Alaska’s timber industry

    Senator should heed council on Tongass, accept compromise

    The future of the Tongass Forest lies beyond logging

    Copyright © 2016 [COPYRIGHT Intheshadowofthewolf, name and webpage]. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.